Iran Celebrates International Museum Day

Wednesday, May 18, 2016

Compiled By: Firouzeh Mirrazavi
Deputy Editor of Iran Review

Iran commemorates the International Museum Day (IMD) and Cultural Heritage Week during a celebration held in Tehran. The president of the International Council of Museums (ICOM) Hans-Martin Hinz will attend a ceremony to mark the International Museum Day, which will be held at the National Museum of Iran on May 18.

On this occasion, Hinz will send a message to ICOM national committees and member museums from Tehran this year, secretary of the event Ahmad Mohit-Tabatabaei announced.

The official website Iran’s ICOM national committee will be officially launched and the country’s best museum will be introduced during a meeting on May 18 at the National Museum of Iran, he said.

He also said that an ICOM office will be opened in the city of Shiraz during Hinz’s stay in Iran.

The National Museum of Iran will also arrange meetings on museums and disabled people, museums and children, museums and documents, and museums and architecture on May 23 and 24 in other museums of Tehran, he added.

The worldwide community of museums will celebrate International Museum Day with the theme of Museums and Cultural Landscapes.

Advisory Committee of ICOM, the only organization of museums and museum professionals with a global scope, organizes the theme of this event that, given the high number of countries involved, lasts a day, a weekend, a week or even a month.

In addition, six museums will be launched in Iran on International Museum Day (May 18), said Mohammadreza Kargar, director of Iran's Museums and Historical Properties Office.

The six museums which are scheduled to open today include Qajar Museum in West Azerbaijan, Minoodasht Museum in Golestan, a museum on natural history sciences in Khorasan Razavi, Astaneh Ashrafieh Museum and Astara Museum, both in Gilan, and Mousavi Stamp Museum in Alborz Province.

Kargar added that among the museums in Iran, 61 are private of which 40 have been inaugurated since 2013.

International Museum Day is a celebration that held every year on or around May 18. Indeed, following the definition of museums provided by ICOM, a museum is a non-profit, permanent institution in the service of society and its development, open to the public, which acquires, conserves, researches, communicates and exhibits the tangible and intangible heritage of humanity and its environment for the purposes of education, study and enjoyment. International Museum Day therefore serves as a platform to raise public awareness on the role museums play in the development of society today, on an international level.

The festive day provides the opportunity for museum professionals to meet the public and alert them as to the challenges that museums face. Each year, all museums in the world are invited to participate in IMD to promote the role of museums around in the world, creating unique, enjoyable and free activities around a theme discussed within the ICOM community for this special day. Since its creation in 1977, International Museum Day has gained increasing attention.

From America to Oceania including Africa, Europe and Asia, this international event has confirmed its popularity. These recent years, International Museum Day has been experiencing its highest involution with almost 30,000 museums that organised activities in more than 120 countries.

On this occasion Iran Review.Org presents the most famous museums of Iran: National Museum of Iran, Carpet Museum of Iran, Treasury of National Jewels, Saadabad Museum - Palace, Reza Abbasi Museum, Golestan Palace, Glassware & Ceramic Museum of Iran, Abgineh Museum, Niavaran Palace Complex, and...

National Museum of Iran

National Museum of Iran, aging more than 70 years, containing 300,000 museum objects in an area more than 20,000 square meters, is not only the largest museum of History and Archaeology of the country, but ranks as one of the few most prestigious museums of the world in regard to grand volume, diversity and quality of its huge monuments. In the Iranian museum tradition it is considered Iran’s mother museum, aiming at preserving relics of the past to hand down to the next generations, enhancing better understanding among world peoples and nations, discovering and showing Iranian’s roles in shaping world culture and civilization and trying to enhance public knowledge.

Carpet Museum of Iran

In 1978, the founders of the Carpet Museum of Iran established this Museum with a limited number of Persian carpets and kilims, in order to revive and develop the art of carpet-weaving in the country, and to provide a source to satisfy the need for research about the historical background and evolution of this art. The Carpet Museum of Iran, with its beautiful architecture and facade resembling a carpet-weaving loom is located on the northwest of Laleh Park in Tehran. It is composed of two exhibition galleries covering an area of 3400 m2.The ground floor gallery is assigned for permanent exhibitions and the upper floor gallery is considered for the temporary exhibitions of carpets, kilims, and carpet designs.

