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Iranian Researchers Produce Fuel Cell Anode Using Nano-Powder

Saturday, May 31, 2008

Iranian researchers have successfully synthesized Cermet nano-powder which has then been used to produce fuel cell by taking advantage of a microwave oven.

Hamed Mohebbi, member of the research team, has noted that the fuel cell is a source of energy which converts chemical energy to electrical energy, adding, “Since fuel cell produces energy without combustion, it is the sole way of producing high energy without pollution.”

The researcher noted that each fuel cell consists of an anode, a cathode and an electrolyte solution.

“Electrolyte guides oxygen ions, cathode converts oxygen to oxide and anode oxidizes fuel,” he added.

Mohebbi noted that anode is the most important part of a fuel cell, saying, “In this project, nanotechnology was used to increase ion conductance inside fuel cell and this has increased output of fuel cell.”

He added that a nano-powder called “Cermet” has been used to produce anode of the fuel cell. The nano-powder is a combination of ceramic and metal (zirconium and nickel) and has been synthesized using a microwave oven.

Explaining about characteristics of this method, Mohebbi noted that synthesis through ordinary methods will cause energy to travel through the substance in a heterogeneous manner, but using microwave will cause energy to travel homogeneously through the substance, yielding a homogenous matter.

Mohebbi emphasized that it was the first time that this method was used for synthesis in the world.

“This project has been presented through a paper which has been published in ISI magazine,” he concluded.

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