Serbia Awards Iranian Neurosurgeon with ‘Medal of Merit’

Saturday, February 20, 2016

Compiled By: Firouzeh Mirrazavi
Deputy Editor of Iran Review

*Serbian Pres. awards Iranian neurosurgeon with ‘Medal of Merit’

World renowned neurosurgeon Prof. Madjid Samii received ‘Medal of Merit’ from Serbian President Tomislav Nikolić.

During a ceremony held on February 15, Serbia’s National Day, President Tomislav Nikolić honored 66 personalities and institutions with medals of merit.

Distinguished German-Iranian neurosurgeon Prof. Madjid Samii received Golden Order of Merit from President Nikolić who lauded Samii for his scientific achievements and long-term cooperation with Serbia.

For over 25 years. Prof. Samii has held cooperation with hospitals and medical centers in Serbia which are related to surgical and neurosurgical operations. Also, Serbian neurosurgeons receive training in a hospital in Germany where Dr. Samii is a member.

Professor Madjid Samii was the founding president and founding member of several national and international foundations and societies. He has received several prestigious national and international awards, honors and medals, including Golden Neuron Award and Leibniz Ring Prize in 2014 as well as the Friendship Award of the People's Republic of China.

He was also guest of honor in many neurosurgical meetings and had given more than 1000 lectures as special and invited lecturer in international congresses.

*Iranian professor elected NAE member

The National Academy of Engineering (NAE) has elected the Iranian scientist, Prof. Mohammad Shahidehpour as a new member along with 101 other scientists from around the globe.

Election to the National Academy of Engineering is among the highest professional distinctions accorded to an engineer. Academy membership honors those who have made outstanding contributions to 'engineering research, practice, or education, including, where appropriate, significant contributions to the engineering literature' and to 'the pioneering of new and developing fields of technology, making major advancements in traditional fields of engineering, or developing/implementing innovative approaches to engineering education.'

Individuals in the newly elected class will be formally inducted during a ceremony at the NAE’s Annual Meeting in Washington, D.C. on October 9, 2016. A list of the newly elected members and foreign members follows, with their primary affiliations at the time of election and a brief statement of their principal engineering accomplishments.

Mohammad Shahidepour, the Director of Robert W. Galvin Center for Electricity Innovation at Illinois Institute of Technology and the honorary professor at Sharif University of Technology in Iran, was elected for his contributions to the optimal scheduling of generation in a deregulated electricity market with variable renewable energy sources.

Founded in 1964, the U.S. National Academy of Engineering is a private, independent, nonprofit institution that provides engineering leadership in service to the nation. Its mission is to advance the well-being of the nation by promoting a vibrant engineering profession and by marshalling the expertise and insights of eminent engineers to provide independent advice to the federal government on matters involving engineering and technology.

*Iranian-led Group Develops New Theory for Universe Expansion

A team of US scientists has challenged the popular scientific model that the Universe — space, time, matter and energy — ballooned out from a very hot and dense point and inflated with a Big Bang into how we see the Universe today.

According to new research, there was a shorter secondary inflationary period that can account for the amount of dark matter estimated to exist throughout the cosmos, Zee News reported. 

“In general, a fundamental theory of nature can explain certain phenomena but it may not always end up giving you the right amount of dark matter,” said Hooman Davoudiasl, group leader at US Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory and an author of the paper.

“If you come up with too little dark matter you can suggest another source but having too much is a problem,” he added in a paper published in the journal Physical Review Letters. 

Measuring the amount of dark matter in the Universe is not an easy task. It is dark after all, so it doesn't interact in any significant way with ordinary matter.

Davoudiasl and his colleagues added a step to the commonly accepted events at the inception of space and time.In standard cosmology, the expansion of the Universe called ‘cosmic inflation’ began perhaps as early as 10-35 seconds after the beginning of time.

This explosive expansion of the entirety of space lasted mere fractions of a fraction of a second, eventually leading to a hot universe, followed by a cooling period that has continued until the present day.

Then, when the Universe was just seconds to minutes old — that is, cool enough — the formation of the lighter elements began.
“Between those milestones, there may have been other inflationary interludes,” said Davoudiasl.

Davoudiasl and his colleagues suggest that this inflationary period was powered by interactions in a hidden sector of physics. This milder period of inflation, characterized by a rapid increase in volume, would dilute primordial particle abundances, potentially leaving the Universe with the density of dark matter we observe today.

“It's definitely not the standard cosmology, but you have to accept that the Universe may not be governed by things in the standard way that we thought," the authors noted. “If this secondary inflationary period happens, it can be characterized by energies within the reach of experiments at accelerators such as the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) and the Large Hadron Collider," Davoudiasl suggested. Only time will tell if signs of a hidden sector show up in collisions within these colliders or in other experimental facilities.