Treasury of National Jewels

The National Jewelry Treasury is housed within the Central Bank of the Islamic Republic of Iran, at the heart of the City of Tehran. Here is the most dazzling collection of gemstones and jewelry known in the world. The Crown Jewels of Iran have been little more than a legend in the past. Travelers marveled at the splendor surrounding the shahs of ancient Persia; but few were permitted to examine it in any detail. Now the most spectacular objects have been placed on public display and form one of the country's principal tourist attractions.

Saadabad Museum - Palace

The Saadabad Palace is a palace built by the Pahlavi dynasty of Iran in the Shemiran area (north) of Tehran. This garden was the summer residence of Qajar Dynasty and has an area of 110 hectares, (275 acres). Reza Shah first lived there in the 1920s. Mohammad Reza Pahlavi moved there in the 1970s. After the Iranian Revolution it became a museum. The museums which are currently open to visitors are: Green Palace, Nation’s Palace, Military Museum, Water Museum, Behzad Museum, Museum of Fine Arts, Abkar Museum, Farshchian Museum, and Museum of Natural History.

Reza Abbasi Museum

The collections on display and in storage of this museum belong to a period from the 2nd millennium BC to the early 20th century which corresponds to the end of Qajar period. The displays are arranged chronologically, so visitors can have a chance to observe the development of art, culture and technology during this time interval. This setup has made the RAM unique between other museums in the country, in respect to the Iranian Art History. The objects exhibited in this museum include artifacts made of baked clay, metal and stone from the pre-historic times to pottery and metal objects, textile and lacquer painting belonging to the Islamic period. Other artworks on display in the RAM are paintings on canvas and paper, manuscripts and jewelry from pre-Islamic period, besides art and technology and calligraphy works of the Islamic period.

Golestan Palace

The oldest of the historic monuments in Tehran, the Golestan Palace (Palace of Flowers) belongs to a group of royal buildings that were once enclosed within the mud-thatched walls of Tehran’s Historic Arg (citadel). In its present state, Golestan Palace is the result of roughly 400 years construction and renovations. The buildings at the contemporary location each have a unique history. The Arg was built during the reign of Tahmasp I (r. 1524-1576) of the Safavid dynasty (1502–1736), and was later renovated by Karim Khan Zand (r. 1750-1779). Agha Mohamd Khan Qajar (1742–1797) chose Tehran as his capital. The Arg became the site of the Qajar (1794–1925). The Court and Golestan Palace became the official residence of the royal Qajar family. The palace was rebuilt to its current form in 1865 by Haji Abol-hasan Mimar Navai.

Glassware & Ceramic Museum of Iran, Abgineh Museum

As one of the Iranian famous museums, Abgineh museum comprises several halls and workshops and a library. Art works and handicrafts exhibited in this museum include three collections of porcelains, glassworks and crystals. The premises that have been turned into museum where glass and clay works are on display were built about 90 years ago upon orders of Ahmad Qavam (Qavam-ol-Saltaneh) for his personal lodging (residence and working office). The building is situated in a garden with a span of 7000 square meters and was used by Qavam himself till the year 1953.

Niavaran Palace Complex

Niavaran Palace Complex is a historical complex situated in the northern part of Tehran, Iran. It consists of several buildings and museums. The Sahebqraniyeh Palace, from the time of Naser al-Din Shah of Qajar dynasty, is also inside this complex. The main Niavaran Palace, completed in 1968, was the primary residence of Mohammad Reza Pahlavi and the Imperial family until the Iranian Revolution. The main palace was designed by the Iranian architect Mohsen Foroughi.

Malik National Museum of Iran

Malek National Museum and Library is a museum and national library in Tehran, Iran. It is one of the biggest library of precious manuscripts in Iran.

Malek National Library and Museum was stationed at Malek’s historical house until 1966. From that year the center was moved to a new building in the central part of Tehran and has expanded its activities.

The building and its contents were donated by Haj Hossein Agha Malek to the Astan Quds Razavi. Haj Hossein Agha Malek was one of the most remarkable intellectuals of the turn of the century in Iran and the most important art collector in Modern Iran. For over 70 years he has been associated with artistic donation, making it a familiar name among the Iranian lovers of art and culture. He donated most of his estate to the Astan Quds Razavi. The museum was funded by his estate and the site of the museum was also owned during his lifetime.

