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Anniversary of Iranian Airbus Crash: Evolution of “State Terrorism” Concept

Monday, July 7, 2008

Evolution of “State Terrorism” Concept: Outcome of US Preventive War

The theory of preventive war, which has been advocated by neoconservatives at the White House, is the continuation and logical outcome of state terrorism, which has led to occupation of Afghanistan and Iraq and has disturbed harmony of the region.
During the last year of Iran’s war with Iraq (1988), special conditions dominated the Middle East region. After eight years of war of attrition, now the United States had gotten directly involved in the war and escalation of missile attacks against cities (including Tehran) combined with conflicts between Iranian speedboats and the US Navy had changed the course of war and all those measures aimed at forcing Iran to accept to end the war.

The most unexpected measure by the United States at that juncture was shooting down of an Iranian passenger Airbus plane over the Persian Gulf on July 2, 1988. In fact, in pursuit of its policy to “change Iran’s behavior”, the United States had resorted to the most obvious terrorist tool, that is, shooting down a passenger plane which was flying through an ordinary corridor.

The measure by the American Navy, which had few historical precedents, cannot be described by any other phrase than “state terrorism”. However, that terrorist act was not carried out by a small or secret armed group, but by an official army and the government of the United States.

Some 299 Iranian nationals and foreign passengers aboard Flight 655 lost their lives as a result of the attack.

Due to special conditions reigning over the international atmosphere during those years, shooting down of the Iranian Airbus was met with the least international reaction and even Captain Rogers, commander of USS Vincennes, who had confessed that the shooting had been done out of mistake, was given a Medal of Honor, so as to assure the American forces that even if their mistakes led to loss of lives of about 300 innocent people, their deeds would be forgiven and even “appreciated”.

The modern concept of terrorism dates back to before the World War I (1914) and emergence of anarchism in Europe. The crown prince of Austria was the first victim of modern terrorism whose murder led to the World War I. However, in the course of time, especially after the end of World War II and the beginning of the Cold War, political, strategic, military, and economic rivalries between the two superpowers added to complexities of terrorism.

If in modern terrorism, an act of terror was limited to firing a number of bullets or detonating a bomb, the “state terrorism” sponsored by US authorities is trying to shape the public opinion in order to glorify terrorism and justify it within the framework of the national interests or national security of the United States.

In classic terrorism, terrorists should live in secret and have no official posts or status. In state terrorism, however, terrorists occupy the highest government posts and feel no urge to go into hiding.

The theory of preventive war, which has been advocated by neoconservatives at the White House, is continuation and logical outcome of state terrorism, which has led to occupation of Afghanistan and Iraq and has disturbed harmony of the region.

Here, all military and political facilities of a government are used for physical or character assassination and due to political immunity of governments; any form of crime against humanity remains an obscure case, thus paving the way for more crimes.

It seems that the major challenge now facing international law as well as the United States and the Security Council is escalation of this phenomenon, which is officially supported by the US government.

Source: http://www.mehrnews.com/fa/

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