*Iranian scientists win US NSF Award

Two Iranian scientists Negar Tavassolian and Babak Heidari won Stevens Award at US National Science Foundation (NSF).

Babak Heidari, is professor at Systems and Programming Faculty of the University and Negar Tavassolian is teaching at the ّaculty of Electronics and Computer Engineering. They both graduated from Iran’s Sharif Poly Technique University.

Heydari received an NSF CAREER Award to support development of a new theoretical framework based on game theory and complex network methods to model the impact of architecture of products and systems on technological innovation and market competition.

In addition, as part of his project, Heydari will create educational materials based on complexity sciences for children's science museum programs in New York City.

"We are increasingly relying on complex human-centric, socio-technical systems whose analysis, design and governance need new sets of lenses and perspectives. The traditional dichotomy of soft and hard sciences is disappearing, and we will be dealing with a continuum of methods and perspectives to tackle future problems such as complex systems," he notes.

"Some bridges have already been successfully built between otherwise isolated islands of traditional disciplines, but to go from a handful of bridges to a continuum of tools and methods useful for socio-technical systems requires a concerted effort by the academic community.

I am excited that an organization with the caliber of NSF has endorsed the interdisciplinary approach we are taking, and thankful that Stevens has given me this opportunity to define my research in a quite non-traditional way."

Heydari's other research at Stevens includes investigations in modeling hybrid human-autonomous networks; spatial diffusion of risk; and silicon-based communication circuits and systems.

Tavassolian received her NSF CAREER Award to begin an immediate project that will apply millimeter-wave technology to biomedical imaging applications in an effort to diagnose skin cancer tumors earlier and more effectively than is currently possible. By dividing bandwidths into channels, each equipped with small antenna units, she proposes to create higher-contrast, better-depth imagery; proof-of-concept experiments will be performed at Massachusetts General Hospital. As part of the project, Tavassolian will also create educational programs in partnership with Liberty Science Center in Jersey City and a new Stevens graduate-level course in the biomedical applications of electromagnetics.

"Skin cancer is the most common and fastest-growing of all cancer types, with more than 3.5 million new cases detected and billions of dollars of associated treatment costs in the U.S. last year alone," she notes. "Skin cancer is generally diagnosed through visual inspection by a dermatologist, who orders biopsy in cases where cancer is suspected, but visual inspection is subjective and susceptible to human errors. There is a definite need for the innovative, low-cost and portable imaging technology we are offering in this area."

Tavasollian's other work at Stevens includes research on radio frequency and microwave technologies, bioelectromagnetics and micro-electromechanical systems (MEMS) with additional biomedical applications. She previously performed research at MIT's David H. Koch Institute for Integrative Cancer Research, investigating a magnetic relaxation-based platform for non-invasive monitoring of patients' hydration states. 

*Iran nominated for Energy Globe Award 2015

Tehran’s sewerage project has been nominated for the Energy Globe Award 2015, which is one of the most prestigious environmental awards, the Energy Globe website reported.

Eligible for participation are projects with a focus on saving resources, improving air, soil, or water quality, increasing energy efficiency, using renewables, as well as anyone making a contribution towards the fight against climate change.

With the largest wastewater treatment plant in the Middle East, Iran is listed among 15 finalists such as Demark, Australia, Canada, Ethiopia, Nepal, Switzerland, and etc. which are competing against each other in the five categories of earth, fire, water, air, and youth.

Iran’s rivals in the category of water are China and United Republic of Tanzania.

On January 19, Tehran will be the stage for the best environmental projects. It is a memorable event since this awarding ceremony will be the first worldwide TV broadcast after the lifting of sanctions.

This year, more than 177 national winners have already been awarded, and more than 80 of them have announced their coming to Tehran.

Wolfgang Neumann, the CEO of the Energy Globe Foundation, expressed happiness over Iran’s nomination along with 14 other finalists.

Neumann made the remarks during a visit to Tehran’s sewerage treatment plant, IRIB reported.

He additionally thanked Iran’s cooperation to sustainable energies projects, adding that Tehran’s sewerage project is pretty effective in preventing air pollution, generating energy, and promoting agriculture.

The Energy Globe Award was founded in 1999 by the Austrian energy pioneer Neumann and is one of today’s most prestigious environmental awards. Projects submitted from over 170 countries take part each year in the awards.

Goal of the Award is to present successful sustainable projects for many of our environmental problems. By audience and/or online voting the Energy Globe World Award winner is selected from among the five category winners. The 1st prize in each category is endowed with 10,000 euro cash award. 

*Iranian researcher wins Sweden’s prestigious scientific award

The Royal Swedish Academy of Engineering Sciences has awarded a prize to an Iranian researcher, Mohsen Esmaily, for having made a breakthrough in his research on Magnesium alloys.

