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Iranian Mathematician Wins Top European Math Prize

Monday, July 25, 2016

Compiled By: Firouzeh Mirrazavi
Deputy Editor of Iran Review

*Iranian woman winner of top European math prize

Iranian young mathematician Sara Zahedi has won a prestigious European Mathematical Society Prize, the top honor for young European mathematicians awarded once every four years.

Working as a professor at KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Zahedi is being recognized for her efforts to improve computer simulations of the behavior of fluids that don't mix together.

Zahedi, 34, is the only woman to win one of this year's prizes, which were announced during the 7th European congress of Mathematics held in Berlin on July 18-22.

She's one of only nine female recipients of the honorable prize since it began in 1992 and will receive a check for 5,000 euros.

Living in Sweden since she was 10, Zahedi pointed to her experiences in the country saying "I didn't have any friends and I didn't know any Swedish but math was a language I understood."

"In math class, I was able to communicate with my peers and I was able to make friends by solving problems with them,” she added.

Zahedi is an expert in numerical analysis, a study of how to make computer simulations more efficient and accurate. She creates simulations of fluids that do not mix well, such as water, oil and gas.

Sarah Zahedi is one of 1,300 participants, and among the stars of European congress of Mathematics in Berlin. She believes that anyone can understand mathematics.

“We must go much further towards younger age groups and to show them how math is used in their real-world; I also believe that programming should be taught as a discipline in the school curriculum.”

*Tehran Positive Club receives Red Ribbon Award 2016

Tehran Positive club won the 2016 Red Ribbon Award for its inspiring work towards ending and reducing the impact of the AIDS epidemic.

Tehran Positive Club and nine other winners from across the globe were presented with the prize in a special session at the 21st International AIDS Conference (AIDS 2016) in Durban, South Africa. The winners were selected from almost 1,000 nominations from more than 120 countries.

The 2016 winning organizations are from Islamic Republic of Iran, Burundi, Mexico, Belize, Kenya, Nigeria, Nepal, Chile, and New Zealand. A global panel of civil society representatives selected the finalists from a shortlist determined by regional panels. 

Tehran Positive Club provides positive prevention and psychosocial support to people living with HIV (PLHIV) and key population. The Positive Club was established 10 years ago through Global Fund support within the framework of Positive Health, Prevention and Dignity initiative in collaboration with Ministry of Health, UNAIDS and UNDP.

In connection with the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG), the award was given in five categories of 1) Good Health & Wellbeing (SDG 3); 2) Reduced Inequalities (SDG 10); 3) Gender Equality (SDG 5); 4) Just, Peaceful, & Inclusive Societies (SDG 16) and 5) Global Partnerships (SDG 17). Tehran Positive Club received its award in Gender Equality category.

The Red Ribbon Award was first presented in 2006 and since then has been awarded every two years at the International AIDS Conference. The Award is hosted by UNAIDS in partnership with other international organizations. From I.R. Iran, Positive clubs previously won RRA in 2008, 2012 and 2014.

*Iranian student wins multilingual essay contest

An Iranian PhD student is among the 60 winners of the 2016 'Many Languages, One World' international essay contest which examines global citizenship, cultural understanding and the role of multilingual ability.

'ELS Educational Services, Inc.', announced that 60 students from around the world have been selected as winners of the 2016 Many Languages, One World international essay contest. 2016 is the third year ELS Educational Services, and the United Nations Academic Impact (UNAI) have organized Many Languages, One World.

The 60 winners were selected from a pool of over 3,600 entrants. The winners, among whom is PhD student Pooya Naderi from Iran, have been invited to attend the Many Languages, One World Global Youth Forum at Hofstra University in Hempstead, New York. The event includes an all-expense-paid trip to New York City and the opportunity to speak at the General Assembly of the United Nations. Students will present action plans related to the United Nations 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.

The Many Languages, One World contest challenged college and university students around the globe to write an essay examining global citizenship, cultural understanding and the role that the multilingual ability can have in fostering both. Entrants submitted essays in one of the six official United Nations languages, which could be neither the student’s first language nor in his/her primary language of instruction. More than 9,000 individuals from 165 countries took part in the initial phase of the contest. The official languages of the United Nations are Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian and Spanish.

