April 30 Designated National Persian Gulf Day

Saturday, May 10, 2008

Persian Gulf and its name are among valuable legacies of ancient Iranians. That legacy has been handed down by ancient Iranians to their offspring, so as to be a cause of honor for the next generations that should know that their national symbols which are covered by the glaze of divine and religious values, has always made them proud throughout the history.

Persian Gulf in history

Since humans started to write history and geography became a science, the name of Persian Gulf has always been among the four known seas of ancient times. Ancient Greeks maintain that all those seas were part of a huge ocean which surrounded the world. Many years before the Achaemenid king, Darius, talked about Pars Sea in his inscriptions, the world, even non-Iranians knew this area as Pars Sea.

Persian Gulf can be found in the most ancient written sources because it dates back to a long time before the birth of Christ.

Persian Gulf is so old that some experts maintain that Persian Gulf is the cradle of human civilization. The ancient inhabitants of this region were the first sailors of the world who invented shipping. However, sailing by Iranians in the Persian Gulf started about 500 years B.C. and under the rule of Darius I. Darius the Great established the first marine fleet of the world and his ships traveled over Sind River up to the coasts of the Indian Ocean, Sea of Oman and the Persian Gulf. They then circled the Arabian Peninsula and reached the end of the red Sea. For the first time, he ordered a canal to be dug where the present day Suez Canal stands and it was through that canal that Iranian ships entered the Mediterranean. An ancient tablet has been found at the canal on which it was written “I am Persian. I conquered Egypt from Persia. I ordered this canal to be dug between the river which flows in Egypt and the sea which comes from the Persian land. I have ordered ships to come from Egypt to Persia through this canal and this was my will.” This is the first written document on the Persian Gulf. The name “Persian Gulf” has been mentioned in travel log of Pythagoras, which was written in 570 B.C., and it can be found in all written documents up to 1958.

Even after the advent of Islam, all non-Iranian scientists and scholars and Arab pundits like Shahab ud-Din al-Nawiri, and Ibn Hawqal al-Nasibi al-Baghdadi used the name “Persian Gulf” and drew its map without having the least speck of doubt about originality of that name. However, the thirst for power made Abdulkarim Qasim, a former Iraqi president, to try to pitch Arabs against Iranians by using the fake name “Arabian Gulf” for the first time. After victory of the Islamic Revolution in 1979 and due to imperialistic instigations, similar efforts have been in vogue.

When Gamal Abdel Nasser became president of Egypt, he officially urged the Arab countries to use “Arabian Gulf” instead of Persian Gulf due to his Arab prejudices.

However, from the time that Pythagoras wrote his travel logs in 570 B.C. to 1958; all written documents have called the region the Persian Gulf or have used other equivalent names.

Persian Gulf littoral countries and the whole world should be aware that it would not be possible for them to erase history just in the same way that for many years, Israel has not been able to erase the name of Palestine. Now, they should know that their dreams would never come true because all Iranian men and women are ready to protect and defend the Persian Gulf with all their might.


طراحی و توسعه آگاه‌سیستم