Iran Nuclear Deal No Threat to Regional Countries

Monday, March 9, 2015

IRNA Research and News Analysis Group

Hopes for the final conclusion of a comprehensive nuclear deal between Iran and the P5+1 group of countries have been rising at a time that certain people have been alleging that such a deal will be to the detriment of regional countries. This allegation has its roots in a kind of look which sees all developments in the region as a form of confrontation among regional states.

Attention to the following points is necessary at this juncture:

1. Without a doubt, an effort made by any country to get its hands on nuclear weapons will cause fear among its neighboring states. Countries in the Middle East region are no exception to this general rule. They are afraid of any rival country, which may be trying to build nuclear weapons. However, this apprehension should not exist with regard to Iran's nuclear program because Tehran has never tried to make a nuclear bomb. The interim agreement signed between Iran and the P5+1 group of countries in the Swiss city of Geneva last November, has increased transparency of Iran's nuclear work. On the other hand, monthly and seasonal reports issued by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), whose number now comprises of two digits, have been all attesting to constructive cooperation of Tehran with this international organization and have also proven that there is no form of deviation in Iran's nuclear program. These reports and the serious resolve that Iran has shown in various bilateral, trilateral and multilateral meetings with the member states of the P5+1 group of countries have been further evidence to peaceful nature of Iran’s nuclear activities. Therefore, any effort made to frame Iran as a nuclear threat to the entire region, or depicting Iran as a country, which is bent on production, stockpile, and use of nuclear weapons cannot include any element of truth.

2. A cursory glance at the track records of the Islamic Republic of Iran will easily show that Tehran has never been a factor to disrupt regional peace and security, but has been always a pioneer in the establishment of peace and security in the region. A prominent example of Iran's behavior in this regard was a proposal by Iranian President Hassan Rouhani, known as the World against Violence and Extremism (WAVE), which he offered the world during the 68th annual session of the United Nations General Assembly in New York last year. Iran's proposal was approved with positive vote of 190 countries.

The mere presentation of this initiative showed that Iran has a better understanding of the risks of extremism and terrorism than Western and Arab countries. Despite public support for Rouhani's initiative, it was, however, ignored and no practical step was taken to pave the way for its implementation. Later on, the Middle East turned into a playground for the ISIS terrorist group. Therefore, during the 69th annual meeting of the UN General Assembly in September 2014, Rouhani put renewed emphasis on the importance of fighting terrorist groups. It should not be forgotten that terrorism is a threat, which has now prompted a number of Western and Arab countries to take part in the anti-ISIS coalition.

Therefore, nobody can consider Iran as supporter or creator of extremist groups in the region and the imaginary fear sensed by regional Arab countries from Iran in this regard cannot be logical. Today, extremism in the region is considered a serious threat for all countries in the Middle East. As a result, there are many analysts who believe that to contain the scope of operations by these Takfiri groups, all regional countries need to join hands in cooperation and collaboration. In the meantime, rifts among these countries will contribute to increased dynamism of these extremist groups.

3. Without a doubt, a comprehensive nuclear deal between Iran and the West will have a great effect on promoting the regional standing of Iran. However, this will never pose a threat to security in the region because bolstering regional security, stability and development is among the most important goals of the Islamic Republic of Iran. Tehran, however, believes that this goal should be achieved without interference of foreign forces.

Many observers believe that intervention by countries from the outside of the Middle East region will only help foster distrust and false rivalries among regional countries. The breakout and exacerbation of religious differences as well as posing threats to the region by fostering Iranophobia are two important elements that have been put on the agenda of big transregional powers in order to secure a foothold in this strategic region. Creation and intensification of crises in order to turn the Middle East into a market for selling arms is another goal pursued by those countries that interfere in the region’s affairs. On the opposite, regional cooperation and convergence as well as relying on “endogenous security” mechanisms provide the best formula for overcoming such problems.