Pooya Naderi was born and raised in the historically significant city of Esfahan, Iran. He traveled to France to pursue a master’s degree, and he is now working on his PhD in France. Naderi speaks four languages – English, French, Persian and some Spanish – and can clearly see the direct influence of multilingualism on his life as an international student. He interacts and works with people from different nationalities and cultures regularly, and he reports that his linguistic abilities have helped him to better understand the cultures of the people he encounters. Naderi is currently a PhD candidate at Université de Picardie Jules Verne (UPJV) in Amiens, France. He is studying mechanical engineering, and specifically, he works on convection in porous media. In the future, he plans to establish his own company and create new work opportunities for young graduates.

*Researchers improve radio-drug delivery

Iranian researchers from Nuclear Science and Technology Research Institute (NSTRI) have improved the delivery of anti-cancer radio-drug by using nanostructured materials.

According to Iran Nanotechnology Initiative Council (INIC), the aim of the research was to study the delivery of radio-drugs to cancer tumors by using nanostructured materials to diagnose and cure cancer. Results of this study can help cancer treatment with high efficiency but fewer side effects.

Porous silica has been used in this to stabilize nanodrug and carry it to cancer tumors. Porous silica increases efficiency of drug stabilization due to its high specific area and its nanoscaled pores. As a result, drug delivery process is carried out with higher efficiency.

A porphyrin complex of copper-64 radiodrug was synthesized due to the diagnosis and therapeutic properties of copper-64 isotope; then, biological information such as proliferation coefficient, quality control and tissue transmission studies were investigated in various types of wild rats. Next, the anticancer drug was stabilized on MCM-41 nanoporous silica functionalized with amine groups to study target delivery of the drug.

Observation of the accumulation of complex stabilized on MCM-41 nanoporous silica in tumor, quick repelling, short half-life of copper-64 and lower radiation for the patients make this stabilized radio-drug as an appropriate option to be used in imaging and PET future studies.

Results of the research have been published in Applied Radiation and Isotopes, vol. 112, 2016, pp. 13-19.

*Iran ranks 1st in aerospace engineering in ME

According to a report recently published by SCImago database, Iran is ranked first in aerospace engineering in the Middle East and 11th in the world.

Parviz Karami, Advisor to Vice President of Science and Technology, said the data released by SCImago Journal and Country Rank website, reports an improvement in Iran’s ranking in science production in the field of aerospace engineering in 2015.

“Iran has been placed in the 11th standing in 2015 before Spain, Netherlands, Brazil, Switzerland, Mexico and Ukraine,” he said.

He went on to add, “Iran has been ranked first in the Middle East and 11th in the world by producing 341 articles and with 101 citations in the field of aerospace engineering; this is while the country was ranked 14th and below Spain and the Netherlands in 2014.”

He expressed hope that this scientific growth would lead to development of the country’s technologies and aerospace and aviation industry. 

*Iran ranks 6th in Intl. Chemistry Olympiad

Iranian young chemists won two gold and two silver medals in the 48th International Chemistry Olympiad held in Tbilisi, Georgia.

The international knowledge competition that gathered over 300 young chemists from 5 continents and 67 countries, took place from 23 July to August 1 in the capital city of Georgia.

In the competition, Iran’s Amir Ali Karimi and Peyman Mirghaderi each claimed a gold medal, while Iman Manbari Osguei and Zahra Kazemi each grabbed a silver medal.

China, Russia, South Korea, Romania and Taiwan stood at first to fifth place, respectively, while Iran ranked sixth.

Iran’s national chemistry team managed to rank 5th in the previous round of the Olympiad that was held in Baku, Azerbaijan.

*3 silver, 3 bronze medals for Iran in Intl. math Olympiad

Iran’s national mathematics team received six silver and bronze medals in the 57th round of the International Mathematical Olympiad (IMO) in Hong Kong.

The Iranian team consisted of Mohammadreza Bemanian, Amin Rakhsha and Amir Mojtaba Sabour, who won a silver medal, and Farbod Ekbatani, Mahbod Majid and Alireza Hediehlou, each receiving a bronze medal in the international competitions.

The Iranian team has ranked 24th in the world, having competed with teams from 111 countries from June 6 to 16 in Hong Kong.

The US, South Korea and China claimed the first, second and third place, respectively.

The International Mathematical Olympiad (IMO) is the World Championship Mathematics Competition for high school students and is held annually in a different country.

In IMO 2015 held in Thailand, Iran was ranked 7th among 137 countries by claiming 3 gold, 2 silver and one bronze medals. 

*Researchers improve efficiency of cancer heat therapy

Iranian researchers have improved the efficiency of cancer heat therapy process known as hyperthermia by laboratorial and analytical simulating of the process at the same time.

