Competition for Cooperation, Not for Making Crises

Friday, December 5, 2014

Abdolreza Ghofrani
Former Senior Diplomat and International Analyst

It is now more than one year that Iran and P5+1 have had breathtaking hectic negotiations, and the talks will persist for seven months to come and probably the two sides will conclude a final comprehensive nuclear agreement. By and large, it is a vexing and inconvenient way to pursue. The objective is to reach a balanced nuclear deal from that not only the two parties will derive deserved benefits, but it will serve the interests of all countries of the world and particularly the nations of crisis stricken Middle East. Over the past couple of months the benefits of the above said deal have been time and again discussed. This author is not to replicate those benefits. Though repeating those points may be even useful and necessary. Iran has over and over again declared that her uranium enrichment have been for industry and peaceful purposes, however to appease the global public opinion and particularly the regional countries, it agreed to proceeding with this challenging negotiations. Now it should have been crystal clear for the whole world what has been the objective of Iran for enrichment. Iran has been flexible more than it was initially expected, because it abides by international rules and regulations and serious for upholding global peace and stability and eventually that of the region's.

Under these circumstances that the negotiating teams of the two sides are painstakingly trying to conclude a balanced and fair deal, with its baseless and vague claims and allegations, Israel do not spare any effort to undermine the process. However as many analysts and political circles now do believe Israel has not too much staunch support and as put wisely by an author, Tel Aviv has been further isolated. Undoubtedly, Israel is not seeking for peace and stability in this region, so any hostile action on the part of Israel should not take anybody by surprise and be unexpected.

However, in the course of the year long nuclear talks, new opposing countries have emerged, unfortunately being determined to block any achievement of the negotiations and conclusion of any deal. So far, given some considerations, these countries have tried to covert their opposition, but they spared no effort to torpedo the talks. Before 24 November there were, however, episodes that should be given some thought. In fact those countries, that were trying covertly to stall and fail the talks, did emerge and now boldly ignoring international public opinion oppose the talks and spare no effort to undermine the process. This absolutely does not serve the peace and stability of the region.

Reportedly, in the words of Suzanne Maloney, an expert of Iran affairs, Saudi Arabia has threatened, should Iran and 5+1 sign a nuclear agreement recognizing the former have the right of some enrichment capabilities and progression, the Kingdom would undertake the same venture. If Saudi Arabia, she has said, intends to take on a nuclear project, obviously the Kingdom, having close relations with nuclear states such as Pakistan, can have access to the resources and potentialities it needs; and this will assist the kingdom to rapidly develop and advance the plan. Certainly this will account for arms rivalries in the region which is a dangerous episode and is unacceptable and unrespectable by countries of the region.

If all these reports and comments are true, shouldn't we take it as hindrance for the peace and stability in this sensitive region? Now most of the political circles and analysts have this conviction in common that nuclear agreement and securing the peace and stability of this region has tight interrelationship. In present conditions that Iran and 5+1 are making their best endeavors to reach an agreement and uproot the peace threatening sources in the region and establish an enduring and sustainable security and stability in this region, how this policy must be interpreted? What are the consequences of that? Then who is responsible for deteriorating of the situations in the M.E.? It is worthy to note that the apprehensions of Saudi Arabia and some other countries of the region for nuclear power of Iran are pointless.

Moreover, Saudi Arabia oil overproduction has accounted for a glut in energy markets and the sharp fall of crude prices as much as 40 US$ p/b through 2014 that has no economic logic and is thoroughly political motivated. Certainly this is not beneficial to anyone. Firstly, this will just perplex the world oil market. In the last OPEC Ministerial meeting In Vienna, Saudis' opposition to reduction of oil production in order to maintain the crude prices, or stop further fall of the prices, indicates that they are following their own logic and not the international norms and standard. Secondly, this will cause the oil producing countries, most of them in this region, to lose huge income and eventually be entangled with economic problems. Certainly all this will just complicate and deepen difficulties of the region.

Saudi Arabia should notice that Iran as a powerful country (either with nuclear energy or without it), having influence in the developments of the region, in no way is seeking for hegemony and adventurism. Because Iranian leaders are pretty aware that for development and growth, security and peace is the top priority. Iran knows well that the lack of stability and calmness is not to the interest of this country. If Iran intends to enter a competition, it will be a competition for cooperation aiming at peace and security.

By and large, in this circumstances the global public opinion are able to judge that what  are the sources of crises and where they should seek for those who create them.

Key Words: Iran, P5+1, Middle East, Global Peace and Stability, Israel, Saudi Arabia, Enrichment Capabilities, Oil Overproduction, OPEC, Competition for Cooperation, Ghofrani

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