Security Council Endorsement Prevents Possible Violation of Iran Nuclear Deal

Wednesday, March 18, 2015

Hossein Valeh
Faculty Member of Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran; Iran's Former Ambassador to Algeria

Iran's nuclear talks with the P5+1 group of world powers is reaching a sensitive and determining stage. At present, both negotiating sides are trying to get any possible agreement to end Iran's nuclear challenge rubberstamped by the United Nations Security Council. The following points are noteworthy in this regard.

Firstly, from the viewpoint of Islamic Republic, the so-called Iran's nuclear crisis is nothing but a collection of unproven accusations leveled against Iran's peaceful nuclear program by international community. In some cases, such accusations are the result of ambiguities and misunderstandings, and in other cases, they stem from goals pursued by other parties, which have played a key role in the evolution of this serious crisis. At present, since major international political players have found out about the peaceful nature of Iran's nuclear program and have realized the necessity for changing their wrong decisions on Iran, they should take steps to change the course of this case. As a result, they should make any effort to have the UN Security Council’s sanctions resolutions against Iran repealed by the same council, so that a change of course on Iran's nuclear case could be possible within the framework of new resolution of the Security Council.

Secondly, at the time being, there are two proposals on the table. The first proposal wants the final text of a comprehensive agreement between Iran and the P5+1 group of countries to be endorsed by the UN Security Council. The second proposal requires an independent resolution to be adopted by the Security Council on the final agreement. Although there are certain differences between these proposals, from the viewpoint of their final outcome, they are nearly similar and will ultimately lead to almost similar legal obligations for both negotiating sides.

Thirdly, if an agreement between Iran and the P5+1 group is confirmed through adoption of a UN Security Council resolution, it will be followed by very important results. Such a resolution will automatically do away with the legal impact of the Security Council’s sanctions resolutions. In this state, even unilateral and multilateral sanctions imposed on Iran outside the Security Council framework will be also render null and void. This is true as such sanctions were based on an international consensus against Iran's nuclear work and when that basis is lost, all sanctions that have been imposed on that basis will lose legitimacy as well. An agreement rubberstamped by the Security Council will also reduce or totally dispel concerns that are currently causing problems for international cooperation with Iran. Correcting the global viewpoint on Iran and mending Iran's fences with various world countries will come at a high pace after the adoption of such a resolution. In fact, the psychological conditions that have come about as a result of sanctions will collapse as a result of this measure and the circle of those who are opposed to a nuclear deal with Iran will narrow down and they will find themselves in an even more difficult situation.

At the same time, the mere proposal for the adoption of a resolution by the permanent members of the Security Council is indicative of a number of important developments.

Firstly, it proves that the world powers have come to realize the failure of their past policy, which sought to isolate Iran, and have admitted to the failure of their Iranophobic scenario which aimed to tarnish the international image of Iran. Now, they have decided to build their relations with Iran on a totally new basis. On the other hand, this resolution proves the international community’s need to Iran's constructive role in solving not only regional problems, but those problems of international import. It is also an indication that anti-Iran players and those groups that are against a final deal with the Islamic Republic have become more and more isolated among international community. This means that Israel’s efforts to prevent détente between Iran and international community have hit a brick wall.

Under current circumstances that chances for a final nuclear agreement have increased more than any time before, confirmation of a political agreement between Iran and the P5+1 group by the Security Council will strengthen its legal obligations and prevent possible violations later. From a legal viewpoint, decisions of the Security Council are binding for all members of the United Nations.

Although, from a political viewpoint, there is still a chance that the agreement may be violated later, but the support of a Security Council resolution will make such violations very difficult and, of course, costly. Any government that may want to violate such an agreement in defiance of the Security Council’s decision would have to pay a heavy price.

Key Words: Security Council, Violation of Iran Nuclear Deal, Iran's Nuclear Talks, P5+1, Sanctions Resolutions, Valeh

Source: Iran Newspaper
Translated By: Iran Review.Org

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