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Occupational Ethics in Iranian and Islamic Civilization

Tuesday, December 7, 2010

Active ImageAhad Faramarz Qara-Maleki et al

Institute for Cultural and Social Studies; Ministry of Science, Research and Technology

2nd Edition, Spring 2009

The global approach to situation of various ethical covenants and regulations and serious efforts made to establish and strengthen various civil and ethical organizations and institutions in recent years are all telltale signs of new trends to review role and functions of human ethics in dynamism of social relations and are indicative of a broad-based determination to generate a scientific and developing trend in ethical endeavors both at national and international levels.

Despite its historical and civilizational backdrop and glamorous cultural and religious heritage, the situation of Iran in terms of development of occupational ethics is not fit for its historical status in comparison to industrialized countries of the west and even progressive eastern societies.

The present text is the result of a research conducted by Ministry of Science, Research and Technology’s Institute for Cultural and Social Studies in cooperation with the Ethics Department of University of Tehran’s Faculty of Divinity. It consists of 27 articles written by specialists which have been organized in four parts. The first part, Occupational Ethics in Ancient Iran, comprises five articles: Over the Treasure (which is about the current situation of occupational ethics in contemporary society and history of occupational ethics in ancient Iran, the Islamic society, and western societies); Occupational and Vocational Ethics in Ancient Iran; Equitable Wages under Achaemenid Rule; Ethical Values in Sassanid Era; and Occupational Ethics under the Rule of Pishdadi and Kiyani Kings.

The second part of the book consists of fourteen articles: Role of the Independence of Judges in Judicial Ethics; Justice of the Judge on the Basis of Judicial Occupational Ethics; Fundaments and Models of Occupational Ethics in Nahj-ul-Balagha; Trusteeship and its Occupational Dimensions; Factors and Consequences of Occupational Trusteeship; Jurisprudential and Legal Aspects of Trusteeship; Trusteeship in Occupational Ethics; Analysis of Dimensions and Effects of Cheating in Trade; Illegal forms of Trade; Deceitful Dealing; Ethical Fundaments and Principles of Teaching Philosophy of Islamic Ethics; as well as Labor and Workers’ Rights in Islam.

The third part is entitled “Occupational Ethics in the Islamic Civilization” and includes five articles: Ethical Valuation of Themes of Artworks by Farabi; Duties and Powers of Institutions Supervising Citizens’ Behavior in the Islamic Civilization; Meritocracy in Rasael from Theory to Practice; Occupational Ethics and Religious Beliefs in the Iranian Markets (between 8th and 12th centuries AH); and Ethical Responsibility toward Public Interests under Safavid Rule.

The last part of the book, which is entitled “Challenges and Comparative Study,” has been dedicated to comparative discussions and case studies focused on new challenges. It consists of four articles: Lawmakers’ Ethics; Comparative Study of Trade Ethics in the Modern World and Islam; Role of Organizational Excellence in Promoting Ethics in an Organization; and Practical Solution to Formulate Organizational Ethical Charter.

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