Iran Review > Articles
Iran's Oceanic Potentialities: Challenges and Opportunities
Wednesday, May 17, 2017

Bahram Amir Ahmadian

As a stable country in the restive Middle East region, Iran enjoys a good position to play a better role in the region. Iran is located at the best geographical position, which is similar to a crossroads. The country would be able to promote this geographical position to a geopolitical one if it could convince eight landlocked countries in Central Asia (including five former Soviet Union republics), Afghanistan (in east) and countries in Caucasus (Azerbaijan and Armenia) to use its geographical space, tie their economies to Iran's economy, take their pipelines through Iran, and also take advantage of the Islamic Republic’s transportation networks.

The “Feminization of Displacement”; case study: Afghan Migratory Flows
Wednesday, February 15, 2017

Saideh Saidi
Migratory movements were old as mankind itself. International migration has been changed to some novelties in recent trends, and one of these consists in the increase of female migration. There is extensive literature on gender and migration which try to redress the notion of movement with the gender-based lens to analyze how women and men’s migration experiences differ in various aspects such as adaptation strategies, remittance, and decision-making process. 

Development of Iran - Afghanistan Ties Awaiting Serious Bilateral Investment
Friday, September 9, 2016

Pir-Mohammad Mollazehi
In a futuristic approach, it seems that promotion of relations between Iran and Afghanistan to a level higher than their current level needs serious investment in all political, economic, cultural, security and military fields, because Afghanistan needs foreign assistance in all these sectors and heavily depends on that assistance.

Europe in Decline as Charismatic Leaders Are in Short Supply
Tuesday, September 6, 2016

Ardeshir Zarei Ghanavati
Apart from failure of neoliberal agendas, European countries and, basically speaking, the Western civilization is now grappling with three concurrent and totally interrelated problems and the quality of interaction with every one of these problems will have a direct effect on other aspects of this issue as well. These three problems, which include immigration, international terrorism, and strengthening of the radical right parties within the civil society and across the political structure of these societies, have had a great influence on these societies. 

Kurdish Developments in the Middle East
Tuesday, September 6, 2016

Ja'far Haghpanah
Under conditions when no government has absolute power to control strategic developments related to Kurds and no government has been willing or able to pay high costs attached to those developments, it seems that as it was the case in past years, the Kurdish issue is still a dependent, not an independent, variable in international system as well as in transitional security system of the region. Most stakeholder governments use this dependent variable as a card to create balance in the region, set the rules of the game and determine the sphere of influence of Kurdish political and military groups. 

Iran and the Threat of Salafism
Wednesday, August 31, 2016

Rasoul Souri & Jahan Heidari
Those dimensions of Salafism which are threatening to Iran can be divided into ideological (anti-Shia propaganda) and geopolitical (due to Iran’s common borders with Afghanistan, Pakistan and Iraq which has security effects, especially on the Sunni-dominant parts of the country). 
After the rise of al-Qaeda, Sunni inhabited regions of the country started to consider those groups as a model. In parallel, their expectation to take part in social, political and cultural fields of the country started to rise. The final outcome was creation of religious differences and taking negative stances. In this way, the ethnic challenge that existed in various parts of the country, especially in its eastern regions, took on a religious hue. 

Future Political Outlook for Shia Muslims in Saudi Arabia
Saturday, August 27, 2016

Hossein Kebriaeezadeh
Shia Muslims constitute the most important minority, and of course the most discriminated group of people, living within the national borders of Saudi Arabia. All groups affiliated with Saudi Shias, which according to the most conservative estimates make up 5-15 percent of the kingdom’s population, mostly live in the Eastern Province and the cities of Qatif (97 percent), al-Ahsa (60 percent), and Dammam (20 percent). Shia people in al-Ahsa and Qatif form the biggest Shia population in the Persian Gulf region after Iraq and they are also the biggest Shia population in the Arab world after Lebanon and Iraq.

Brexit and Prospects for Britain’s Governance: An Exploratory Approach
Saturday, August 13, 2016

Ali Biniaz
If this is true, then one of the future approaches of the UK and other European powers can be related to rebuilding regional order in the Middle East. Therefore, compared to the United States, Britain and the rest of European countries can create more economic and social opportunities for themselves through working with countries in the Middle East, especially with the Islamic Republic of Iran. 

Sense of Retrenchment in the Strategic Thinking of Iran’s Foreign Policy
Friday, August 12, 2016

Behzad Khoshandam
Soft power, historical and traditional influence, public diplomacy and the approach taken to bolstering friendship among regional countries by the nation-state of Iran, which is based on teachings of modern politics and in line with principles of good neighborliness, are among the most important factors strengthening Iran’s sense of retrenchment under critical global conditions in 2016. 

Developments in Eurasia Disturb Regional Peace and Stability
Wednesday, August 3, 2016

Bahram Amir-Ahmadian
In addition to unemployment, workforce immigration, poverty and widespread corruption, this region is facing the threats of terrorism and drug trafficking as well. These two threats are common enemies of all regional countries and, at a higher level, the entire world and humanity. 
Iran is ready to share its valuable experiences in fighting terrorism and illicit drugs with other regional countries. Tehran is also ready to engage in certain forms of regional cooperation with regional countries under the supervision of the United Nations.