It follows that optimism about establishment of peace and security in the Middle East region can be only possible through cooperation among regional countries as the most important factor for the resolution of insecurity problem and doing away with the existing distrust among regional states. Undoubtedly, the increasing clout of regional countries, including Iran, will help reduce the impact of interventionist measures taken by transregional countries.

4. Although the Middle East has been currently turned into a hotbed for tensions and conflicts, putting emphasize on the existing commonalities and, in parallel, avoiding aggrandizement of differences are sure to play a remarkable part in reducing regional tensions. Good neighborly relations, existence of religious commonalities, facing such common threats as Israel, as well as the existence of common interests in the field of energy economy are among the most prominent common grounds that exist among regional states. Efforts made to build mutual trust in addition to the special attention paid by regional countries to resolution of differences at the negotiating table will certainly prevent these countries from squandering their capabilities and will also provide necessary grounds and opportunities for more regional cooperation.

It goes without saying that increasing capacities of regional countries and finding suitable solutions to regional problems will facilitate regional development. Therefore, looking from this viewpoint, final resolution of the nuclear case of Iran, as an important and influential country in the region, will seem to be of the highest importance. Analysts maintain that the ultimate outcome of an agreement over Iran's nuclear program will greatly facilitate further expansion of trade, economic and cultural relations among regional states and will have a positive effect on development efforts both in the region and across the world.

5. Resolution of Iran's nuclear case will never pose a threat to regional Arab states, but on the contrary, will lead to further isolation of Israel. This is a regime which has been trying through false propaganda to depict a nuclear Iran as a serious threat to regional peace and security. At the same time, Tel Aviv, which has reportedly more than 200 nuclear warheads in its arsenal, has so far refrained from accession to the Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT); has effectively barred inspectors of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) from visiting its nuclear facilities and activities; has blatantly violated all international laws; and has frequently embarked on ruthless massacre of innocent and defenseless people of Palestine. In doing so, Israel has continuously been helping spread of a large-scale crisis in the Middle East region.

On the opposite, Iran is a member of the IAEA and the NPT, it has always pursued the goal of “a Middle East free from nuclear weapons” at the United Nations; and is now engaged in negotiations with big global powers in order to achieve a comprehensive and lasting agreement with them on its nuclear program. All these instances uphold the peaceful nature of Tehran’s nuclear activities. As a result, a nuclear Iran whose activities are entirely peaceful cannot be considered as a danger and threat to regional people. Establishment of security and peace in the region, however, will be only possible when all countries in the Middle East come to realize the dangerous nature of this regime and understand how Israeli officials are trying to show themselves as innocent victims.

6. The last point is about the necessity and importance of changing the viewpoint of Arabs with regard to relations with Iran. A “zero-sum game,” (a game in which one side wins and the other side loses) has been rampant as a dominant view among political officials in the Middle East. They look upon a possible nuclear deal between Iran and the West from this angle. However, a closer look would prove to them that such an agreement and its achievements will lead to a win-win game for all involved parties in the Middle East and this is a reality to which many Arab countries have been inattentive.

On the other hand, the fact that Arabs take a security-based approach to all regional issues has been constantly a negative factor which has inhibited regional convergence and unity. Such a viewpoint, on the other hand, has been an obstacle to “mutual trust,” which can guarantee establishment of peace and security in the region in the best possible manner. Under such conditions, a final nuclear deal between Iran and the West will not only increase regional cooperation and promote the position of the Middle East in global developments, but will be also followed by serious competition. Of course, good management of this competition will be of the highest importance in preventing the competition from turning into a new round of tension and crisis.

Key Words: Iran, Nuclear Deal, Threat, Regional Countries, Cooperation, International Atomic Energy Agency, P5+1, World against Violence and Extremism (WAVE), ISIS Terrorist Group, Middle East, transregional Countries, NPT, Mutual Trust, IRNA

Source:Islamic Republic News Agency (IRNA)
Translated By: Iran Review.Org