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Iran Determined to Monitor P5+1 Compliance with Its Commitments

Wednesday, January 20, 2016

Iran’s President Hassan Rouhani says the Islamic Republic will respond in kind if the P5+1 group fails to fulfill its commitments under a landmark nuclear agreement clinched in July 2015.

In a letter to Leader of the Islamic Revolution Ayatollah Seyyed Ali Khamenei, Rouhani stressed that his administration will keep a watchful eye on the opposite side’s compliance with its commitments stipulated in the agreement, dubbed the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA), to “foil enemies’ attempts to take advantage of the agreement to infiltrate” the country.

“The administration… is determined to precisely and seriously monitor the fulfillment of the opposite side’s commitments and will, through prudent realism and far from any extreme optimism, take reciprocal measures in case of any renege on promises,” Rouhani said.

The Iranian president expressed gratitude to the Leader for his support during the nuclear negotiations and enumerated the achievements that the JCPOA has brought for the Islamic Republic.

Rouhani underlined that the Iranian nation’s right to peaceful nuclear technology has been restored and that the world has recognized Tehran’s nuclear program on an industrial scale.

The letter also reads that under the JCPOA, Iran will continue uranium enrichment as “the most sensitive and important part” of its nuclear program.

The Arak heavy water reactor will also be modernized through international cooperation, the letter said.

Rouhani also said that the nuclear agreement thwarted efforts by enemies of Iran to depict a “false” image of Islamic Revolution.

In another development Iran’s President said the UN nuclear agency is duty-bound to support the Islamic Republic’s measures to expand its peaceful nuclear technology.

“As a committed member of the IAEA, the Islamic Republic of Iran expects to be an active member in the international scene in the peaceful and modern technologies of the nuclear industry and expects the agency to support such presence,” Rouhani said.

“The IAEA along with the duty of monitoring and supervising activities, should also fulfill its other duties and legal responsibilities, particularly in the field of transferring advanced peaceful nuclear technology and treat its members equally in such sectors,” the Iranian president added.

He added that the settlement of issues pertaining to Iran’s nuclear program is among important examples in the history of modern diplomacy.

The president said Iran would continue its cooperation with the IAEA and reaffirmed Tehran’s commitment to its obligations under the JCPOA as long as the P5+1 countries honor their part of the agreement.

Iran’s President Hassan Rouhani has also called on Muslim countries to form an alliance for progress and development and not for war, in an apparent reference to the coalition formed by Saudi Arabia for the aggression against Yemen.

"We believe that the conditions in the region and world of Islam call for the creation of a coalition for development, and not war, in the world of Islam," Rouhani said.

Rouhani said, “We call for the expansion of relations and do not welcome tension provided that the rights of Muslim people are respected.”

Elsewhere in his remarks, Rouhani expressed deep concern over insecurity caused by terrorists in the region and said the Iranian administration’s policy is “based on constructive interaction with world countries, particularly neighboring states.”

Iran will give a “positive response” to request for cooperation by countries which are fighting terrorism, the president added.

He pointed to “unacceptable” efforts aimed at causing division between Shia and Sunni Muslims and said, “We call for enhanced unity and coherence among all Muslims, including Shias and Sunnis, and are ready to cooperate with regional countries in line with the campaign against terrorism, extremism and sectarianism.”

Leader of the Islamic Revolution Ayatollah Seyyed Ali Khamenei also said recent remarks by US leaders after official implementation of a nuclear accord and lifting of sanctions on Iran are “totally a cause for suspicion.” 

In a letter to President Hassan Rouhani, the Leader urged the government “to take care the other side fully fulfills its obligations” under a nuclear accord which went into force on Saturday, January 16, 2016.

US officials have stepped up their anti-Iran rhetoric, accusing Tehran of posing a “threat to regional and global security” after Washington announced new sanctions over Iran’s ballistic-missile program.

“It must be taken care that the opposite side fully fulfills its obligations. Statements by some American politicians in the past two, three days are totally a cause for suspicion,” Ayatollah Khamenei said.

“I stress again that the deceit and breach of promise by arrogant governments, especially America, on this issue and other issues must not be neglected,” the Leader added.

In his letter, the Leader thanked President Rouhani and Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif and other officials over the nuclear accord.

“I express my satisfaction in that the resistance of the great Iranian nation against oppressive sanctions and efforts of nuclear scientists in advancing this important industry and tireless efforts of the negotiators forced the opposite sides - some of whom are known for enmity with the Iranian nation - to retreat and removal of part of the bullying sanctions.”

“However, this amount of achievement in the face of the arrogant and bullying front has come as a result of resistance and steadfastness,” Ayatollah Khamenei said.

“All of us must regard this as a lesson for other happenings and events in the Islamic Republic,” the Leader added.

Ayatollah Khamenei further advised state officials not to read too much into the lifting of sanctions.

“All state officials must be reminded that the resolution of economic problems is tied to ceaseless and wise efforts in all sectors toward an economy of resistance and the lifting of sanctions per se is not enough for an opening in the country’s economy and people’s welfare.”

The Leader also said what has been achieved with the nuclear deal has come with heavy costs.

“Writings and statements by those who are trying to ignore this fact and pretending to be indebted to the Western side are not behaving sincerely toward the public opinion of the nation,” Ayatollah Khamenei said.

Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif also said Iran will "proportionally" respond to new US sanctions on Tehran's missile program.

"No measure against the Islamic Republic of Iran will go unanswered and we will respond proportionally to any move," Zarif said.

Zarif said US claims about Iran's missile activities are unlawful, citing UN Resolution 2231 which only bans development of missiles capable of carrying nuclear warheads.

"While Resolution 1929 banned any missile-related activities, this restraint in Resolution 2231 only includes missiles capable of carrying nuclear warheads. This is while we basically do not need such missiles," he said.     

“This US claim has no international ground and, as per the directive of President (Hassan Rouhani), we will continue our missile activities more than before with the aim of deterrence,” Zarif added.

Head of the Atomic Energy Organization of Iran (AEOI) Ali Akbar Salehi also said the Islamic Republic’s cooperation with the UN nuclear agency has entered a new phase.

Salehi made the remarks in a joint press conference with Director General of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) Yukiya Amano, in Tehran as part of his first visit after the beginning of the implementation of a landmark nuclear agreement between Iran and the P5+1 group of countries, dubbed the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA).

Salehi said Amano's visit sends "many messages."

“Through Amano’s visit to Tehran, we will witness the opening of a new chapter in cooperation between Iran and the agency. We want to make up for the 10-12-year lost opportunities in relations with the agency,” Salehi said.

He added that the IAEA chief is visiting Tehran at a time when “there is no longer such an issue as the fabricated nuclear dossier of the Islamic Republic of Iran.”

The AEOI head noted that during his talks with Amano, the sides had worked on a roadmap for fresh cooperation after the JCPOA implementation.

*Photo Credit: ISNA, Press TV

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