Iran Review > Articles
Kurdish Developments in the Middle East
Tuesday, September 6, 2016

Ja'far Haghpanah
Under conditions when no government has absolute power to control strategic developments related to Kurds and no government has been willing or able to pay high costs attached to those developments, it seems that as it was the case in past years, the Kurdish issue is still a dependent, not an independent, variable in international system as well as in transitional security system of the region. Most stakeholder governments use this dependent variable as a card to create balance in the region, set the rules of the game and determine the sphere of influence of Kurdish political and military groups. 

Iran and the Threat of Salafism
Wednesday, August 31, 2016

Rasoul Souri & Jahan Heidari
Those dimensions of Salafism which are threatening to Iran can be divided into ideological (anti-Shia propaganda) and geopolitical (due to Iran’s common borders with Afghanistan, Pakistan and Iraq which has security effects, especially on the Sunni-dominant parts of the country). 
After the rise of al-Qaeda, Sunni inhabited regions of the country started to consider those groups as a model. In parallel, their expectation to take part in social, political and cultural fields of the country started to rise. The final outcome was creation of religious differences and taking negative stances. In this way, the ethnic challenge that existed in various parts of the country, especially in its eastern regions, took on a religious hue. 

Future Political Outlook for Shia Muslims in Saudi Arabia
Saturday, August 27, 2016

Hossein Kebriaeezadeh
Shia Muslims constitute the most important minority, and of course the most discriminated group of people, living within the national borders of Saudi Arabia. All groups affiliated with Saudi Shias, which according to the most conservative estimates make up 5-15 percent of the kingdom’s population, mostly live in the Eastern Province and the cities of Qatif (97 percent), al-Ahsa (60 percent), and Dammam (20 percent). Shia people in al-Ahsa and Qatif form the biggest Shia population in the Persian Gulf region after Iraq and they are also the biggest Shia population in the Arab world after Lebanon and Iraq.

Brexit and Prospects for Britain’s Governance: An Exploratory Approach
Saturday, August 13, 2016

Ali Biniaz
If this is true, then one of the future approaches of the UK and other European powers can be related to rebuilding regional order in the Middle East. Therefore, compared to the United States, Britain and the rest of European countries can create more economic and social opportunities for themselves through working with countries in the Middle East, especially with the Islamic Republic of Iran. 

Sense of Retrenchment in the Strategic Thinking of Iran’s Foreign Policy
Friday, August 12, 2016

Behzad Khoshandam
Soft power, historical and traditional influence, public diplomacy and the approach taken to bolstering friendship among regional countries by the nation-state of Iran, which is based on teachings of modern politics and in line with principles of good neighborliness, are among the most important factors strengthening Iran’s sense of retrenchment under critical global conditions in 2016. 

Developments in Eurasia Disturb Regional Peace and Stability
Wednesday, August 3, 2016

Bahram Amir-Ahmadian
In addition to unemployment, workforce immigration, poverty and widespread corruption, this region is facing the threats of terrorism and drug trafficking as well. These two threats are common enemies of all regional countries and, at a higher level, the entire world and humanity. 
Iran is ready to share its valuable experiences in fighting terrorism and illicit drugs with other regional countries. Tehran is also ready to engage in certain forms of regional cooperation with regional countries under the supervision of the United Nations.  

Suicide Attacks: A Crisis in Human Nature
Monday, July 25, 2016

Manijeh Navidnia
However, ignoring the human nature has caused anger to replace kindness, enmity to outdo friendship, hands meant for help and assistance to be used for annihilation, affection to be sacrificed for hatred and grudge, and in short, humans, big and small, young and old, man and woman, to be killed at all corners of the earth as a result of the “crisis in human nature.”

Political and Social Reasons for Failure of Terrorist Attacks in Iran
Friday, July 22, 2016

Hossein Kebriaeezadeh
It seems that the most important reason behind Iran’s success in establishing calm and stability and stopping the flow of terrorism through its borders is rooted in the way that Iran looks upon the issue of terrorism. Unlike the West and even regional countries, Iran does not believe that terrorism has its roots in the ideology of the Arab world, but maintains that Daesh and other terrorist groups are short-term phenomena mostly emanating from geopolitical issues and are a result of political crises as well as the waning power of nation-states in the region.

Iran’s Changing Approach to the Shanghai Cooperation Organization
Saturday, July 2, 2016

Mohammad Zare’
The policy of making effort toward full membership at the Shanghai Cooperation Organization, which has been started and followed by the Islamic Republic of Iran since about a decade ago was mostly aimed at taking advantage of this organization as a balancing factor in the face of the West and the United States. Although this issue is still among long-term goals of the Islamic Republic of Iran, there is no more need to intensify this effort for full membership in this organization at the present juncture.

Iran under the Shadow of the Sykes-Picot Agreement
Sunday, June 19, 2016

Behzad Khoshandam
Attention to Iran's characteristics and potential for any form of new nation-state building in the region on the basis of the country’s institutional, historical, religious, geopolitical, cultural, economic and trade potentialities is a geopolitical and strategic must. Any measure in this regard without attention to Iran and due attention to its interests and supported values and discourses in the Middle East, will certainly fail and will only pave the way for regeneration of extremist currents in West Asia in the light of the Sykes-Picot Agreement’s arrangements.