Iran Review > Articles
Iran and Shanghai Cooperation Organization: Reciprocal Strategies and Viewpoints
Saturday, July 11, 2015

Behzad Khoshandam
Iran's strategy toward the SCO is influenced by the country’s foreign policy goals and orientations, restrictions it faces at international and regional levels, and its attitude toward China and Russia as driving forces in this organization. On the whole, Iran's strategy can be discussed under the general heading of “increasing partnership in regional alliances.”

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Fundamentalism Shifting from Levant to Caucasus
Monday, June 29, 2015

Seyyedeh Motahhareh Hosseini
In this way, since Caucasus is surrounded by Muslim countries where fundamentalist ideas are getting stronger than any time before, there is no doubt that fertile grounds for geopolitical tension in Caucasus will continue to increase in number and intensity.

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Transit Corridors Offer Iran New Opportunities for International Cooperation
Monday, June 22, 2015

Bahram Amir Ahmadian
Now, Iran is faced with a good opportunity to make the most of the current situation in Europe and the positive trend of the ongoing negotiations over Iran's nuclear program with the P5+1 group of countries. Therefore, Iran has to work seriously in the light of the aforesaid developments in order to regain its deserved position in the global energy market; a position which had been taken from Iran in the past few years.

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China-Russia Proximity and Its Impact on Iran
Saturday, June 13, 2015

Seyyedeh Motahhareh Hosseini
Propinquity with China and Russia as Asian superpowers can have a positive impact on the situation of such regional powers as the Islamic Republic of Iran because it provides them with new room for playing their role in both international and domestic arenas. Of course, serious confrontation between Asian powers and global powers and the NATO can further escalate the currently critical situation in the Middle East and Iran does not like this to happen. The main threat that is currently posed to Iran is the spillover of “proxy wars” over its borders, though it seems that Russia and China have no interest in seeing this happen.

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Iran's Capacities for Creating Security and Stability in Asia
Monday, May 25, 2015

Mehrdad Pahlevani
Diplomatic measures taken by Iran in the past few months on the initiative of the Islamic Republic of Iran have changed the false image that had been projected of Iran as an “actor that undermines security.” As a result, and on the strength of the new political capacities of the country and also because of its geographical position and cultural and civilization background, the way is now paved for Tehran to play its role as an actor that “fosters security” taking into account that for Asian countries, security is meaningful in three military, economic and political fields.

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Iran and Silk Road Economic Belt: Attractions and Ambiguities
Friday, May 22, 2015

Mohsen Shariatinia
On the whole, one can daresay that although the idea of Silk Road Economic Belt has drawn a lot of attention in Iran, there are also many ambiguities still surrounding this idea. The important point, however, is that Iran looks upon this initiative as a strategic opportunity. Iran is among countries that are not very much concerned about China’s ambitions and basically consider further growth of China’s power as an opportunity, not a threat. Therefore, technical dialogue between the two countries on the details of the Silk Road Economic Belt initiative and Iran's position in that initiative is necessary in order to dispel current ambiguities and promote cooperation between the two sides.

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Afghanistan and Mental Construct of Power
Thursday, April 23, 2015

Pir-Mohammad Mollazehi
Under conditions when a deadlock evidently exists between the Afghan president and the chief executive officer over how to distribute power, it has become somehow easier to pass a judgment in this regard. It is also evident that Ashraf Ghani does not consider the post of the chief executive officer as important as is seen by Abdullah Abdullah and his supporters. Therefore, Ghani does not consider Abdullah as a full partner for the distribution of power on a 50-50 basis.

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Modern Russian Defense Doctrine
Tuesday, April 14, 2015

Sajad Abedi
On December 26, 2015, Russian President Vladimir Putin signed a new military doctrine for the Russian armed forces. The document identifies the expansion of NATO and efforts to destabilize Russia and neighboring countries as the biggest security threats. This doctrine somehow is Continuation Russia’s military doctrine previous in the years 1993 - 2000- 2010.

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Iran-Turkey Cooperation Prerequisite to Protecting Regional Sovereign Borders
Monday, March 30, 2015

Hossein Mofidi Ahmadi
Since Iran's and Turkey’s strategies seek to protect nation-state systems in the region and because both countries enjoy such advantages as superior position in nation-state building process, and also share a change in the understanding of bilateral threat, cooperation between Tehran and Ankara is necessary condition for the protection of sovereign borders in the region. By making the most of these advantages, the two countries will be able to not only improve and expand bilateral ties, but also help with the creation of broad-based governments in the region, which would represent various ideological, ethnic, and religious groups in their countries on a higher level.

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Political and Strategic Roots of Sectarian Strife in Contemporary Times
Saturday, March 21, 2015

Gholamali Khoshroo
At present, the Islamic world is suffering from an upsurge in sectarian bloodletting. All the denominations of Islam have been there for over 14 centuries, but it has been only during the past decades that differences among them have turned into all-out conflict and religious massacre. 

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