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"Dual Containment" Policy in the Persian Gulf The USA, Iran, and Iraq, 1991-2000

Tuesday, May 26, 2015

Author: Alex Edwards

Series: Middle East Today
Hardcover: 224 pages
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan (December 17, 2014)
Language: English
ISBN-10: 1137436352
ISBN-13: 978-1137436351

Book Description

This book offers a concise account of US "dual containment" policy towards Iran and Iraq during the 1990s, an overlooked era between the tumult of the liberation of Kuwait and the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001. In particular, it uses a theoretical framework derived from neoclassical realism to examine the impact of domestic US politics and interest groups on policymaking, as well as perceptions of threat derived from two decades of mutual hostility between the US and Iran. The book argues that US attempts to contain Iran and Iraq were influenced strongly by a host of domestic political factors - the starkly negative perceptions of Iran and Iraq by US policymakers, interest groups seeking to shape both the debate and policy, and the struggle between Congress and the White House to control the foreign policy agenda (everything we see today, in other words). Delving back further into history, it also examines the legacy of the Cold War and regional rivalries in both 'pushing' and 'pulling' the US into Gulf affairs.

Subjects

International Relations, Foreign Policy and Diplomacy, Politics, Middle Eastern and North African (MENA) Politics, American Politics, Middle Eastern and Cental Asian Studies, Middle East Politics and Law

Table of Contents

1. Introduction
2. US Foreign Policy in the Persian Gulf, 1945-1991
3. The Balance of Power in the Persian Gulf, 1945-1991
4. Dual Containment: Conception, Evolution, Implementation
5. A Triumphant America and a Villainous Iran: Perception as an Intervening Variable
6. Two Voices: Domestic Institutions as an Intervening Variable
7. "Mischiefs of Faction": Interest Groups as an Intervening
8. Conclusions and Intervening Variables Assessed

Review

'Alex Edwards has produced a theoretically rich and empirically detailed account of US policy in the Gulf during the 1990s. At a time when a new generation of American policymakers are again grappling with the issue of whether and how to contain security threats in Iraq and political evolution in Iran, this book provides a timely and particularly relevant reminder of the tangled legacy of past policies that continue to affect decision-making today.' - Kristian Coates Ulrichsen, Rice University, USA "Alex Edwards provides a lucid and comprehensive analysis of Clinton Administration policy in the Gulf. His work fills a gap in our understanding of the international politics of the region." - F. Gregory Gause, Professor of International Affairs and head of the International Affairs Department at the Bush School of Government and Public Service, Texas A&M University

"Edwards has produced a theoretically-rich and empirically-detailed account of US policy in the Gulf during the 1990s. At a time when a new generation of American policymakers are again grappling with the issue of whether and how to contain security threats in Iraq and political evolution in Iran, this book provides a timely and particularly relevant reminder of the tangled legacy of past policies that continue to affect decision-making today." Kristian Coates Ulrichsen, Rice University

About the Author

Alex Edwards graduated from the London School of Economics and Political Science, UK, with a PhD in International Relations in 2013.

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