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Viewpoints of Muslim Scholars about Islamic Solidarity

Monday, May 12, 2008

Feqh Pazhoohan Journal 

Mentioning various viewpoints of Shiite and Sunni scholars, as leaders of this big group of humans, about importance of Islamic solidarity is needed to shed more light on the need for fostering unity and solidarity among Muslims. Let’s hope their remarks will help us take effective steps about Islamic unity.

Imam Khomeini, as the one who has revived Islam in contemporary times, has noted, “The society which divine prophets and holy Quran sought to establish is a united society which transcends the borders of nation and government.”

He added that division comes from Satan while unity comes from God.

“How could you think in terms of monotheism, worship a single God, believe that everything is done according to divine will, but remain indifferent toward other people’s destinies when it comes to practice?”

Also, Supreme Leader Ayatollah Khamenei has noted that “Islamic unity is an important issue which is realized through establishing contacts among spiritual leaders of Muslims and we have opened our arms to anybody who pursued to establish an Islamic body to serve Islam and defend the interests of Muslims.”

Allameh Amini, a researcher on the life of Prophet Mohammad (PBUH) and his progeny, has said, “The ideas and viewpoints of various denominations are different, but it will never end the brotherhood among them which has been stipulated by Quran (the faithful are brothers) even when verbal disputes reach their acme. This was the way that early Muslims including the disciples of Prophet Mohammad (PBUH) and their followers did.

“Despite all differences among us, we, the writers in every part of the Islamic world, are common in one thing despite differences in some principles. It is faith in God and Prophet Mohammad (PBUH). We are like bodies in which a single spirit flows and it is the spirit of Islam and monotheism. ”

Ayatollah Boroujerdi, who was a great advocate of unity in contemporary times, took many strides to foster unity among Muslims and cooperated with Dar ul-Taqrib Center in Egypt. He maintained that in order to bolster unity among Muslims they should rely on the hadith which is known as “Theqlain”.

Expounding on Islamic unity, Martyr Morteza Motahhari said, “It is obvious that what intellectual Muslim ulema mean by unity is not restricting Islamic schools of thought to one or accepting commonalties and totally rejecting differences (which is neither logical, nor desirable). But it means that Muslim should form a single front in the face of common enemies.”

Encouraging unity among Muslims, Ayatollah Seyed Mohammad Baqer Sadr said, “I have spent all my life trying to promote unity and brotherhood between Shiites and Sunnis and I have welcomed and supported any message and any idea which would led to unity between them. I am the son and brother of Sunnis just as much as I am the son and brother of Shiites.”

Also, Imam Mousa Sadr said about the necessity of unity among Muslims, “Consolidation of the ranks of Muslims has not only been emphasized by Prophet Mohammad (PBUH), but is also a logical and rational necessity on which our very survival hinges. When talking about Muslims’ unity I don’t mean that we must repeat it without practical effects, but I mean that unity should be integrated into all our thoughts and programs.”

Allameh Seyed Mohammad Hossein Tabatabaei emphasized on the need for Shiites and Sunnis to be pragmatic and said, “Shiites of early years after the advent of Islam never distanced from the ranks of Muslims and always joined hands with other Muslims in running social affairs. At present, it is obligatory for all Muslims to agree on the main principles of the sacred religion of Islam, learn lessons from all hardships they have suffered at the hands of foreigners, say goodbye to division, and form a united front.”

Seyed Qotb maintained that unity was the most pressing need for the Muslim ummah, expounding, “Muslims should take the Quranic phrase ‘that which is strongest’ as a guide and opt for the most urgent act, which is to become united as required by Quran. This is because the main condition for an action to be fruitful is that it should be general, so that, its effect would not be thwarted by division and choice of different ways.”

Sheikh Mohammad Hossein Kashif ul-Quta’ has noted that the Islamic ummah should be based on two ideas: monotheism and unity of word.

Sheikh Mohammad Ghazali also complained about religious disputes, saying, “Religion orders us to dispel differences and invites us to be united because the Almighty God has said, ‘snatch to the string of God all of you and don’t be divided’ and also ‘don’t fight because you would be weakened’. However, we have stood in the face of those orders and we fight each other in the name of religion. Every one of us goes their own way and is bigoted and treats their brothers in a hostile manner.”

Seyed Abdul-Hussein Sharaf ud-Din has noted, “Politics was the sole thing that divided Sunnis and Shiites since early days and it is now their duty to discard politics.”

Sheikh Mahmoud Shaltout, who cooperated with Ayatollah Boroujerdi in promoting unity among Muslims, also stresses on the need to get rid of prejudices and said, “Islam has not forced its followers to follow a certain school of thought. Ja'fari denomination, which is known as Twelve-Imam Shiism, is a school of thought which can be followed just in the same way that Sunnism can be followed. Therefore, it is obligation of Muslims to understand this fact and stay away from prejudices they have over a certain denomination because God’s religion is restricted to no demonization.”

Sheikh Muhammad Abdoh, a disciple of Seyed Jamal-en-din Assadabadi, maintained that division among Muslims was enemies’ plot and said, “Division and weakness of religions and denominations is a plot hatched by enemies. They have tried to weaken Islamic schools of thought by sowing the seeds of division among them and keep them away from the original commands of Islam. They aim to make Muslims suspicious towards each other and undermine their relationship with their religion.”

Source: Feqh Pazhoohan Journal

طراحی و توسعه آگاه‌سیستم