Worldviews of Aspiring Powers

Monday, July 8, 2013

Editors: Henry R. Nau & Deepa M. Ollapally

Paperback: 256 pages
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA (October 3, 2012)
Language: English
ISBN-10: 0199937494
ISBN-13: 978-0199937493

Book Description

Worldviews of Aspiring Powers provides a serious study of the domestic foreign policy debates in five world powers who have gained more influence as the US's has waned: China, Japan, India, Russia and Iran. Featuring a leading regional scholar for each essay, each essay identifies the most important domestic schools of thought--nationalists, realists, globalists, idealists/exceptionalists--and connects them to the historical and institutional sources that fuel each nation's foreign policy experience. While scholars have applied this approach to US foreign policy, this book is the first to track the competing schools of foreign policy thought within five of the world's most important rising powers. Concise and systematic, Worldviews of Aspiring Powers will serve as both an essential resource for foreign policy scholars trying to understand international power transitions and as a text for courses that focus on the same.

In recent years, rising non-Western states have begun to seek greater roles in the running of the global order. But how do they understand that order? This valuable collection explores thinking about foreign policy in China, India, Iran, Japan, and Russia. The contributors demonstrate that in all those countries, vigorous debates exist among foreign policy schools that resemble the Western categories of realism, nationalism, and liberal internationalism, as well as various types of idealism. In their chapter, Nau and Ollapally argue that in most of these countries, realist and nationalist sentiments tend to dominate among foreign policy elites, leading to an emphasis on sovereignty, self-reliance, and the building of national military and economic capacities. But a strong consensus exists within all these countries—and even among the various schools of thought—on the virtues of international economic openness and integration. Moreover, apart from Iran, these rising states are not seeking to transform the global order. They want to trade and grow within the existing system while protecting their sovereignty and national power.


Political Science

International Relations


Political Science / Comparative Politics
Political Science / Geopolitics
Political Science / International Relations / General

Keywords:  domestic foreign policy, China, Japan, India, Russia, Iran, foreign policy experience, US foreign policy, influence 

Editorial Reviews

"These essays are an innovative effort to identify and explain common themes in the foreign policy thinking and formulation of the world's most important aspiring powers. An attentive reader will come away with a sharper understanding of both the pace and the direction of global change and the implications of that change for American power abroad."-Jim Hoagland, The Washington Post

"The authors and editors of this volume should be commended for showing readers how the varied histories, religions, and traditions of leading countries inform their approach to world affairs. Policymakers and students alike will find this book essential reading as they struggle to make sense of and make policy in our 21st century world."- Walter Russell Mead, Henry A. Kissinger Senior Fellow for U.S. Foreign Policy, Council on Foreign Relations

"The old division of domestic and foreign policy is over. But the emerging foreign policy views of the rising powers are not well understood. I welcome this volume as a serious attempt to explain some of the big new forces reshaping the international system."-Rt. Hon. David Miliband, UK Foreign Secretary 2007-2010

"This volume is imaginatively conceived and wonderfully executed. Addressing this theme requires a combination of historical scholarship, political judgment, and analytical acuity. The essays in the volume display these qualities in ample measure. There is no volume of comparable scope. It ought to command wide readership."-Pratap Bhanu Mehta, President & Chief Executive, Centre for Policy Research

About the Author

*Henry R. Nau is Professor of Political Science at the Elliott School of International Affairs, George Washington University, and author of The Myth of America's Decline (Oxford UP).

*Deepa M. Ollapally is Associate Director of the Sigur Center for Asian Studies and Associate Research Professor at the Elliott School of International Affairs, George Washington University, and author of The Politics of Extremism in South Asia (Cambridge UP).

Link for Further Reading:

Iranian Foreign Policy After the Election:

طراحی و توسعه آگاه‌سیستم