Iran's 11th Presidential Election (No. 8): Biographies of Eight Qualified Candidates for Iran Presidential Election

Wednesday, May 22, 2013

After a few days of waiting, Iran's Interior Ministry has officially published the list of eight presidential candidates whose qualifications have been approved by the country’s election supervisory body, the Guardian Council.

The names of the eight candidates include: Saeed Jalili, Gholamali Haddad Adel, Mohsen Rezaei, Hassan Rohani, Mohammad Reza Aref, Seyed Mohammad Gharazi, Mohammad Baqer Ghalibaf, and Ali Akbar Velayati.

For the information of its audience, Iranian Students News Agency (ISNA) has published a short report on the educational and working records of the candidates which follows:

Saeed Jalili

Jalili was born in the Tollab neighborhood of the holy city of Mashhad in 1945. He completed his academic studies up to a doctorate degree in political science from Imam Sadeq (AS) University of Tehran and has good command of Arabic and English. During the Sacred Defense (eight-year war between Iran and Iraq) he attended the warfronts and was seriously wounded during Operation Karbala 5 in 1986. He entered Iran's Foreign Ministry in 1989 before moving on to work at the Office of the Leader of the Islamic Revolution Ayatollah Seyyed Ali Khamenei as the official in charge of “current affairs” in 2001. Following presidential election on June 24, 2005, he was first marked by the newly elected President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad to take over the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. However, due to certain considerations, he was appointed as head of the Foreign Ministry’s Europe and US Department. He is the current secretary of the Supreme National Security Council and is in charge of following up on the country’s nuclear case as head of Iran's nuclear negotiation team.

Gholamali Haddad Adel

He was born in Tehran in May 1945. Haddad Adel was appointed as deputy minister of culture and Islamic guidance in 1979, and was deputy education minister from 1982 to 1993. Since 1995 up to the present time (except for a period from 2004 to 2008), he has been heading the Academy of Persian Language and Literature. Haddad Adel has been representing the people of Tehran in Iran's parliament (Majlis) for 13 years through sixth, seventh, eighth, and ninth terms of the parliament. From 2004 to 2008 he served as Iran's parliament speaker. He has been also an advisor to Leader of the Islamic Revolution Ayatollah Seyyed Ali Khamenei from 2008 up to the present time.

Mohsen Rezaei

He was born in August 1954. Rezaei was on one occasion arrested for his political activities by Savak (former Shah’s secret service) in the southwestern city of Ahvaz. On the eve of the victory of the Islamic Revolution and before the return of Imam Khomeini to Iran, he was a member of Mansouroun Society and served with a special unit which was missioned to protect Imam Khomeini after his return to Iran. Rezaei was appointed as member of the Islamic Revolution Guards Corps’ Command Council in June 1979. He was then appointed as the commander of the IRGC by Imam Khomeini in September 1981. Rezaei was appointed as “Secretary of the Expediency Council” in August 1997, and started early studies on the formulation of Iran's 20-Year Perspective Plan.

Hassan Rohani

Hassan Rohani was born in the city of Sorkheh on November 12, 1948. He has been member of the Assembly of Experts since 1999, and member of the Expediency Council since 1991. Rohani became a member of the Supreme National Security Council in 1989 and has also served as President of the Center for Strategic Research, which is affiliated to the Expediency Council, since 1992. He was deputy speaker of the Iranian parliament during its fourth and fifth terms, and secretary of the Supreme National Security Council from 1989 to 2005. In that capacity, Rohani also served as the head of Iran's nuclear negotiation team, and has come under fire since then for his role in accepting suspension of Iran's uranium enrichment program.

Mohammad Reza Aref

Mohammad Reza Aref was born in the central city of Yazd in 1951. He obtained his master’s degree in 1976 followed by his doctorate in electrical engineering, majoring in telecommunications, in 1980, both from Stanford University, before going back to Iran. During early years after the Islamic Revolution, he served in such state-run bodies as Iran Telecommunications Company, and Ministry of Culture and Higher Education (currently known as Ministry of Science, Research and Technology). Aref also served as Chancellor of Tehran University from 1994 to 1997. During the tenure of former President Mohammad Khatami’s reformist administration, he served as Minister of Post, Telegraph and Telephone from 1997 to 2000. Aref was appointed Vice President and head of Management and Planning Organization of Iran from 2000 to 2001. He served as Iran's First Vice President from 2001 to 2005. Aref is associate member of Iran Academy of Sciences, member of the Supreme Council of the Cultural Revolution, and member of the Expediency Council.

Seyed Mohammad Gharazi

Gharazi was born in the central city of Isfahan in 1941, and holds a master’s degree in electronics. He served as Minister of Petroleum in the Cabinet of the former prime minister, Mir-Hossein Mousavi, and as Minister of Post, Telegraph and Telephone, in the Cabinet of the former President Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani.

Mohammad Baqer Qalibaf

Qalibaf was born in the northeastern city of Torqabeh, Khorasan Province, in 1961. Following the victory of the Islamic Revolution in 1979 and the beginning of the Iraqi Imposed War, he went to the warfronts. He was appointed as commander of the Islamic Revolution Guards Corps’ Air Force by Leader of the Islamic Revolution Ayatollah Seyyed Ali Khamenei in 1997. Qalibaf was later appointed as Iran police chief in 2000. Members of Tehran Islamic City Council voted Qalibaf Tehran mayor in 2005 and he has been serving in that capacity during the past eight years.

Ali Akbar Velayati

Velayati was born in Rostamabad, a village in Shemiran district of Tehran, on June 25, 1945. He is a physician specializing in pediatrics and has completed his subspecialty fellowship in infectious diseases at Johns Hopkins University of the United States. His office is located at Shahrak-e Gharb neighborhood of Tehran and he is also head of Massih-e Daneshvari Hospital. Velayati was first a deputy minister of health following the victory of the Islamic Revolution. He was chosen as representative of Tehran in the first term of the country’s post-revolution parliament. Later on, he served as foreign minister for 16 years in the cabinets of the former presidents Ayatollah Seyyed Ali Khamenei, and Ayatollah Hashemi Rafsanjani. Velayati was appointed as advisor to the Leader in international affairs in 1997 and has been serving in that capacity since that time.

Source: Iranian Students News Agency (ISNA)
Translated By: Iran Review.Org

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