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FARS: THE IDENTITY OF IRAN’S CIVILIZATION

Monday, April 14, 2008

Fars province, which contains many historical relics like Persepolis, Pasargad and the ancient Estakhr city, is thus considered as the identity of Iran’s civilization.

The province has an area of 123,946 square kilometers, which constitutes about 7.5 percent of Iran’s total area and has a population of about four million. It has been the seat of various Iranian governments during various historical periods.

Under the Achaemenids, about 500 years B.C., under the Sassanids, as well as under the rule of Al-e Bouyeh and Zand dynasties, the province has played its major historical and geographical role in Iran. There are many historical clues to ancient Iran in the province among which one can mention Persepolis, palace of Sassanid kings, Bishapour city, Atiq Grand Mosque, Vakil market, mosque and bathhouse, Citadel of Karim Khan Zand and Pasargad. Therefore, the province has a major claim to the most important historical relics of the country.

The province is also burial place for such dignitaries as Ahmad ibn Mousa, Seyed Alaeddin Hossein, Saadi, the Achaemenid king, Cyrus the Great, Hafez, and Khajouy-e Kermani.

Persepolis

Persepolis is located 60 km from Marvdasht city to the north of the provincial capital of Shiraz. In Persian, the word means “the land of Achaemenid” and is located on mountain slopes. In addition to residential quarters, Persepolis contains various spaces which have been used for military and service purposes. It has been a capital city for Achaemenid kings who went there when climatic conditions were favorable. Achaemenid kings held traditional rituals of new Iranian year there.

Estakhr City

Estakhr is the name of an ancient city which has been among the biggest cities of its time and has been surrounded by four gates. At present, one gate is located at the juncture of Marvdasht and Arsanjan roads and another one can be found in the south of Marvdasht city. The ruins of Estakhr are located 7 km from Persepolis and are known as “Takht-e Tavous (Peacock Throne)”. Major remnants of the old city include a stone gate, columns, and stone walls which date back to Achaemenid era.

Lost paradise

The lost paradise is located northwest of Shiraz and near Marvdasht city. It is visited by many travelers every year and is flanked by vertical and high cliffs.

Zahhaq Fortress

Zahhaq Fortress is located southeast of Shiraz near Fasa city. The fortress has been built near prehistoric ruins and dates back to the Sassanid era. The name “Fasa” has been mentioned in Achaemenid inscriptions which attest to old age of the city.

Citadel of Karim Khan

Citadel of Karim Khan has been the palace of Karim Khan Zand, the famous ruler of Shiraz and was built on his order in 1180 AH. He used the most skillful stonecutters and architects to build it. Under Pahlavi rule, it was used as a prison for women.

Vakil bathhouse

Vakil bathhouse has been built by Karim Khan, the king of Zand dynasty. The bathhouse is located at the center of Shiraz and has been built according to the most advanced architectural principles of its time. The main compartment is covered with stones and there are two special daises on both sides of the compartment.

Bishapour cave

Bishapour cave is located in central part of Fars province near Kazeroun city in the mountains which overlook Chogan Pass. Constant fall of various stones in the course of many years has created a big stone column at the mouth of the cave. A Sassanid artist has carved it into a statue of Shapour I and it can be called the biggest statue in Iran.

Parishan Lake

Parishan Lake is located near the city of Kazeroun. It is the biggest fresh water lake in Iran and is a natural habitat for migrating birds in wintertime. Water resources of Parishan Lake are mainly supplied by rainfall and nearby springs.

Margoun falls

Margoun falls is a major tourist resort in north of Shiraz near Sepidan city and is formed by Kamher river and its basin. The blend between forests, mountains and river has created a very beautiful scene at Margoun.

Bamou area

Bamou area is located opposite Bamou Mountain, 19 km from Shiraz and facing Allaho Akbar Pass. The area is habitat of rare animal and plant species and contains Roknabad and Ab Zangi aqueducts.

Other tourism attractions in Fars province include Joushak spring, Qalat village, Pir Bonab, Kouhmareh Sorkhi Falls, Qara Aghaj River, Bandar Fortress….

Having many attractions for domestic and foreign tourists, Fars province plays host to millions of them during various periods of the year, especially in new Iranian year holidays.

طراحی و توسعه آگاه‌سیستم