Mohammad Javad Zarif
Iran’s Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif wrote a letter to United Nations Secretary General Ban Ki-moon, saying Tehran reserves the right to take countermeasures in response to the decision made by the US Supreme Court.
It does not seem that Obama is interested in supporting political actors that are members of the (P)GCC, especially Saudi Arabia, in all fields because he has always believed in the necessity of balance between achievements and costs. Therefore, the United States has been following an approach based on profit and loss analysis, while Saudi Arabia expects wider support for its regional policies from Washington.
US President Barack Obama’s recent trip to Riyadh to take part in the meeting of the (Persian) Gulf Cooperation Council [(P)GCC], which remained limited to a few routine meetings and predictable remarks, failed to put an end to recent doubts and pessimism about the United States’ relations with Saudi Arabia.
Since Iran’s missile activities are no more considered as “illegal” under the international law, if the United States government or Congress decide to impose secondary sanctions on Iran in response to the country’s missile program, they will most probably face much more obstacles and opposition than before for getting other countries in line with their sanctions. At present, international atmosphere does not allow for creating tensions with Iran and imposing illegal restrictions on the country.
From a strategic viewpoint, Iran’s situation at the heart of the Islamic world and South Africa’s situation in the most important part on the vast continent of Africa, under the current tumultuous and unstable conditions in the region, provide both countries with a good opportunity to promote south-south cooperation for development of peace and democracy in the region and the world.
Amir Hossein Yazdanpanah
The latest developments in the summit meeting of the Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) in Turkish port city of Istanbul as well as what happened in and around the summit once more brought to the light the existing tensions between Iran and Saudi Arabia. Recent developments show that Riyadh pursued two goals through participation in this meeting.
At present, Riyadh is known among the international community and even its apparent allies as the cradle of sectarianism and terrorism, and a source of instability in the region and basically in the entire West Asia. The main achievement of the Saudi regime has been only a statement at the end of the summit meeting of the Organization of Islamic Cooperation, while even its signatories were not ready to read out its contents after the meeting ended.
Iran is currently in a good position, where if it faces any limitation for the implementation of JCPOA or any obstacle to realization of the full benefit by Iran of the sanctions lifting, to take action to have its right recognized in line with the mechanism stipulated by the nuclear deal. On the other hand, sending Iran’s complaint to the Joint Commission will throw the ball into the opposite party’s court and put double pressure on the United States.
Increased diplomatic activities by Saudi Arabia can be considered to a large extent as a reaction to regional and transregional diplomatic moves made by Iran. It seems that to boost their strategic bonds with other actors, these two regional actors are trying through “regional network building” to reduce the sphere of influence of the rival actor. As a result, from the viewpoint of conflicting regional actors, increased allies on the side of any actor can lead to reduced influence of the other.
A plan offered by Russia to resolve the crisis in Syria has gotten close to the American perspective on this issue in its key aspects and now, Moscow and Washington support each other’s proposals for the promotion of the peace process in Syria. Since the two countries have been sharing their viewpoints in this regard, it seems that Moscow and Washington have decided to resolve the Syria crisis on the basis of a bilateral agreement.