US Approaches and Plans for Iran

Thursday, June 16, 2011

Authors: Ali Abdollah-Khani & Abbas Kardan

Publisher: Tehran International Studies & Research Institute (TISRI)
Date: April 2011
ISBN: 978-964-526-147-2
Language: Persian
Pages: 531

History of the United States’ relations with Iran over the past half a century is punctuated with irresponsible, selfish, deceitful and hostile interventions in Iran’s internal affairs by various US governments. Highlights include military coup d’état staged on August 19, 1953; interventions in Iran during the height of the Islamic Revolution, supporting various coups by the army commanders and politicians affiliated to the past regime against the Islamic regime in early years following the Islamic Revolution; adopting irresponsible and hostile policies against Iran during war with Iraq; and targeting an Iranian passenger plane in 1989. The United States has taken various steps against the Islamic Republic of Iran which have gradually become more complicated over the past years. Supporting saboteur groups, supporting such terrorist groups as Pezhak and Tondar, supporting domestic unrests in Iran, intervention in Iran’s political affairs on grounds of human rights issues, and finally, imposing unilateral economic sanctions against Iran and against political, legal and military personalities are major examples of US intervention in Iran’s internal affairs.

“US Approaches and Plans for Iran” was first published in 2006 in five chapters and 220 pages. The original book had dedicated a full chapter to overall trends in the US national security strategy. Three other chapters discussed three major US approaches to Iran; that is, soft war approach, confrontational approach, and interaction approach. The chapter on soft war was highly welcomed by readers. The chapter discussed approaches, plans and strategies presented by the most important American think tanks and research centers on the soft war against the Islamic Republic of Iran.

New plans and projects formulated by the American officials on Iran and their renewed hope in reliving the past hegemonic relations on grounds of post-election turmoil has increased the need for enlightening people about approaches, plans and projects formulated by various American think tanks and research centers which sway high influence over the American foreign policy and are, in turn, under heavy influence of Zionists.

The present book contains corrections and appendices which reflect on new projects and plans devised by strategic centers in the United States following the tenth presidential election in Iran. It has been divided into two sections entitled “Important Foundations and Trends in the United States,” and “Decision-making Centers in the United States.” The book also contains 21 chapters and aims to answer the following question: “Which dominant model is used by the United States to confront Iran?” The answer to that axial question will be given after answering the following questions:

1. What approaches has the United States taken to Iran?
2. What important plans has the United States made on Iran and what are their contents?
3. Which institutionalized methods have been used by the Americans in their faceoff with the Islamic Republic?
4. Which active centers in the United States make decisions on and support the US foreign policy approach to Iran?

The first section of the book, “Important Foundations and Trends in the United States,” contains four chapters entitled: Forces; Discourses; Role of Decision-making Centers in Determining Foreign Policy of the United States; Forces and Factors Affecting Iran-US Relations; and American Options and Basic Methods in Dealing with Iran. Compared to the first edition in 2006, four important chapters have been added here, thus, adding rich content to the book. In this section, various approaches and options open to decision-making centers in the United States on Iran have been studied in relation to the Middle East peace process, war with Iraq, internal change and containment. Taking advantage of deviant political currents, negative propaganda against Iran’s nuclear activities, instigating ethnic separatists sentiments, implementing color revolutions in Iran, supporting dissidents, establishing and supporting nongovernmental organizations, supporting elites, and reducing international credit of the country are major methods used by the American decision-making centers against Iran.

The second section of the book, “Decision-making Centers in the United States,” has been subdivided into 16 chapters whose subjects have been sorted by the most important projects and the main decision-making centers and institutes in the United States which work on Iran. Their main approaches include the principle of war, change from within, containment, and reconciliation. The most important of those centers include the National Endowment for Democracy (NED), the Foundations of a Free Society, Hoover Institution, Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, Freedom House, the American Enterprise Institute for Public Policy Research, the Heritage Foundation, Foundation for Democracy in Iran, Council on Foreign Relations, Washington Institute for Near East Policy (WINEP), Cato Institute, Center for American Progress, American Foreign Policy Project, National Iranian American Council (NIAC), Brookings Institution, and the Committee on the Present Danger (CPD). In this section, 11 chapters have been added compared to 2006 edition and the content is more insightful and intuitive.

About the Author

Ali Abdollah-Khani received his Ph.D. from National Defense University (Tehran) in Political Science. He teaches political science in different Iranian universities and is the Chairman of Tehran International Studies & Research Institute (TISRI). He wrote numerous books and articles on national security, international affairs and middle east affairs. Abbas Kardan is the Research Reports Department Manager of Tehran International Studies and Research Institute (TISRI). He received his MA in Regional Studies from Tehran University. He has been awarded three times for translating different books into Persian, including the Year Book Award for translating “Geopolitics of the World System”.

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