Iran Review > Articles
Ayatollah Khamenei’s Military and Strategic Thinking
Sunday, October 11, 2015

Masoud Rezaei
When it comes to shaping Iran's military strategy, there exists a dominant intellectual school of thought within the mindset of Ayatollah Seyyed Ali Khamenei and high-ranking military officials of Iran, which cannot be taken lightly. The existing strategy firmly believes that the United States cannot put up with an independent Iran and its final goal is regime change in the country. Based on this mentality, Iran's powerful influence in neighboring countries would allow it to protect itself in the face of foreign aggression and military attacks.

Middle East Facing an Ambiguous Future
Tuesday, October 6, 2015

Pir-Mohammad Mollazehi
Regardless of what direction developments in the Middle East will take in the future, the sure thing is that the region will not go back to where it stood before the developments, which have come to be known as the Arab Spring. The traditional models of power structure have changed and new mentalities have come into play. A review of developments in the Middle East and North Africa will reveal that reconstruction of power in its past centralized form would be almost impossible and governments would sooner or later have to accept the reality that they must experience new modes of governance.

Daesh Making, Daesh-ism, and Daesh-phobia in Iran’s Peripheral Regions
Friday, October 2, 2015

Behzad Khoshandam
Daesh-making and Daesh-ism as a way of thinking represent an extremist way of thinking, which has a desecuritizing effect and whose ensuing risks pose growing threats to international and regional security day after day. The effects of this way of thinking have influenced remarkable structures, actors, players, governance spheres, as well as political, racial and identity frontiers in international arena.

Iran and Africanization of the Middle East
Monday, September 28, 2015

Mohsen Shariatinia
For many years, the Middle East and Africa are considered as one region in many divisions of geographical regions. However, it was difficult in the past to establish a meaningful relationship between these two regions because people in large parts of the Middle East lived in the lap of luxury while African people were plagued with endless woes. However, as time goes by similarities between the Middle East and Africa increase more and more. The following report is an effort to shed light on the expanding similarities between these two regions and their consequences for Iran.

Iran-Iraq War Revisited
Monday, September 21, 2015

The Iran-Iraq war which lasted for eight years from 1980 to 1988 was among the longest wars in the 20th century with huge losses of life and property on both sides. Unfortunately, a vicious trend has been observed in recent years in which some authors and analysts have been trying by distorting or ignoring some facts to change the place of the party which had actually started the war. In doing so, they have been intentionally or unintentionally trying to exonerate the party which initiated that bloody war. In other words, in some of their writings, they have been trying to make the world believe that the invasion of Iran by the Baathist Iraqi regime has been a preemptive act of defense in response to the threat that Iraq perceived from the Islamic Revolution in Iran.

Iran and 2014 Ukraine Crisis: The Problem of Upcoming World Order
Sunday, September 6, 2015

Behzad Khoshandam
From the viewpoint of Iran, the crisis in Ukraine becomes meaningful in the context of larger image of future developments of international order and diplomatic changes in the management of international system. Last but not least, the most important lesson of Ukraine crisis for Iran, Ukraine itself, and other international actors is to make correct use of diplomacy to solve international crises. It also reminds international actors to make the most of their regional roles and adapt to the emerging world order.

The Iran Deal: Explanation Based on Realist School of International Relations Discipline
Sunday, August 30, 2015

Behzad Khoshandam
The fact that future outlook of the Iran deal depends on mutual respect and purposive actions by involved governments, which will use these tools on the basis of a realistic explanation of the reasons and future of the Iran deal, is only one of the existing narrations under the current non-polar international system. From an Iranian viewpoint, there are other narrations beyond realistic, materialistic and mainstream theoretical current of international relations with respect to the Iran deal, which can be constructivist, emancipatory and hope-inspiring.

ISIS, Repetition of a European Experience
Sunday, August 23, 2015

Mohsen Baharvand
The trend that has started and the cruel measures that are being taken in the name of Islam have been most probably designed against Islam and will deal a heavy blow to Islam. If regional countries are concerned about Islam, the sole solution for the current situation is political dialogue and settlement of political differences through such dialogue, because this experience has been tested before. Instead of insisting on hostile positions and pinning their hopes on those who have designed this conspiracy against the Islamic world, regional countries must try to settle their differences through dialogue.

Iran and Shanghai Cooperation Organization: Reciprocal Strategies and Viewpoints
Saturday, July 11, 2015

Behzad Khoshandam
Iran's strategy toward the SCO is influenced by the country’s foreign policy goals and orientations, restrictions it faces at international and regional levels, and its attitude toward China and Russia as driving forces in this organization. On the whole, Iran's strategy can be discussed under the general heading of “increasing partnership in regional alliances.”

Fundamentalism Shifting from Levant to Caucasus
Monday, June 29, 2015

Seyyedeh Motahhareh Hosseini
In this way, since Caucasus is surrounded by Muslim countries where fundamentalist ideas are getting stronger than any time before, there is no doubt that fertile grounds for geopolitical tension in Caucasus will continue to increase in number and intensity.