Sustainable Energy Strategy for Iran

Friday, August 12, 2016

By: Saeed Moshiri, University of Saskatchewan Canada & Stefan Lechtenböhmer, Wuppertal Institute, Germany

Co-authored By: Iranian and German scientists: Saeed Moshiri, Stefan Lechtenböhmer, Farideh Atabi, Katharina Knoop, Mohssen Massarrat, Mohammad Hassan Panjeshahi, Magdolna Prantner, Dieter Seifried, Nikolaus Supersberger
Publisher: Wuppertal Inst. for Climate, Environment and Energy
Place of Publication: Wuppertal
Year of Publication: 2015
Page Number: 196
Series Title (German): Wuppertal Spezial
Volume: 51
ISBN: 978-3-929944-98-3
Language: English
Department: Zukünftige Energie- und Mobilitätsstrukturen

Iran is a country endowed with rich natural resources, including high amounts of fossil and renewable energies and a young and growing population. If properly utilised and appreciated, these are key assets for a bright future. However, due to low energy prices, subsidised energy consumption and other factors today Iran has a high per-capita energy consumption and very low economic output per unit of energy consumed. Furthermore, low energy prices and subsidies constitute a major hurdle to innovation and economic development, have a negative impact on the public budget and foster environmental pollution.

Thus, implementing a sustainable energy strategy would have multiple benefits for Iran and for the international community. However, changing existing trends into new and more promising developments requires a clear analysis of the current situation and the rationales behind it. It also involves a thorough analysis of the potentials for change and the challenges and opportunities associated with more active focusing of energy policy and a more efficient and sustainable energy system.

The book shows that the implementation of a sustainable energy strategy in Iran provides the opportunity for further economic and social development. In this context, the aim of the book is to provide some of the analyses needed to rethink the country's energy strategy and to grasp the chances. The authors hope to make a contribution to the emerging and rapidly growing discussion within Iran as well as between Iran and other countries such as Germany on better energy alternatives and the respective opportunities for investment, innovation and modernisation.

The work presented in the book should provide ideas for such opportunities and create a vision of how this could contribute towards developing a more sustainable, efficient and prosperous future energy system for Iran.

The book is based on long-term academic cooperation between Iranian researchers from several universities and the Iranian Energy Association and German researchers from the Wuppertal Institute for Climate, Environment and Energy, Büro Ö-quadrat and the University of Osnabrück. The initiative started in 2003 to assemble acquired knowledge on strategies regarding sustainable energy and make the most recent and up-to-date research accessible to Iran and its scientific and political institutions. The book in hand is an important result of the collaboration. So its publication lends itself to taking stock of these twelve years of continued cooperation.

Table of Contents

1. Introduction
2. Economy and Energy in Iran; an Overview
3. Historical Trends and Future Energy Consumption
4. Alternative Scenarios
5. Renewable Energy Sources
6. Policies to Promote Energy Efficiency
7. Combined Heat and Power (CHP)
8. Energy Price Reform and Efficiency

Wuppertal Institute

The Wuppertal Institute undertakes research and develops models, strategies and instruments for transitions to a sustainable development at local, national and international level. Sustainability research at the Wuppertal Institute focuses on the resources, climate and energy related challenges and their relation to economy and society. Special emphasis is put on analysing and stimulating innovations that decouple economic growth and wealth from natural resource use.