Iranian researcher Mohsen Esmaily, at Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden, has received several funding sources and awards for his great achievement in the field of Materials Science and Engineering, the most recent of which is the prestigious prize from the Royal Swedish Academy of Engineering Sciences.

Dr. Esmaily’s research has been centered on the microstructure and properties of light metallic alloys, such as Magnesium and aluminum alloys, as well as metal matrix composites (MMCs), used in many engineering sectors. "These materials are extremely important for future sustainable society," said he.

Magnesium is the lightest structural metal, yet the most reactive one. In fact, the poor corrosion resistance of Magnesium alloys remains as a vital barrier to their widespread adoption in transportation industries. Thus, Magnesium alloys producers have been, for over a century, working to improve the corrosion behavior by developing new, more corrosion-resistant, alloys and also by means of various coatings systems.

Esmaily’s work demonstrates, in a completely new way, that it is possible to significantly improve alloys corrosion properties through tailoring the alloys’ microstructure, which increases the possibilities to reduce the weight of vehicles.

“In transportation industry (e.g., cars, trains and airplanes) where every kilogram reduced is crucial, there would be a transition to the newly developed Magnesium alloys, meaning that the new compounds are 30 percent lighter than today's most commonly used lightweight components made of Aluminum alloys. This is virtually a big step forward when it comes to reducing fuel consumption and CO2 emissions,” Esmaily said.

The results of his research shows that the newly developed Magnesium alloys exhibit up to four times better corrosion resistance than conventional (or commercial) alloys. The new knowledge has been made possible through a combination of unique exposure modes and a variety of advanced methods of analysis.

“We will be able to create cast Magnesium alloys constructions that corrode much slower and also have better strength than before by controlling the microstructure of the alloy,” he said.

Over the last two years, Mohsen Esmaily has written over 30 articles, most of which are already published and the rest will be published in scientific journals in near future. In these papers, 22 of which he has penned as the main author, he reports possible solutions for a more extensive usage of Magnesium and Aluminum alloys in vehicles. Several of the articles published by Dr. Esmaily and his co-workers have had a major impact and were the year's most downloaded from different high-ranking journals in the year 2015.

*Iran ranks seventh in Statnano 2015

Iran with publication of 6,160 articles on nano ranks seventh in the world, according to Statnano which released its latest World Ranking of ISI Indexed Nano-Articles in 2015.

Statnano, established in 2010, is a gateway to the latest information and statistics in nano-based science, technology and industry. Statnano's mission is to monitor the status of nanotechnology development and policies in the world.

Statistics, published on Statnano database website, showed that a total of 130,623 ISI indexed nano-articles were published worldwide in 2015 indicating a growth of 1.6 percent compared to the figure for 2014, Mehr News Agency reported.

The top three ranks in the publication of nano-articles in 2015 were taken by China, the US and India with the publication of 44,493, 21,750, and 9,867 articles respectively. A growth of 7.99 percent and 0.5 percent was observed in the number of nano-articles published by China and India respectively in 2015 against the figure for 2014 while a decrease of 2.65 percent was seen in the number of nano-articles published by the US.

Iran ranked first in nanoscience generation as indicated by local share index with a percentage of 22.87, while Moldova and Singapore possessed the subsequent rankings with 22.37 percent and 19.34 percent respectively.

A total of 1,360,520 ISI indexed articles were published in 2015 showing a decrease of 4.42 percent against the number for 2014.
The US, China and Germany have published the highest number of ISI indexed articles worldwide.

*Iranian receives prestigious award

An Iranian researcher has won the CERN CMS Experiment FPS Special Recognition Award.

Esmaeil Eskandari, a PhD student of Particles and Accelerators School of the Institute for Research in Fundamental Sciences, Tehran, received the prize from Professor Joseph Incandela, one of the most outstanding CMS researchers, for the CMS Fundamental Physics Scholarship Committee during the CMS Week awards ceremony on Nov. 30.

Eskandari’s project, which entitled him for the prize, was Search for Resonant and Non-Resonant Higgs Pair Production in bbVV∗ Decay Channel through Semi-Letonic Final States.

Two years ago, Reza Goldouzian, a PhD student of Particles and Accelerators School of Institute for Research in Fundamental Sciences, received the same prize.

The CMS Fundamental Physics Scholarship Award is a prestigious annual award of CMS experiment at the CERN Large Hadron Collider (LHC) in experimental particle physics. It comprises two awards, a Scholarship Award which is granted to an outstanding young CMS researcher and also Special Recognition Award which is presented to a few excellent young CMS researchers.

The Large Hadron Collider is the world's largest and most powerful particle collider, the largest, most complex experimental facility ever built, and the largest single machine in the world. It was built by the European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN) between 1998 and 2008 in collaboration with over 10,000 scientists and engineers from over 100 countries, including Iran, as well as hundreds of universities and laboratories.

