Future Outlook for the Strategic Triangle of Iran, China, US

Mohsen Shariatinia
China’s Defense Minister General Chang Wanquan paid an official visit to Iran recently at a time that international politics is surrounded by ambiguities more than any time before during the past two decades and under conditions when some analysts maintain that the West has reached the finish line.


Iran Spectrum offers scientific and practical articles and researches about Iran’s political, economic and cultural structure. Iran Spectrum hopes to envisage a true and real picture of the internal dynamics of Iran.

Analysis & Citical Views

Hossein Kebriaeizadeh
Despite many governments in the Middle East, the election of trump has not upset Tehran. It seems that the political and scientific reactions shown by the Iranian society to the election process in the United States has become more mature due to accurate observance of 10 rounds of US elections following the victory of the Islamic Revolution

Mohsen Shariatinia
China’s Defense Minister General Chang Wanquan paid an official visit to Iran recently at a time that international politics is surrounded by ambiguities more than any time before during the past two decades and under conditions when some analysts maintain that the West has reached the finish line.

Hossein Kebriaeizadeh
Tehran can help member states of the GCC in various fields from intelligence gathering with regard to extremist groups to formulating a strategy to fight such groups. For this reason..., it would be better for them to set aside differences, most of which are based on wrong mentalities, and move toward more cooperation and convergence with Iran.

Alireza Noori
Despite the fact that the list of threats posed to Russia by Turkey is a long list, Russia has understood this important issue through its realism that not having relations or having hostile relations with Turkey will not only cause it to fail in doing away with these threats, but also exacerbate them and provide the West with the opportunity to take advantage of this gap in relations in order to use Turkey against Russia. 

Kourosh Ziabari
On the first anniversary of the signing of the nuclear deal, Iran Review contacted a number of noted public policy scholars and former diplomats, asking them to propose three hypothetical actions they believe Iran and the other sides of the agreement need to take to realize the expectations the JCPOA was meant to fulfill and preclude its failure. 

Ali Biniaz
If this is true, then one of the future approaches of the UK and other European powers can be related to rebuilding regional order in the Middle East. Therefore, compared to the United States, Britain and the rest of European countries can create more economic and social opportunities for themselves through working with countries in the Middle East, especially with the Islamic Republic of Iran. 

Mohammad Ali Dastmali
Turkey cannot find any way, option and intermediary better than the HDP and the most logical measure for the Turkish government is to restart negotiations with the party, while criticizing its mistakes, and provide ground for a final reconciliation and putting an end to the current conflicts. 

Main Articles

Pir-Mohammad Mollazehi
In a futuristic approach, it seems that promotion of relations between Iran and Afghanistan to a level higher than their current level needs serious investment in all political, economic, cultural, security and military fields, because Afghanistan needs foreign assistance in all these sectors and heavily depends on that assistance.

Javad Haghgoo
The culture governing Iranian society is a culture in which women take part in bolstering the fundaments of the family institution, implementation of its main functions, and keeping up its economy shoulder to shoulder with men. Iranian women are also undeniably present in various social arenas and enjoy political rights equal to men in determining their destiny. Al-out participation of women in political affairs is just a manifestation of their full entitlement to political rights.

Shahab Salimi
A proposal for taking advantage of the nuclear energy was offered to Iran's then monarch, Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi, by then US President Dwight D. Eisenhower. In fact, the United States was the first country, which encouraged Iran to achieve nuclear technology.

Mohammad Kordzadeh Kermani
Undertaking research on the political economy of sanctions in Iran covers a wide area of study. In a research project, relevant data and key questions can be collected in order to organize them methodologically and write a book on this issue. In this article, within the conceptual framework of political economy, interactions of a few variables involved in the sanctions on Iran are studied. First, the article explores the immoral aspect and consequently illegal aspect of sanctions as an American policy tool to coerce Iran’s behavior regarding its legal right of nuclear enrichment. Then the article sheds light on economic impacts of the sanctions through examples. It also discusses political impacts of the sanctions and practical experience of how Iranians tackle these restrictions. It finally proposes an alternative way to change this hostility dominated environment of the Iran-US relations.

