Why US Extended Suspension of Anti-Iran Sanctions?

Tuesday, September 19, 2017


Fereydoun Majlesi
International analyst

During recent days, after the US government put new individuals and companies on the long list of Washington’s unilateral sanctions against Tehran, the US administration, in a contradictory measure, extended the suspension of nuclear-related sanctions against Iran. The US Department of State has alleged that extension of the suspension came in line with the 2015 nuclear agreement that Iran has signed with the P5+1 group of countries, including the United States. The nuclear agreement is also known as the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA). As a result, it seems that by extending the suspension of Iran's sanctions, US President Donald Trump wants to send a message to other parties to the nuclear agreement as well as the United Nations Security Council, telling them that the United States is still committed to the JCPOA as per international regulations and principles. In fact, since the P5+1 group of countries is still committed to the JCPOA, the United States cannot take any practical measure to leave the agreement in the light of the international law. Therefore, Washington does not want to be blamed for not observing its commitments under the JCPOA and does not want to be known as the sole party that has not remained committed to the nuclear deal. On Thursday, however, before extending the suspension of Iran's nuclear-related sanctions, the United States added new individuals and companies to the list of its unilateral sanctions against the Islamic Republic. Addition of the new individuals and companies to the aforesaid list has its root in age-old hostilities that characterize the relations between Iran and the United States. Therefore, when one talks about the United States and its policy toward Iran, the Zionist regime in Tel Aviv must be practically considered as part of that country and its policies. Moreover, as usual, the United States is bent on creating conditions under which it would be able to blame Iran for noncompliance with its commitments as per the JCPOA. All told, the measures taken by the United States with regard to Iran are considered to be aimed at mounting pressures on the Islamic Republic. By taking these measures, Washington is trying through piling up pressure on Tehran to affect international relations of Iran. In addition, in view of the fact that radical figures are now in power at the White House, it is no surprise that the United States wants to increase pressure on Iran. However, all political groups, parties and the overall power system in the United States are unanimous in their support for the Tel Aviv regime. In Iran, on the other hand, there is a group whose members are radical figures who are willing for confrontation to happen between the two countries, ignoring the fact that such radical tendencies will only make the situation worse. There is, however, hope that wise leaders in Iran would be able to prevent further escalation of the situation, because the United States’ hostile reactions and actions are simply related to insignificant issues while Iran has been following a moderate approach to all countries in the world during recent years and seeks constructive interaction with the international community. Therefore, there is no logical reason behind the United States’ belligerent behavior toward Iran. As a result, I personally believe that since the United States’ pressures on Iran are due to pressures jointly put on Washington by Riyadh and Tel Aviv, Iran must show itself committed to principles of international relations and pursue implementation of the United Nations Security Council’s resolutions. This is especially true because implementation of the Security Council’s resolutions will put tremendous pressure on Tel Aviv. The Security Council Resolution 242, for example, does not recognize occupation of the West Bank of the Jordan River by Israel while banning any settlement construction on the occupied Palestinian territories and imposing a two-state solution on Israel.



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*These views represent those of the author and are not necessarily Iran Review's viewpoints.

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