Motivations for Opposing the Nuclear Agreement

Wednesday, July 29, 2015

Hossein Valeh
Faculty Member of Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran; Iran's Former Ambassador to Algeria

Foreign opponents of Iran's nuclear deal have different motivations for their opposition. The difference in motivations leads to difference in behaviors. Therefore, this difference should be taken into account when a reaction is going to be shown. The reasons that Israeli leaders have to oppose Iran's nuclear deal have commonalities with the reasons mentioned by some other regional countries when explaining their opposition to the nuclear agreement, including concerns about improvement in Iran's relations with the West. However, there are essential differences between motivations of these two groups, which are much more important than their commonalities. All these opponents try to hide the main reason behind their opposition under various covers as a result of political exigencies. Therefore, instead of taking position on their pretexts, position should be taken on the real goals of these countries.

Israel has its own really strategic and tactical reasons to feel threatened by improvement of ties between Iran and the West, but tries to intentionally hide those reasons under media hue and cry. At strategic level, the first goal on which all powerful factions within Israel’s Hebrew regime agree is to maintain conditions of instability and continuous aggrandizement of the security threat in the region, so that, their Western allies would have to continue their support for Israel and turn a blind eye on its incessant crimes, thus reducing pressure that they exert on Tel Aviv to change its behavior.

The second goal – which is as much or even more important for the leaders of Israel – is to hide the real existential threat with which the Hebrew regime in Tel Aviv is currently faced. The public opinion in the world is gradually becoming aware of the aggressive and warmongering nature of the regime in Tel Aviv and leaders of the Western democracies have become doubtful about paying the high price of protecting this regime.

Conditions for Israel have become so worrisome that if their powerful lobby in the United States fails in making political leaders in Washington support Israel, this regime will face a fundamental threat. Therefore, Tel Aviv feels that through exaggerated propaganda about the so-called Iran threat, it must hide that real existential threat in order for its citizens to feel secure, like they did in the past years, and continue to back the policies of the Israel.

The third goal that Israel pursued through aggrandizement of Iran's existential threat, which is not a new allegation, is to prevent domestic political rivals from securitization of conditions inside Israel in order to use it to their own benefit.

At a technical level, Tel Aviv needs a remarkable victory in another war in order to both make up for its consecutive failures in the past decade and defuse their untoward effect, while scaring the Arab world in order to weaken the anti-Israel resistance and make Arab states give in to Israel’s conditions, thus, bolstering security and power of Israel. Israel, however, cannot win any new war on its own. Therefore, it has been trying for many years to find an excuse and get the United States involved in a possible war with Iran, so that it would be able to meet its goals through instrumental use of the US Army. The insistence of US President Barack Obama that the opponents of the nuclear deal should reveal their true intent, which is to wage war against Iran, and his emphasis that American people do not want another war, show that the leaders of the free world are well aware of Israel’s calculations, but do not agree with them.

The common concerns of Iran's regional rivals and Israel about the risk of propinquity between Iran and the West should not cause the different nature of these concerns to be ignored. For Iran's rivals, Israel is still the enemy and Iran is a paradoxical subject because, on the one hand, they see Iran as an existential threat to Israel, not for themselves, and on the other hand, they consider Iran a reliable country, which can be trusted under special circumstances. On the other hand, they believe the role that Iran has played in Middle East’s crises during the recent decades has caused them serious trouble. Small but important victories, which the Islamic resistance has gained against Israel through Iran's support, have humiliated the leaders of these countries before Arab citizens and have made both their rants and reconciliation efforts with regard to Israel seem meaningless to Arab citizens, causing them to lose face among their people.

Under these conditions, those leaders know that more closeness between Iran and the West will further restrict their maneuvering room in the region and this is not favorable to any politician. Those leaders are well aware that the only thing that has made them important for the industrial world is continuation of the faceoff between Iran and the West and it is only for this reason that they can ran amok in the region, including by directing their dangerous dissidents toward warfronts in various regional countries, because regardless of the side on which they finally die, those Arab leaders would benefit by their death. An agreement between Iran and the international community imbalances all these trends and this is why they are indignant about it. However, it is obvious that there are other reasons for their indignation, which should be accurately reflected in Iran's reaction to their opposition. Inattention to such delicate points can help the enemies of Iran and the region succeed in forming a really united front under secret leadership of Israel, in which case even the White House would not be able to prevent this.

Key Words: Motivations, Nuclear Agreement, Iran, Israel, West, US, Iran’s Rivals, Middle East, Arab World, Strategic Level, Technical Level, Valeh

Source: Iran Newspaper
Translated By: Iran Review.Org

More By Hossein Valeh:

*Security Council Endorsement Prevents Possible Violation of Iran Nuclear Deal:

*Iran-US Relations Still Hostage to a Bitter Past:

*Will Saudi Arabia Be Finally Swept with Wave of Change?:

*Photo Credit: Press TV