*Iranian wins in Asian Nuclear Medicine Board Examination

Dr. Narjess Khatoon Ayati of Mashhad University of Medical Sciences won the first place at the Asian Nuclear Medicine Board Examination.

Dr. Narjess Khatoon Ayati is an assistant professor of the nuclear medicine department of Mashhad University of Medical Sciences. She became first at the exam, which was held in Korea, competing with 45 specialists. 

In 2011, the Iranian physician received the Nuclear Medicine Board in Iran and in 2012 she received the board of the same field in Europe.

The title of the top researcher in Finland and the 2014 Marie Curie Prize are among her other achievements.

*Iranian dentist wins European Business Management Award

The European Business Management Award was granted to Iranian dentist Behnam Shakibaie.

The award was granted in Croatia’s capital Zagreb by Victor Mihalich, the chief of European Economic Management Organization, IRNA reported.

Mohammad Ebrahim Taherinfard, the Iranian ambassador to Croatia, was also present in the ceremony.

Shakibaie who has already received several international awards for his achievements and inventions related to his work says the award is important to him as it is the first time he is wining an award for business management.

The award has been granted since 2003 to the leading and the most successful business managers of the world.

*Iranian student wins in UCMAS competition

A 10-year-old Iranian student, from the northwestern Iranian city of Ardebil, won at 20th Abacus & Mental Arithmetic Competition 2015 held in New Delhi.

Meshkat Mohammad Bagheri competed with 8000 students in an exam which only took eight minutes.

Iranian students have been attending the contest since the last three years and they have indeed stunned the world with their talent.

In the latest edition, 60 students from Iran attended the competition of which three were from Ardebil.

UCMAS is a unique and a scientifically proven concept that has helped millions of children in various countries all over the world.

This method is an internationally acclaimed powerful mental development program for children aged 4-12 years.

The Universal Concept of Mental Arithmetic System (UCMAS) has sparked a revolution in the education industry worldwide.

*UN Equator Prize Goes to Iranian NGO

The Umbrella Group of Naghadeh NGOs is to receive one of the 21 awards of the coveted United Nations’ Equator Prize.

The award will be conferred on 7 December at the COP21 event in Paris. This is the first time an organization from Iran receives this prestigious award. Over 1,400 communities from all over the world were considered.

The Umbrella Group of Naghadeh NGOs has worked to support the recovery of the satellite wetlands of Lake Urmia, situated in north-west Iran. Their contribution has revitalized a number of Urmia Lake satellite wetlands.

The project is supported by the Global Environment Facility (GEF) Small Grants Programme (SGP) implemented by UNDP.

On learning the news, UN Resident Coordinator and UNDP Resident Representative in Iran, Mr. Gary Lewis, congratulated the Umbrella Group of Naghadeh NGOs for their success. He noted this achievement reflects a high level of recognition for one of the many sustainable development efforts which the UN is supporting in Iran.

“This will further contribute to an understanding that the environment must be seen as a human development issue for the future,” he said.

The Equator Prize, which aims to recognize collective action, commended the innovative and collaborative approach taken by the seven community NGOs connected to Naghadeh. These community initiatives cooperated to restore and conserve satellite wetlands surrounding Lake Urmia. The effort succeeded in restoring over 1,600 hectares of valuable wetland areas.

The Equator Prize is the flagship programme of the Equator Initiative, a partnership bringing together the UN, governments, civil society, businesses, and grassroots organizations to advance sustainable development solutions. This international award recognizes outstanding community efforts to reduce poverty, protect nature and strengthen resilience in the face of climate change.

*Iranian researchers develop medical robotic assistant

Iranian researchers from the Islamic Azad University, Science and Research Branch, have developed a medical robotic assistant by combining polygonal robot with mechatronic arms.

Arash Ahmadnia who leads the research team said the polygonal robot has been designed at a laboratorial scale for children aged 2-10 years old.

He explained that a polygonal robot is a multi-purpose robot in various industries with two mechatronic arms attached to its edges and applicable in medical and relief fields. 

“The medical robotic assistant has six main edges, each with one degree of freedom, so there are three degrees of freedom at each side of the robot,” he said.

“At the end of the third and sixth edges, a pair of arms with five degrees of freedom and a modular operator has been attached which allows the user to conduct analyses and evaluate the type of injury with only thirty percent less ability than a human,” he explained.

Ahmadinia further added that this function can be highly useful in the case of contagious and viral diseases which poses great risks for the present doctors.

Noting that the robot sends images to the doctor through the cameras installed on its arms, Ahmadinia added “the medical robotic assistant is able to move in all directions which increases the efficiency of the robots in medical environments.”

The medical robotic assistant has been developed in collaboration with Maryam Ghanati, a nuclear engineering undergraduate student at the Islamic Azad University, Science and Research Branch.

*Source: UNDPPress TV, Real Iran, ISNA, Iran Daily, Mehr News, IRNA