The museum was inaugurated in 1997. It currently contains around 19000 manuscripts, 70000 books as well as other historical items such as 3000 coins, stamps, carpets and paintings. Its most precious possessions are 13 paintings by Kamal-ol-molk and a manuscript collection with some of the finest Persian calligraphy.

The museum also holds a collection of oil paintings by Benettii, Lorrin, and Halaf, a remarkable selection of Persian carpets from regions across the country, metal works, lacquer works, and coins dating back to the Achaemenid era.

Cinema Museum of Iran

Before the advent of cinema in Iran, entertainment was a luxury afforded only by a small, well-to-do segment of the population while the great majority of the people had no money to spare.

Iran Film Museum is a good place to study the history of Iran's cinema. It has been established with the aim of preserving the heritage related to Iran's cinema. Books, scripts, photographs, international awards, accessories and decorations are displayed in the museum.

The idea of Iran Film Museum was seriously put forward in August 1994. The task of gathering documents, pictures, equipment and other remaining manifestations and memorabilia of Iranian cinema started when an old building in downtown Tehran was converted into the museum. The gathering of a great collection with such diversity amazed even the original founders and staff of the museum, was a hard, long and tortuous procedure.

While some people welcomed the idea and donated their collections and memorabilia to the museum, there were others from whom the museum staff had to receive historical items with the support of influential people.

The enthusiasm and motivation created by the large collection of memorabilia of Iranian cinema, created a hopeful and optimistic attitude and led to the founding of the museum much earlier than had been anticipated. The first phase of the museum was officially inaugurated in downtown Tehran in June 1998.

But the museum came practically to a halt. The dream of creating the film museum was materialized when the museum was moved to its present location in Bagh-e Ferdows, north of Tehran, with the support of Ministry of Culture and Islamic Guidance.


The pictures: It includes thousand photographs of the cinema scenes, back stages of cinematography and related activities as well as the artists and persons involved in the cinema industry. The oldest dates back to the first days of film presentation in Iran.

Scenarios: About 400 scenarios, which have been turned to the films, are kept in the museum.

Notices: More than 2,500 cinematic notices have been collected since 1931 and some of them have been exposed to presentation in museum.

Video films: 1,000 movies, together with 500 samples of short film, form the present pictorial archives of the museum.

Documents: It comprises almost 3,000 documents including governmental documents, historical documents, title deeds of the cinemas, etc, since 90 years ago up to now.

The mass media: Up to now, over 5,000 publications have been gathered in the museum.

There are seven saloons in the museum. Upon entering the garden, one can enter the saloons through the staircases of the beautiful building of Bagh-e Ferdows. 

The Music Museum of Iran 

The Music Museum of Iran is one of the must to see in Maqsoud Beik Street, north of Tehran that contains more than 20.000 records of Iranian music history, more than 410 musical instruments, all Persian folk music traditions belonging to various cultures and subcultures.

Iran's National Music Museum is managed by the Iranian Music Association.

The history of music culture in Iran goes back to thousand years ago.

Designs and miniatures belonging to the pre-Islamic period in Iran all indicate Iranians' interest and taste in music.

Even during the post-Islamic era, despite the imposing of some restrictions on music, this art survived in Iran.

Iran's music is a mixture of tunes and melodies which have been created in the course of history. Iranian local melodies are one of the richest, most beautiful and most diverse amongst the folklore melodies in the world. These melodies reflect the thoughts, lives, and nature of the people who created them.

Iran's musical instruments have been of immense importance since the ancient times. Around a hundred years ago, Iran's music was gradually separated from songs and followed its own way. Iranian musicians and composers mastered the Persian music and made innovations in it.

The Music Museum of Iran consists of several sections including: wind instruments collection, string instruments, national musical instruments, specialized library, instrument building workshop, musical gallery in different sections such as precious instruments exhibition hall of the museum, performance hall and music recording studio, specialized library, storage area for optimum keeping of instruments, manuscripts storage area, coffee shop, and an active audio-visual section.

In this museum the audio visual archive of Golshan Ebrahimi, which according to music enthusiasts is the riches archive of Iranian music, is housed. In it more than 12,000 hours of music, including 4,167 reels, 4,442 cassettes, and 1,826 hours of musical instruction, and 2,000 pictures are included.

The museum is an astonishing place to visit. You can feel yourself among distinguished musicians of Iranian History.

*Photo Credit: Fars News, TasnimCHN, Mehr News

طراحی و توسعه آگاه‌سیستم