Iranian – Islamic Civilization: From Fall to Revival

Tuesday, May 14, 2013

 Author: Shuaib Bahman

Hardcover: 387 pages
Publisher: Tisa Press
Language: Persian
Date: Spring 2013
Subject: Culture & Society
ISBN: 978-600-6662-25-1

Book Description

The process of building civilization and reviving ancient civilizations within a new framework, first of all, calls for a civilization-building thought followed by perseverance in implementing plans compiled for this purpose in later stages. This is true as the thought needed for building a civilization is nothing trivial and is higher in ranking compared to general policies which are made and even in comparison with development plans which are meant to promote economic progress in a country. Therefore, making general policies and plans for promoting development, economy and foreign policy of a country are all secondary to plans made for the purpose of building a civilization.

At present, nothing is left of the ancient and outstanding civilizations in Pars, Sumer, Egypt, Elam, Ashur, Anatoli, Phoenicia, Hatti, Urartu, Ugarit, Akritis (Crete), Mycenaea, Maya, Aztec, Celts, Ancient Rome … apart from accounts of their tumultuous histories as well as sporadic objects and ancient relics. However, every one of the aforesaid civilizations indicated the level of progress and civility that their people had reached at that time. Some ancient civilizations including the Islamic, Indian, Chinese, and other civilizations are still living, though not with the same glamour, dynamism, and creativity that they once enjoyed very long ago.

Out of all ancient civilizations, Iran, having a brilliant and very long history with a very sophisticated and amazing civilization, is located at the crossroads of major human civilizations. The country has been able since ancient times up to the present time to offer the most brilliant civilizational products to humanity by preserving its own special culture. The land of Iran has frequently experienced great victories and defeats throughout its tortuous history, but it has always managed to safeguard its cultural and civilizational solidarity and continuity. As a result, even after conversion to Islam, Iranians not only did not forget their national and cultural identity, but also gave birth to the Iranian – Islamic civilization which has, in turn, played a great role in expanding and developing the global human civilization.

At present, the revival of the Iranian – Islamic civilization can be considered the most important goal of the Islamic Republic of Iran which will enable the country to boost its political power and fuel its economic growth while remaining faithful to the ideology of the Islamic Republic and its political and cultural achievements.

In the light of the above facts, the present book entitled “Iranian – Islamic Civilization: From Fall to Revival” has been compiled in five chapters in order to discuss various aspects of all issues related to the Iranian – Islamic civilization. The first chapter puts forth the viewpoints and theories of culture and civilization where the viewpoints and opinions of such thinkers as Ibn Khaldun, Oswald Spengler, Johann Gottfried von Herder, Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel, Arnold Joseph Toynbee, and Samuel Huntington have been discussed in more detail.

The second chapter focuses on the Iranian – Islamic civilization from the standpoint of its scientific, cultural, artistic and other achievements. This is where such world-famous thinkers and scholars as Ferdowsi, Farabi, Avicenna, Abu Al-Rayhan Al-Biruni (known as Al-Biruni in English), Al-Ghazali, Khwaja Nizam al-Mulk Tusi, and Khawaja Nasir Al-Din Tusi are introduced. In the third chapter, the main focus is on the reasons behind the fall of the Iranian – Islamic civilization by exploring three categories of reasons: mental-cultural, economic, and foreign intervention. In the fourth chapter, civilization-building ideas and plans offered by Iranian thinkers, scholars and rulers have been presented in two religious and non-religious categories. In the fifth chapter, emphasis has been laid on national and international approaches to the revival of Islamic – Iranian civilization.

Table of Contents

Chapter 1: Civilizational Theories and Schools
- Section I: Fundaments and concepts of culture, civilization and philosophy of history
- Section II: Study of theories of culture and civilization

Chapter 2: Iranian – Islamic civilization
- Section I: Nature of Iranian – Islamic civilization
- Section II: Study of Iranian – Islamic civilization

Chapter 3: Reasons behind fall of Iranian – Islamic civilization
- Section I: Mental-cultural factors
- Section II: Economic factors
- Section III: Foreign factors

Chapter 4: Review of civilization-building plans and ideas in Iran
- Section I: Non-religious theories and ideas
- Section II: Religious theories and ideas

Chapter 5: Ways of reviving Iranian – Islamic civilization
- Section I: Internal factors for revival
- Section II: External factors for revival

About the Author

Shuaib Bahman is the Senior Researcher and member of the editorial board, writers' council and Scientific council of Iran and Eurasia Research Center (IRAS)

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