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Iran's 11th Presidential Election (No. 6): Statistical Review of Presidential Elections in Iran

Thursday, May 16, 2013

Which Elections Saw Highest/Lowest Turnout?

The Islamic Republic of Iran has had six presidents during the past 35 years. The first two presidents failed to complete their four-year terms in office. The first president (Abolhassan Banisadr) was impeached and removed from his post before fleeing Iran for France. The second president (Mohammad Ali Rajaei) was assassinated in a blast which targeted the prime minister’s office building. Every one of the subsequent presidents, who took charge of the Iranian Executive power, spent two consecutive terms in office.

The first presidential election

- Date of holding: January 25, 1980
- Elected president: Abolhassan Banisadr with 10,753,752 votes
- Second runner: Ahmad Madani
- No. of presidential hopefuls: 124
- Final contestants: 95
- No. of eligible voters: 20,993,643
- No. of voters: 14, 152, 887
- Percent of participation: 67.4

Banisadr’s term in office as presidnet did not last longer than 17 months. During that period, he gradually came to loggerheads with almost all revolutoinary institutions and in addition to showing disregard for the Iranian parliament (Majlis) legislations, he offered his support to such notorious groups as the Mojahedeen-e Khalq Organization. As a result, the late founder of the Islamic Republic, Imam Khomeini, gave an order on June 10, 1981, relieving Banisadr from his post as commander in chief of the armed forces. Eleven days after Imam Khomeini issued his order, that is, on June 21, 1981, the Iranian Majlis passed a bill approving that Banisadr was not qualified to continue in his post as the president. Finally, on June 22, 1981, and following parliamentary approval of the aforesaid bill, Imam Khomeini wrote the answer to a Majlis letter, removing Banisadr from his post as president of the Islamic Republic.

Second presidential election

- Date of holding: July 24, 1981
- Elected president: Mohammad Ali Rajaei with 12,770,050 votes
- Second runner: Abbas Sheibani
- No. of presidential hopefuls: 71
- Final contestants: 4
- No. of eligible voters: 22,687,017
- No. of voters: 14, 573, 803
- Percent of participation: 64.2

On August 30, 1981, Mohammad Ali Rajaei, the president, and Mohammad Javad Bahonar, the prime minister, along with a group of other Cabinet members were assassinated in an explosion set off by a bomb which was planted at the premier’s office.

Third presidential election

- Date of holding: October 2, 1981
- Elected president: Ayatollah Seyed Ali Khamenei with 15,905,987 votes
- Second runner: Akbar Parvaresh
- No. of presidential hopefuls: 46
- Final contestants: 4
- No. of eligible voters: 22,687,017
- No. of voters: 16,847,717
- Percent of participation: 74.2

Fourth presidential election

- Date of holding: August 16, 1985
- Elected president: Ayatollah Seyed Ali Khamenei with 12,205,012 votes
- Second runner: Habibollah Askarowladi

- No. of presidential hopefuls: 50
- Final contestants: 3
- No. of eligible voters: 25,993,802
- No. of voters: 14,238,587
- Percent of participation: 54.7

Fifth presdiential election

- Date of holding: July 28, 1989
- Elected president: Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani with 15,550,528 votes
- Second runner: Abbas Sheibani
- No. of presidential hopefuls: 79
- Final contestants: 2
- No. of eligible voters: 30,139,598
- No. of voters: 16,452,677
- Percent of participation: 54.6

Sixth presidential election

- Date of holding: June 11, 1993
- Elected president: Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani with 10,556,499 votes
- Second runner: Ahmad Tavakkoli
- No. of presidential hopefuls: 128
- Final contestants: 4
- No. of eligible voters: 33,156,055
- No. of voters: 16,769,787
- Percent of participation: 50.5

7th presidential election

- Date of holding: May 23, 1997
- Elected president: Mohammad Khatami with 20,138,784 votes
- Second runner: Ali Akbar Nateq Nouri
- No. of presidential hopefuls: 238
- Final contestants: 4
- No. of eligible voters: 36,466,486
- No. of voters: 29,145,745
- Percent of participation: 79.9

Eighth presiential election

- Date of holding: June 8, 2001
- Elected president: Mohammad Khatami with 21,659,053 votes
- Second runner: Ahmad Tavakkoli
- No. of presidential hopefuls: 814
- Final contestants: 10
- No. of eligible voters: 42,170,230
- No. of voters: 28,081,930
- Percent of participation: 66.6

Ninth presidential election

First round

- Date of holding: June 17, 2005

Hopefuls making their way into the second round

- Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani with 6,190,122 votes
- Mahmoud Ahmadinejad with 5,718,129 votes
- No. of hopefuls: 1,014
- Final contestants: 8
- No. of eligible voters: 46,768,418
- No. of voters: 29,400,857
- Percent of participation: 62.8

2nd round

- Date of holding: June 24, 2005
- Elected president: mahmoud Ahmadinejad with 17,248,782 votes
- No. of voters: 27,958,931
- Percent of participation: 59.8

10th presidential election

- Date of holding: June 12, 2009
- Elected president: Mahmoud Ahmadinejad with 24,527,516 votes
- Second runner: Mir-Hossein Mousavi
- No. of presidential hopefuls: 475
- Final contestants: 4
- No. of eligible voters: 46,199,997
- No. of voters: 39,165,191
- Percent of participation: 85

The highest and the lowest

• The 10th presidential election was held on June 12, 2009. In terms of people’s turnout, it stood first among all the elections held by the Islamic Republic following the victory of the Islamic Revolution with a turnout figure of about 85 percent.

• Out of six presidents who have been elected through 10 presidential elections in the past 34 years, Ayatollah Seyed Ali Khamenei has won the highest number of votes in the third presidential election by getting 95.03 percent of people’s votes.

• The lowest degree of people’s participation in presidential election stood at 50.66 percent which happened on June 11, 1993, while the highest turnout was recorded in the 10th presidential election at 85 percent on June 12, 2009.

• The highest number of presidential hopefuls qualified to run for presidency pertains to the first presidential election with 107 qualified hopefuls and the lowest number of qualified hopefuls was recorded for the fifth presidential election with only 2 qualified hopefuls.

• The highest number of hopefuls registering for presidential race pertained to the ninth presidential poll with 1,014 hopefuls, while the lowest number of registered hopefuls was recorded at 46 for the third presidential election.

Source: MASHREGHNEWS.ir
http://www.mashreghnews.ir
Translated By: Iran Review.Org

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*Iran's 11th Presidential Election (No. 3): Notes on Elections in Iran

*Iran's 11th Presidential Election (No. 2): Political Array of Iran Presidential Election

*Iran's 11th Presidential Election (No. 1): Facts and Figures