Shiraz’s Enchanting Gardens

Monday, April 6, 2009
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Shiraz, the cultural capital of Iran, has since old times been known as the city of flowers and nightingales. The city’s beautiful gardens are renowned worldwide and visitors always leave this city with beautiful memories.

Afifabad or Golshan Garden

This is one of the most enchanting gardens of Shiraz. Built by Mirza Mohammad Khan Qavam-ul-Molk, a prominent dignitary, it extends over 13 hectares.

A two-storey building in this garden is decorated with magnificent plasterwork. The pillars of this building resemble those of Persepolis and are made of plaster. The big hall of this building has paintings depicting bas-reliefs of Persepolis. There is a large pond with a stone edge in front of the building. The building’s reflection in this pond enhances the beauty of the garden.

The basement of this building is used as a museum for weapons. Guns belonging to Qajar monarchs, including Fath Ali Shah, Nassereddin Shah and Mozaffareddin Shah, as well as the gun of the renowned freedom fighter, Raees-Ali Delvari, are on display. The bathhouse and traditional teahouse of the building have been renovated.

Nazar Garden

Another historic garden of Shiraz is Nazar, where Zandieh Museum is located in its Kolah-Farangi Building. In the past, the building was used for hosting foreign ambassadors or official ceremonies.

Kolah-Farangi Building was converted into Pars Museum in 1936. The exterior of the building is decorated with pretty tileworks, the patterns of which consist of flowers, plants, birds, hunting and the scenes of coronation of Soleiman (AS). The building has a central domed hall and four royal chambers located in the north, south, east and west directions. In the middle of the hall is a beautiful marble pond. The ceiling of the building is decorated with attractive embellishments.

The tomb of Karim Khan Zand is situated in the eastern royal chamber. Sections of this hall exhibit 11 paintings by famous painters of Zandieh era, the most famous of whom is Aqa Sadeq.

Eram Garden

This garden was established during the Seljuk period by officials.

A wall separates the garden into two sections. Eram Garden is especially famous for its citrus trees and a long street on the two sides of the garden is lined with cypress trees. While citrus trees perish during cold weather, cypress trees have stood the test of time in the past 50 years.

It contains a building, which was used by Qashqaei tribes for hosting guests. Its central hall was used for resting in hot summer days. A stream of water passes through this hall.

The walls and floor of the hall are covered with colorful tiles. The northern window of the hall gives a beautiful view of hills located along the banks of a river. In this building, like in many other buildings of Shiraz, shiny tiles and exquisitely cut stones are used as decoration.

Jahan Nama Garden

This is one of the oldest gardens of Shiraz situated near the tomb of towering Iranian poet, Hafez. During the rule of Teymur Gourkani, he paid special attention to this garden. He actually built a garden in Samarqand, which is his birthplace, and named it Jahan Nama.

The garden was also important during the rule of Safavid Dynasty. Karim Khan Zand renovated this garden and built a two-storey building in it. The garden has been renovated in recent years by Shiraz Municipality.

Delgosha Garden

This historic garden dates back to the Sassanid era. It enjoyed prominence during the reign of Safavid kings. It is located in northeast Shiraz.

Renovated during the Qajar era, the garden takes on a more beautiful appearance in spring because of its blooming tangerine trees.

Source: Iran Daily

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