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Iran's 11th Presidential Election (No. 1): Facts and Figures

Sunday, April 14, 2013

Iran Presidential Election

Iran is preparing to go to the polls on June 14 to elect its 11th president since the establishment of the Islamic Republic in 1979.

Following is a brief overview of the ten elections held so far:

FIRST ELECTION, HELD ON JANUARY 25, 1980

Total votes cast: 14,146,622 votes

Winner: Abolhassan Banisadr with 10,709, 330 votes

Presidential contenders:
Ahmad Madani with 2,224,554 votes
Hassan Habibi with 674,859 votes
Sadeq Tabatabaei with 114,776 votes
Dariyoush Forouhar with 133,478 votes
Kazem Sami with 89, 220 votes
Sadeq Qotbzadeh with 48,547 votes

The president’s fate: Impeachment and removal from power.

Important events: Mas’oud Rajavi, then Mujahideen Khalq Organization (MKO) leader, dropped out of the presidential race due to his opposition to the Constitution. Jalaloddin Farsi also dropped out of the race due to rumors about his not being of Iranian decent.

SECOND ELECTION, JULY 24, 1981

Total votes cast: 14,573,803

Winner: Mohammad Ali Rajaei with 12,770,050 votes

Presidential contenders:

Abbas Sheibani with 658,498 votes
Akbar Parvaresh with 339,646 votes
Habibollah Asgarowladi with 249,457 votes

The president’s fate: He was martyred along with the then Prime Minister Bahonar in a bomb attack at the Office of the Premier.

Important events: This election was held under tumultuous circumstances following the removal of Banisadr from power.

THIRD ELECTION, OCTOBER 2, 1981

Total votes cast: 16, 847,717 votes

Winner: Ayatollah Seyyed Ali Khamenei with 15,905,987 votes

Presidential contenders:
Akbar Parvaresh with 338,294 votes
Reza Zavarei with 77,798 votes
Hassan Ghafourifard with 61, 805 votes

The president’s fate: He served his full four-year term in office.

Important events: For the first time, clerics were allowed to run for the presidency.

FOURTH ELECTION, AUGUST 16, 1985

Total votes cast: 14, 238, 587

Winner: Ayatollah Seyyed Ali Khamenei with 12, 205, 012 votes

Presidential contenders:

Seyyed Mahmoud Kashani with 1, 397, 548 votes
Habibollah Asgaroladi with 276, 502 votes

The president’s fate: With the passing away of Imam Ruhollah Khomeini, the founder of the Islamic Republic in 1989, and the subsequent appointment of Ayatollah Seyyed Ali Khamenei to leadership, the country had to hold snap presidential election.

FIFTH ELECTION, JULY 28, 1989

Total votes cast: 16, 452, 677

Winner: Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani with 15, 550, 528 votes

Presidential contenders:
Abbas Sheibani with 635, 165 votes

SIXTH ELECTION, JUNE 11, 1993

Total votes cast: 16, 769, 787

Winner: Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani with 10, 566, 499 votes

Presidential contenders:

Ahmad Tavakoli with 4, 026, 879 votes
Abdullah Jasbi with 89, 780 votes
Rajabali Taheri with 114, 776 votes

The president’s fate: He served his full four-year term in office.

Important events: In the run-up to the presidential election, Ahmad Tavakoli accused Hashemi Rafsanjani’s government of economic injustice and incompetence. But, most Principlist groups backed Rafsanjani, while some leftists shunned the election. The Islamic Revolution’s Mujahideen Organization (IRMO) said the election was a sham.

SEVENTH ELECTION, MAY 23, 1997

Total votes cast: 28, 160, 328

Winner: Seyyed Mohammad Khatami with 20, 078, 178 votes

Presidential contenders:

Ali Akbar Nateq Nouri with 7, 242, 859 votes
Reza Zavarei with 771, 460 votes
Mohammad Mohammadi Reyshahri with 67, 831 votes

Important events: Division emerged in the Principlist camp following the establishment of technocratic Executives of the Construction of Iran (Kargozaran) Party which supported Hashemi Rafsanjani. Leftist groups first solicited former wartime prime minister Mir-Hossein Mousavi to run for president, but after his refusal, they turned to Mohammad Khatami.

EIGHTH ELECTION, JUNE 8, 2001

Total votes cast: 28, 086, 507

Winner: Seyyed Mohammad Khatami with 21, 594, 070 votes

Presidential contenders:

Ahmad Tavakoli with 4, 383, 190 votes
Ali Shamkhani with 734, 923 votes
Abdullah Jasbi with 259, 325 votes
Seyyed Mahmoud Kashani with 237, 003 votes
Hassan Ghafourifard with 128, 801 votes
Seyyed Mansour Razavi with 114, 486 votes
Seyyed Shahaboddin Sadr with 60, 389 votes
Ali Fallahian with 54, 974 votes
Seyyed Mostafa Hashemitaba with 27, 853 votes

NINTH ELECTION, JUNE 17, 2005

Total votes cast: 27, 331, 483

Winner: Mahmoud Ahmadinejad with 17, 284, 782 votes

Presidential contenders:

Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani with 10, 046, 701 votes
Mehdi Karroubi with 5.07 million votes
Mostafa Moin with 4.08 million votes
Mohammad Baqer Qalibaf with 4.07 million votes
Ali Larijani with 1.74 million votes
Mohsen Mehralizadeh with 1.29 million votes

Important events: It was the first presidential election which headed into a runoff. Hashemi Rafsanjani, Moin and Karroubi protested the result of the election. Reformists Moin and Mehralizadeh were initially disqualified to run for president but were allowed to run after Ayatollah Khamenei issued a special decree.

10TH ELECTION, JUNE 12, 2009

Total votes cast: 38, 951, 043

Winner: Mahmoud Ahmadinejad with 24, 592, 793 votes

Presidential contenders:

Mir-Hossein Mousavi with 13, 338, 121 votes
Mohsen Rezaei with 681, 851 votes
Mehdi Karroubi with 338, 278 votes

The president’s fate: He is serving his term in office.

Important events: Mir-Hossein Mousavi, Mehdi Karroubi and Mohsen Rezaei questioned the vote result. After the Guardian Council accepted the vote result as valid, Rezaei also accepted the outcome, but the other two defeated candidates refused to do so.

Source: Press TV
http://www.presstv.ir/

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