Rouhollah Eslami
Does Iran, which is known in political science literature as a developing, oriental and ancient country, have specific, examinable and predictable models in a way that can be applied to foreign policy studies? In this study the author intends to analyze six models of Iranian foreign policy between the two revolutions (from the constitutional to the Islamic); these patterns have been fluctuating dialectically between an idealism embedded in the Iranian grieving ontology and realism as it relates to the international environment. At the beginning, the nostalgic worldview of Iranians that is a reflection of their subjective collective constructs is analyzed.

Behzad Khoshandam
Considering economic, trade, political, security, and trend making importance of this regional organization, on the one hand, and Iran's growing strategic influence as an effective player and source of new developments in international interactions, on the other hand, the question is what strategy and approach is pursued by these two political players toward each other? A more important question is “based on reciprocal strategies and approaches adopted by the two sides, what factors could possibly affect future configuration of relations between these two actors?”

IRI Leader's Thoughts

Ayatollah Seyyed Ali Khamenei
Some people think that proving Shia should be done through insulting and cursing the great personalities of Sunni Islam and other denominations. But this is not the case. This is against the tradition of the Imams (a.s.). When you witness that certain radios and television channels are launched in the world Islam whose job is to insult the great personalities of other denominations under the title and in the name of Shia, it is clear that this is funded by the English Treasury.


Ayatollah Seyyed Ali Khamenei
The cure for the problems of the country – whether the problems that we have today, the problems that we will have later on or the problems that every country and nation has- after all, no country is without any problem- and the solution for them lies in the bubbling of willpower and resistance from inside the people.

Ayatollah Seyyed Ali Khamenei
The most recent one is this ten-year renewal of sanctions. If these sanctions are renewed, this is definitely a violation of the Bar-Jaam [JCPOA]. It is undoubtedly a violation of the Bar-Jaam. And they should know that the Islamic Republic will surely react to it

Ayatollah Seyyed Ali Khamenei
Iran should become a country which has new ideas in the area of human issues and issues related to human life. It should present new ideas. This is because humanity is not in a good condition.

Ayatollah Seyyed Ali Khamenei
By witnessing the condition of one’s addressee and the condition of the country, one advises a gentleman that if he participates in a certain event, this will create a polarization in the country. The existence of polarization in the country is harmful for the country. I advised him (The ex-president) that I do not think it would be wise for him to enter the arena.

Ayatollah Seyyed Ali Khamenei
When analyzed, the contents of 25 meetings between the Leader of the Islamic Revolution and foreign officials would shows that there are common axes in most of these meetings. Four of the most important common axes of those meetings include...

Ayatollah Seyyed Ali Khamenei
Of course, we will not violate the Bar-Jaam first. Everyone should know this! We will not violate the Bar-Jaam if the other side does not do it. Of course, the individuals who have run for the U.S. presidency are constantly threatening that they will tear it up. Well, if they tear it up, we will set it on fire!

Masoud Rezaei
When it comes to shaping Iran's military strategy, there exists a dominant intellectual school of thought within the mindset of Ayatollah Seyyed Ali Khamenei and high-ranking military officials of Iran, which cannot be taken lightly. The existing strategy firmly believes that the United States cannot put up with an independent Iran and its final goal is regime change in the country. Based on this mentality, Iran's powerful influence in neighboring countries would allow it to protect itself in the face of foreign aggression and military attacks.

After the announcement of the conclusion of 23 months of nuclear talks between the Islamic Republic of Iran and the P5+1 group of countries over the 13-year-old nuclear case of Iran, the Leader of the Islamic Revolution explained his views on this issue in response to a letter wrote to him by President Hassan Rouhani and also in a meeting with Iranian officials and ambassadors of Muslim countries on the occasion of Eid al-Fitr. The Leader’s viewpoints reflected on the general policies of the Islamic establishment with regard to the continuation of the struggle against the world arrogance and also on the Islamic Republic of Iran's regional policies.