Seyed Hossein Mousavian
There has long been much handwringing in Washington over Iran’s ballistic missiles. They are portrayed as threatening to regional security and developed with the aim of one day arming with nuclear warheads. This is as missiles form an integral part of Iran’s defensive military posture, which is fundamentally geared towards deterring attack. Indeed, when it comes to conventional military power, the regional balance is staggeringly stacked against Iran, with Saudi Arabia outspending Iran 5-to-1 on its military and even the UAE, with a native Emirati population of less than 2 million, spending 50 percent more than Iran. The United States, with its massive military presence in the region, spends nearly 70 times more than Iran.
Following recent cooperation between Iran and Russia in Syria and the brilliant outcomes that their cooperation had in restricting the reach of extremist elements of Daesh in the region, many experts have come to the conclusion that Russia’s active military presence in a country different from member states of the Commonwealth of Independent States is indicative of a change in Moscow’s foreign policy and Middle Eastern policy.
The Islamic Republic of Iran's foreign policy has been subject of many disputes. Some of these disputes have reached a final conclusion and have guided Iranian diplomats in the form of consensual policies. Some other disputes, however, are still far from a domestic consensus despite the fact that they have been underway for a long time. Among age-old disputes in this field is the difference of viewpoints about the country’s interaction preferences in foreign relations.
Massoud Mousavi Shafaei
After the election of Donald Trump as the new president of the United States, there have been signs of an about-turn to the first form (19th century) of international order in a world, which practically lacks a hegemonic power.
Migratory movements were old as mankind itself. International migration has been changed to some novelties in recent trends, and one of these consists in the increase of female migration. There is extensive literature on gender and migration which try to redress the notion of movement with the gender-based lens to analyze how women and men’s migration experiences differ in various aspects such as adaptation strategies, remittance, and decision-making process.
Late last year in Manama, Bahrain, British Prime Minister Theresa May assured Persian Gulf oil monarchies that the United Kingdom’s anti-Iran posture would remain unchanged under her leadership.
The connection of an anti-Iran exile group to senior members in the Trump administration may explain why the US president has taken such a hostile line towards the Islamic Republic, declaring it a «number one state sponsor of terrorism» and slapping new sanctions on Tehran.
Despite their escalating rhetoric, neither Iran nor the United States has the incentive nor the ability to take the new cycle of tension to a military confrontation.
Following the latest ballistic missile test by Iran in which the country test-fired its Khorramshahr missile at a location near the central city of Semnan in late January 2017, and also following an attack on a Saudi Arabian warship off the coast of Yemen by Houthis Ansarullah fighters, the new president of the United States, Donald Trump, announced that Iran has been officially “put on notice.”
One of the recent global developments, which is still at the top of the world news is the recent presidential election in the United States, which has elicited various reactions and quotes, as well as a wide range of sentiments from shock and awe to admiration and praise.