Heating cancer tissues is one way to eliminate cancer tumors. Hyperthermia generally means an increase in the body temperature that is higher than normal. High temperature of body usually results in a sickness such as fever or thermal shock. However, carefully controlled hyperthermia is sometimes used in the treatment of illnesses, specially cancers. 

According to Iran Nanotechnology Initiative Council (INIC), the most important objective of this research was to accurately determine optimum parameters of the heating process to cure cancer tumors by using super paramagnetic nanoparticles. Hyperthermia process has been studied in this research both in laboratorial scale and through solving equations and programming.

This research studied and simulated heat therapy process in a precise manner. It also determined the exact dosage of nanoparticles, time and intensity of magnetic field to eliminate cancer tumor at given dimensions. Iron-based super paramagnetic nanoparticles with average diameter of 20nm have been used in the heat therapy process. The process was simulated on a dead animal tissue, and a stream of artificial blood circulation was used to make the behavior of the dead tissue close to that of a living tissue.

In addition, thermal profile was analyzed and studied in order to eliminate a tumor at a radius of 3 cm by using computer simulation and by solving mathematical equations for the tissues.

Results of the research have been published in Journal of Mechanical Science and Technology, vol. 30, issue 3, 2016, pp. 1459-1469.

*2 gold, 1 silver and 2 bronze medals for Iran in IPhO 2016

Iranian students have received two gold, one silver and two bronze medals in the 47th International Physics Olympiad (IPhO 2016) in Switzerland.

The Iranian team for the 47th round of IPhO consisted of Amir-Hossein Estiri, Mohammad Mahdi Sabbaghi Nadooshan, Seyed Mohammad Hossein Sharifi Kelahroudi, Amin Moharramipour and Amir Reza Negari.

Estiri and Sabbaghi Nadooshan each won a gold medal, while Sharifi Kelahroudi received a silver medal and the other two each claimed a bronze medal.

Teams from China, South Korea and Russia stood at the first, second and third place, respectively.

The 47th round of International Physics Olympiad (IPhO) took place from July 11 to 17, 2016 in Zurich, Switzerland. Over 90 delegations consisting of 450 secondary students participated in the event.

In IPho 2015 held in India, Iran was ranked 8th among 86 countries by claiming 2 gold and 3 silver medals. 

*Iranian Professor awarded EWRI prize for select paper

A University of Tehran assistant professor has won the best paper award during World Environmental & Water Resources Congress 2016 in the US.

Dr. Saeid Yousefi, Assistant Professor of College of Architecture, University of Tehran wrote a paper ‘Attitude-Based Negotiations for Resolving Water and Environmental Conflicts’ to address environmental conflicts related to water management issues.

“In this paper, a negotiation methodology for resolving disputes in water and environmental conflicts is presented for handling negotiation in the presence of multiple decision makers. A unique feature of the proposed methodology is to take into account the attitudes of disputants, which is an important human factor, particularly in resolving complex environmental disputes. The methodology is developed at the strategic level of decision making in which the Graph Model for Conflict Resolution (GMCR) is employed to help disputants determine the best strategic resolution, given the negotiators' competing interests, needs, and attitudes. The proposed methodology is then implemented in a negotiation decision support system that assists managers in tackling real-world water controversies,” wrote part of paper abstract.

“The results of this operational research helps to assess whether or not unwanted consequences can occur in a particular conflict because of improper attitudes, as well as ascertain what attitudes are needed to guide the conflict to more preferable or win/win outcomes for all of the concerned parties. This research may help to develop tools that are required by policy analysts, systems managers, and other decision makers to tackle current world water controversies, and prevent development of domestic and global water conflicts. Last but not least, appropriate management of water and environmental conflicts can save enormous amounts of time, costs, and resources,” it continued.

*Iranian researcher awarded French Legion of Honor

Iranian researcher and associate member of the Academy of Persian Language and Literature Jaleh Amouzgar received the Legion of Honor from the French Ambassador in Iran François Sénémaud in a ceremony at the French Embassy in Tehran.

At the ceremony, Sénémaud spoke of the scientific status of Amouzgar, who is a world-class researcher and has been a professor for more than 30 years, Mehr News Agency reported.

Amouzgar holds a PhD degree from Sorbonne University in Iranistics (Iranian linguistics) and is also collaborating in the Encyclopædia Iranica project at Columbia University.

Addressing the ceremony, Amouzgar underlined that she belongs to the generation who pursued a purpose in life.

*Amirkabir humanoid robots win 3rd place in RoboCup 2016

The humanoid robot team from Amirkabir Uni. of Technology defeated the team from host country and won the third place in Humanoid Teen-Size Robot League of RoboCup 2016 in Leipzig, Germany.

