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Iran's Constitutional Revolution

Monday, October 1, 2012

Popular Politics, Cultural Transformations and Transnational Connections

Editors: H. E. Chehabi & Vanessa Martin

Hardcover: 512 pages
Publisher: I. B. Tauris (August 3, 2010)
Language: English
ISBN-10: 1848854153
ISBN-13: 978-1848854154 

Book Description

Born out of a fundamental tension between the old-fashioned and inadequate Qajar monarchy of Mozaffar al-Din Sah and Mohammad Ali Shah, and new reformist democratic ideals, the Iranian Constitutional Revolution of 1906 represents a pivotal moment in the formation of modern Iran.  The collapse of the state through financial indigence and foreign pressure -- which in the end also consumed the new regime -- created a vacuum, which became the subject of many different visions. These included the anti-constitutionalist arguments of Fazlollah Nuri; the moderate Shi'i vision of Tabatabai'I; the more gradualist secular approach of bureaucrats such as Sani-e Dowleh and Nasser Al-Molk; the various radical visions of Taqizadeh and Sattar Khan, as well as the Bakhtiaris. What were the reformists’ various aims and how much did they accomplish in the years before Reza Shah seized power? How do events in Iran compare with similar uprisings in other parts of the world? And what role does the Constitutional Revolution continue to play in defining Iranian self-identity?

This important and authoritative new book explores all the many different facets of the Revolution, drawing on newly available sources as well as cutting edge research from around the globe to present a definitive account. Iran's Constitutional Revolution seeks to develop and advance the many existing debates on the Revolution, as well as to open up new avenues of interpretation. It offers a uniquely comprehensive and insightful analysis of the subject and is essential reading for a full understanding of contemporary Iran.

Summary

Published by I.B.Tauris in association with the Iran Heritage Foundation, the Iran and the Persionate World series is designed to explore the great richness of Iranian history and culture, both ancient and modern, in its diverse forms and manifestations. Deliberately multi-disciplinary in conception, and broad and ambitious in scope, the series includes topical discussions of history, art, archaeology, literature, religion, cinema and society, with the intent of building a comprehensive library devoted to the lively and heterogeneous field that is Iranian studies today. Titles in Iran and the Persianate World will have great appeal to scholars and students of Iran, as well as to anybody with a serious interest in the remarkable Iranian heritage and civilization.

The dramatic confrontation of the Iranian Constitutional Revolution was unprecedented in the region and heralded a period of political change that resonated throughout the world. It was also an extremely complex and contentious episode with far-reaching implications, both within Iran and internationally, and is still the subject of much debate and widely varying interpretations. This important and authoritative new book explores all the many different facets of the Revolution, drawing on newly available sources as well as cutting edge research from around the globe to present an innovative account.

The early twentieth century witnessed the collapse of old state structures and values and the complex process of the emergence of new systems to replace them, both in Iran and around the world. Iran's Constitutional Revolution examines how the Revolution was viewed from an international perspective, especially in the Middle East and East Asia, and how it may be understood in the context of a wave of revolutions which took place at the same time. The authors also examine how the Revolution was experienced at all levels of society, from the elite to the most humble, and gives particular emphasis to the ways in which minority groups were affected.

Book Jacket

Iran's Constitutional Revolution seeks to develop and advance the many existing debates on the Revolution, as well as to open up new avenues of interpretation. It offers a uniquely comprehensive and insightful analysis of the subject and is essential reading for a full understanding of contemporary Iran.

Subjects:

Constitutional history -- Iran.
Iran -- History -- 1905-1911. 

Contents

- Introduction /​ Vanessa Martin and H.E. Chehabi

- Prologue: The poetry of the Constitutional Revolution /​ Homa Katouzian

- Whose revolution? Stakeholders and stories of the 'constitutional movement' in Iran, 1905-11 /​ Joanna de Groot

- The Iranian Constitutional Revolution as lieu(x) de m⥭oire : Sattar Khan /​ Anja Pistor-Hatam

- Introducing Georgian sources for the historiography of the Iranian Constitutional Revolution (1905-11) /​ Iago Gocheleishvili

- Constitutional rights and the development of civil law in Iran, 1907-41 /​ Ali Gheissari

- The Constitutional Revolution, popular politics, and state-building in Iran /​ Stephanie Cronin

- Municipalities and constitutionalism in Iran /​ Reza Mokhtari Esfahani

- Merchants, their class identification process, and constitutionalism /​ Soheila Torabi Farsani

- Tribes of the homeland : the Bakhtiyari in the revolutionary press /​ Arash Khazeni

- Revolution and a high-ranking Sufi : Zahir al-Dowleh's contribution to the constitutional movement /​ Lloyd Ridgeon

- The rowshanfekr in the constitutional period : an overview /​ Mangol Bayat

- An Iranian modernist project : Ali Akbar Dehkhoda's writings in the constitutional period /​ Nahid Mozaffari

- Readership, the press, and the public sphere in the first constitutional era /​ Negin Nabavi

- Writing in Tehran : the first Freedom of Press Law /​ Pardis Minuchehr

- The Constitutional Revolution and Persian dramatic works : an observation on social relations criticism in the plays of the constitutional era /​ Ali Miransari

- National identity and photographs of the Constitutional Revolution /​ Reza Sheikh

- Mashrutiyat, me㲵tiyet, and beyond : intellectuals and the Constitutional Revolution of 1905-12 /​ Charles Kurzman

- Erin and Iran resurgent : Irish nationalism and the Iranian Constitutional Revolution /​ Mansour Bonakdarian

- Crafting constitutional narratives : Iranian and young Turk solidarity, 1907-09 /​ Farzin Vejdani

- Constitutionalism sans frontiᥲes : Iranian constitutionalism and its Asian connections /​ Touraj Atabaki

- Mashruteh and al-Nahda : the Iranian Constitutional Revolution in the Iranian diaspora press of Egypt and in Arab reformist periodicals /​ Kamran Rastegar

- The Iranian Constitutional Revolution as reported in the Chinese press /​ Yidan Wang

- Japan and the Iranian Constitutional Revolution /​ Michael Penn. 

About the Author

Houchang E. Chehabi is Professor of International Relations and History at Boston University. His previous publications include Distant Relations: Iran and Lebanon in the Last 500 Years (I.B.Tauris), Iranian Politics and Religious Modernism: The Liberation Movement of Iran under the Shah and Khomeini and Politics, Society and Democracy: Comparative Studies (with Alfred Stepan).

Vanessa Martin is Professor of Middle Eastern History at Royal Holloway, University of London. Her previous publications include Islam and Modernism: The Iranian Revolution of 1906, Creating an Islamic State: Khomeini and the Making of a New Iran and The Qajar Pact: Bargaining Protest and the State in Nineteenth Century Iran (all with I.B.Tauris).

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