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Future Outlook of Iran – Egypt Relations

Monday, July 2, 2012

Dr. Mahmoud Vaezi, Vice President for Foreign Policy Studies,
Center for Strategic Research

An important development has taken place in Egypt. The development started with the downfall of the country’s former dictator, Hosni Mubarak, and has continued so far. The Egyptian army, of course, still has a firm grip on power.

Egypt’s presidential election and victory of the Muslim Brotherhood’s candidate, Mohammed Morsi, can be considered among major developments following the fall of Mubarak which will leave its mark on domestic and foreign policies of the country.

As for the future outlook of Egypt’s relations with Iran, one can say that given the backdrop of those relations and the fact that Iran had many problems with Mubarak’s regime, it seems that Tehran’s ties with Cairo will change under the influence of the recent developments. Of course, this will also depend on a variety of other factors.

Close study of Egypt’s developments will make any analyst reach the conclusion that Iran's relations with Egypt will certainly change for the better compared to what they were under Mubarak, but the degree of closeness between the two countries will be determined by the following factors:

1. The Americans are trying through the Egyptian military to continue their control of, at least, some power tools. Therefore, they are not especially happy about normalization of relations between Iran and Egypt.

2. Some Arab states seek to prevent normalization of ties between Tehran and Cairo.

3. The Zionist regime of Israel is another obstacle to normalization. Even if Tel Aviv fails to directly influence the Muslim Brotherhood, it will try to do it indirectly.

4. The next impediment is Salafi lawmakers in the Egyptian parliament which sway the highest degree of influence on the legislature following the Muslim Brotherhood and are, on the other hand, under heavy influence of Saudi Arabia.

These factors have been regularly hampering improvement of relations between Iran and Egypt. Of course, there are also positive factors which can help promote cordial ties:

1. The Egyptian people are among positive factors as they are eagerly calling for the reestablishment of relations between their country and Iran;

2. On the other hand, there are leaders of the Muslim Brotherhood whose viewpoints are considerably different from those of Salafi extremists. In general, the Muslim Brotherhood’s approach to relations with Iran and Egypt’s foreign relations is much more balanced than Salafis.

3. On the whole, considering all existing negative and positive factors, one can be optimistic about further development of relations between Iran and Egypt under new circumstances.

Regional Goals of Wahhabis

As for the negative propaganda launched by Wahhabi elements against Iran, this phenomenon can be traced back to the central core of Wahhabism, namely Saudi Arabia. Riyadh is spending a lot of money in order to increase its influence on Salafi groups in Muslim countries which have been the scene of political developments and touched by the wave of the Islamic Awakening, and make them implement Salafi policies of Saudi Arabia.

Dire Straits for the Zionist Regime

Egypt is a very important country because it has been a pioneer in political and cultural affairs in the Arab world. As a result, political developments in Egypt are sure to affect other Arab countries. Election of a Muslim Brotherhood member to presidency in Egypt will certainly leave its mark on other Islamic countries which have been already swept by the wave of the Islamic Awakening.

On the other hand, the West and the United States have done their best during past decades to turn Egypt into a regional base through which they would be able to normalize the Zionist regime’s position among regional states. In doing so, they also meant to put higher pressure on the Palestinian groups through Egypt. After what has happened, the pressures on the Palestinians will reduce and their situation will improve. Also, efforts made by the Zionist entity to normalize conditions will be stalled. Zionists are no more at ease about their borders and, all told, the Zionist regime is now under more difficult conditions than any time before.

Starting Point of the Islamic Awakening

The ongoing developments in the region are very important and countries which can take the initiative will also make the most of those developments. In the meantime, the Islamic Awakening in the region actually kicked off 33 years ago with the victory of the Islamic Revolution in Iran. Therefore, Iran can play a more important role in regional developments compared to other countries.

Key Words: Iran – Egypt Relations, Muslim Brotherhood, Arab States, US, Israel, Islamic Awakening, Vaezi 

Source: Mashreghnews.IR
http://www.mashreghnews.ir/
Translated By: Iran Review

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