Iranian humanoid robot team from Amirkabir University of Technology went against rivals from Germany, Taiwan and Brazil in technical competitions in Humanoid Teen-Size Robot League of RoboCup 2016 and managed to win the first place. The team won the third place in the standings match of the competitions.

The 20th edition of RoboCup 2016 kicked off in the German city of Leipzig on Thursday and will wrap up today on July 4. Over 200 teams from universities, schools and various institutes from 45 countries in the world are participating in this year’s edition.

Amirkabir University is participating in the event with three teams in RoboCup rescue stimulation league, small-sized soccer league and humanoid robots.

*Iranian professor awarded 2016 IUPAC-CHEMRAWN VII Prize

A faculty member of University of Science and Technology Ali Maleki has been awarded the 2016 IUPAC-CHEMRAWN VII for Green Chemistry.

Dr. Ali Maleki received this award in recognition of his outstanding contributions to the field of green chemistry, IUPAC released.

The CHEMRAWN VII Prize was first announced in August 2008 and since, has been awarded every two years at the IUPAC International Conference on Green Chemistry. The Prize of USD 5000 is granted to a young investigator (less than 45 years of age) from an emerging region who is actively contributing to research in Green Chemistry.

The 2016 CHEMRAWNVII Prize will be presented to Dr Maleki at the 6th IUPAC Conference on Green Chemistry that will be held in Venice on September 4-8, 2016.

Ali Maleki received his PhD in organic chemistry from Shahid Behesti University, Tehran, Iran and is currently an Associate Professor in the Department of Chemistry at Iran University of Science and Technology.

Dr Maleki’s research focuses on the use of green reaction media such as solvent-free, water, ethanol and ionic liquids; green and clean catalysts and catalytic reactions (magnetically recyclable and reusable heterogeneous nanocatalysts); one-pot multicomponent reactions (least reaction steps and side-reactions or by-products, high yields, saving energy, high atom economy and bond forming efficiency in the synthesis of organic compounds); and bionanomaterials (natural and synthetic biopolymers).

The IUPAC CHEMRAWNVII prize has previously been awarded to Noureddine Yassaa (Algeria) in 2010, Rashimi Sanghi (India) in 2012 and Vania G. Zuin (Brazil) in 2014.

*Iranians take home 11 A' Design Awards

Iranian designers were awarded with 11 A' Design Awards for 2015-2016 in a number of categories. Iran currently ranks 12th in A' Design Award and Competitions.

According to Mehr News Agency, A' Design Award and Competitions are organized and awarded internationally each year in a wide range of categories. Every year, projects that focus on innovation, technology, design and creativity are awarded with the A' Award. The following is the list of awards granted to Iranian designers for 2015-2016 period.

Shaparak Interactive Hybrid Model Model Interactive

Silver A' Design Award Winner for Banking and Finance Instruments Design Category in 2015

Mehregan Design for Shaparak Co. Radix Range Hood

Bronze A' Design Award Winner for Home Appliances Design Category in 2015

Mostafa Arvand for Can Group. Drink Beauty Food

Silver A' Design Award Winner for Food, Beverage and Culinary Arts Design Category in 2015
Ladan Zadfar and Mohammad Farshad for creator studio

Interwoven Gold Ring

Silver A' Design Award Winner for Jewelry, Eyewear and Watch Design Category in 2015
Mohammad Mortazavi for Rhyton

Sananoor Co. Corporate Identity

Golden A' Design Award Winner for Graphics and Visual Communication Design Category in 2015
Radiant Creatives Team for Sananoor Co.

Negative Armchair

Silver A' Design Award Winner for Furniture, Decorative Items and Homeware Design Category in 2015
Azadeh and Babak Shariati for Azadeh and Babak Shariati Behbahani

Mitosis Ceiling Lamp

Silver A' Design Award Winner for Lighting Products and Lighting Projects Design Category in 2015
Soroush Vahidian Kamyar for Vahidian Design

Chaaylee Hand Bag

Silver A' Design Award Winner for Fashion and Travel Accessories Design Category in 2015
Mohammad Fatehi Kahvarin for Dokmeh Design Studio

Chocoben Retail

Silver A' Design Award Winner for Interior Space and Exhibition Design Category in 2015
Mahdi Fakhimi for Akad

*Source: UN.org.ir, Tehran Times, Press TV, ISNA, Iran DailyMehr NewsIRNA

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