Bushehr: Land of Sun on the Coasts of Persian Gulf

Sunday, April 20, 2008

Bushehr, the sunny land south of Iran is neighboring the Persian Gulf and has been a cradle of Persian civilization and the land of brave men who have fought foreign forces.

Bushehr province has an area of about 23,167 square kilometers in south Iran. The province is bound to Khuzestan and part of Kohkiluyeh and Boyer Ahmad province on the north, to the Persian Gulf and part of Hormuzgan province on the south and west, and to Fars province on the east.

Bushehr province has a population of one million and includes nine cities: Bushehr (capital city), Tangestan Dashtestan, Dashti, Dayyer, Kangan, Genaveh, Jam and Deilam.

Bushehr province dates back to Elamite era, that is, about 4,000 years ago. It has rocky coasts, pleasant climate in the fall and winter, warm and cold springs, beautiful palm orchards, and coral islands.

The old architecture of Bushehr is among the rarest and the most beautiful along the Persian Gulf. There are many old, big buildings which are more than 100 years old and represent local arts and architecture of Bushehr.

Such buildings as Haj Re’is, Malek, Golshan, Amiriyeh, Kazerouni, and Dehdashti are among spectacular buildings of Bushehr.

Other scenic parts of Bushehr include Reishahr, Qavam water store, cemetery of British generals, anthropological museum of Bushehr and the dock.

The tower of Khormoj castle in Khormoj is among the most important tourism attractions of Dashti city. Architectural style of the Seljuk castle is inspired by Sassanid style which uses alcoves and plasterwork for decorating walls and inside rooms.

Kalatmand and Dokhtar Castle are other archeological attractions of Dashti city which attract many visitors per year.

Shahzadeh Mohammad is located at Sheikhan village and is an attraction of the province in addition to Shirineh and Darab Khan Castle.

Gour Dokhtar building is located in Dashtestan and is an important tourism attraction. It is very similar to the tomb of Cyrus the Great at Pasargad and dates back to sixth century before Christ. Gour Dokhtar attracts many visitors per year.

Koushk Ardeshir building is among spectacular regions of the province. The building is very similar to Ardeshir Palace in Firouzabad, Fars province. Foundation of Koushk is like a cross and includes many arches.

The Achaemenid Bardak Siah Palace is located 12 km from Borazjan and is part of provincial attractions along with Achaemenid Charkhab Palace, Chehelkhaneh Cave, and Abpakhsh palm orchards.

The house and museum of Shahid Raeisali Delvari, is located in Delvar, some 45 km from Bushehr.

The struggles of Raeisali Delvari against British colonialism more than 80 years ago still linger in the minds of local people.

In north of Ahram, there are several castles called Kalat, castles which are attributed to Khazar Khan Tangestani and were used when the British forces attacked Iran.

There is a spa at Mir region of Tangestan, which is known as Mir-Ahmad Spa and has many therapeutic properties.

Another scenic site in Tangestan is Qoucharak spa at the coastal area.

The historical port city of Siraf dates back to Sassanid era and the rule of Ardeshir Babakan and is another tourism attraction of Kangan city.

Discovery of cylindrical cellars made of mortar on the slopes of mountains overlooking the city prove that the historical port has been built in Sassanid era.

The port city reached it acme in early centuries after Islam. In addition to Siraf port city, the natural park of Naiband is another spectacular site in Kangan city.

Dayyer city contains one of the oldest mosques of the province which is known as Bardestan Mosque. The mosque comprises a rectangular building with a small entrance and a big yard.

Along Deilam Road and out of Genaveh City, near Emamzadeh Hill, there is a big dome with dark blue tiles which is known as Soleiman bin Ali Dome. Another attractive place in Genaveh City is Todio Cave which is located near Qayed Heidar Village. Also, Baba Kolou Fire Temple in Mal Qayed village and cliff shelter of Mal Qayed, are other spectacular places in the city.

About 20 km south of Deilam Port, near Imam Hassan (AS) Bay, there are the ruins of “Siniz” port. The region has been prosperous up to 321 AH, that is, the year that unrests began in the region.

Hesar village which is located after Imam Hassan (AS) village has been the site of the western wall of the Siniz city and its ruins still remain.

Qara Chenaq is the name of a series of aqueducts in Jam city which is more than 200 years old and has been dug in the mountains. Pedari Mountain (Pardis) is one of the oldest and the most scenic areas in Jam city. There is an aqueduct which is believed to be more than 2,500 years old.

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