Iran Review > Articles
If the Iran deal is to survive, the west must change course
Sunday, June 25, 2017

Ali Akbar Salehi
Working to negotiate agreements with the west has been a mixed experience for Iran. Often, following some hard-won engagement, some western nations, whether distracted by shortsighted political motivations or the lucrative inducements of other regional actors, walk away and allow the whole situation to return to the status quo ante.

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Implications of Balance of Terror in East Asia
Sunday, June 25, 2017

Shahrouz Shariati
Escalation of US pressures on North Korea to stop its military and nuclear tests under conditions that Pyongyang has repeatedly announced that it will continue to boost its military capabilities and military ability for preemptive attacks, have complicated international conditions for safeguarding global peace. The “balance of terror” was the term used by former British prime minister, Winston Churchill, to describe these conditions. However, regardless of how this international crisis can be resolved, the question is what implications does this balance of terror in East Asia have for international system, in general, and the United States, in particular? This paper argues that the three following propositions can be considered as the most important implications of this balance of terror.

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Is Pakistan’s Discontent with Saudi Arabia Genuine?
Sunday, June 25, 2017

Hesamoddin Hojjatzadeh
A recent summit meeting in Riyadh, which was attended by heads of state and other high-ranking officials from about 55 Muslim countries, was held with the goal of establishing the so-called “Arab NATO” or in other words, the “Islamic Military Alliance to Fight Terrorism (IMAFT).” The meeting, which was held in May 2017, was led by Saudi Arabia and had firm support of the US President Donald Trump. Meanwhile, the Islamic Republic of Iran has declared its clear opposition to what it calls the Saudi – American reading of the concept of terrorism. Now, the question is will possible discontent of Pakistan with Saudi Arabia due to alleged snubbing of its prime minister in Riyadh meeting have any impact on the future outlook of Pakistan’s relations with Iran and Saudi Arabia?

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Pakistan’s Pessimistic and Optimistic Views on Development of Chabahar
Saturday, June 17, 2017

Farzad Ramezani-bonesh
Pakistan’s Gwadar port is located along the coast of Makran at an approximate distance of 533 kilometers from Karachi port city and 120 kilometers from Iran’s shores. During the past decade, China has made a lot of investment in Gwadar port and was committed to investing 1.62 billion dollars in that port in 2015. From another viewpoint, Gwadar port is located in the southern part of the “China-Pakistan Economic Corridor,” which is supposed to be made operational through an investment of about 52 billion dollars to connect Xinjiang in northwestern China to Gwadar. The corridor is expected to come on-stream in 2017. 

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Which countries can work with Iran for developing Chabahar port: India, China and Japan Competing for Investment in Chabahar
Saturday, June 17, 2017

Madjid Raoufi
Although the first Indian vessel, which set out from the country’s Kandla port, has already berthed at Iran’s Chabahar port, Indians have not worked fast enough to develop this Iranian oceanic port. China, which is now focused on developing Pakistan’s Gwadar port, also has an eye on Chabahar and Iran’s presence in Beijing’s “One Belt and One Road” initiative. Japan is another serious actor, who is openly interested in taking part in development of Chabahar. The question is which one of these three countries will be of priority to Iran for cooperation in development of Chabahar port and the country’s eastern rail routes?

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Trump's Policies and Growing Extremism in the Middle East
Wednesday, June 14, 2017

Hossein Kebriaeizadeh 
The creation of Takfiri terrorism in the Middle East region and its consequences are now among the most important challenges facing the international community. A review of this phenomenon from terrorist attacks on September 11, 2001, which marked a turning point in such attacks, up to the present time, will show that terrorism has experienced many different models and patterns both in theory and practice since that time. The question, however, is what model forms the basis of US President Donald Trump's policies for fighting against extremism and what variables affect those policies?

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The Challenge of Establishing Domestic Security in Afghanistan
Wednesday, June 14, 2017

Amanollah Shafaei
It was believed that following the fall of the Taliban in 2001, dismantling of al-Qaeda’s bases in Afghanistan and election of a broad-based government in this country, insecurity that reigned there for the past three decades would come to an end. However, despite presence of tens of thousands of international forces as well as the Afghan army and a 300,000-strong police force in the past 16 years, Afghanistan is still not considered a safe country and the wave of immigration out of the country still continues with full force. Although presence of international forces has been effective in catalyzing the fall of the Taliban regime and has dealt drastic blows to al-Qaeda terrorist outfit, it has inflicted heavy material and spiritual costs on the Afghan government and nation. 

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Political Psychological Analysis of Daesh Phenomenon: An Iranian Approach
Saturday, June 10, 2017

Shohreh Pirani
“Analyzing terrorism and political violence: Case study of Daesh’s violent actions” was the theme of a research conducted by Shohreh Pirani, who has taken a political psychological approach to analyzing acts of violence and terrorism by the Daesh terrorist group. The author of the research has proposed and analyzed three main approaches in her research, which include the “dispositionist” approach (based on personality traits), the “situationist” approach (situation-based), and the “dispositionist-situationist” approach (which is a combination of personality-based and situation-based approaches).

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Iran's Oceanic Potentialities: Challenges and Opportunities
Wednesday, May 17, 2017

Bahram Amir Ahmadian

As a stable country in the restive Middle East region, Iran enjoys a good position to play a better role in the region. Iran is located at the best geographical position, which is similar to a crossroads. The country would be able to promote this geographical position to a geopolitical one if it could convince eight landlocked countries in Central Asia (including five former Soviet Union republics), Afghanistan (in east) and countries in Caucasus (Azerbaijan and Armenia) to use its geographical space, tie their economies to Iran's economy, take their pipelines through Iran, and also take advantage of the Islamic Republic’s transportation networks.

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The “Feminization of Displacement”; case study: Afghan Migratory Flows
Wednesday, February 15, 2017

Saideh Saidi
Migratory movements were old as mankind itself. International migration has been changed to some novelties in recent trends, and one of these consists in the increase of female migration. There is extensive literature on gender and migration which try to redress the notion of movement with the gender-based lens to analyze how women and men’s migration experiences differ in various aspects such as adaptation strategies, remittance, and decision-making process. 

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