Iran Review > About Iran > History
Iran During the First millennium BC / Medians
Sunday, April 13, 2014

The Median Empire, was the first Iranian dynasty corresponding to the northeastern section of present-day Iran, Northern-Khvarvarana and Asuristan (now days known as Iraq), and South and Eastern Anatolia. The inhabitants, who were known as Medes, and their neighbors, the Persians, spoke Median languages that were closely related to Aryan (Old Persian). Historians know very little about the Iranian culture under the Median dynasty, except that Zoroastrianism as well as a polytheistic religion was practiced, and a priestly caste called the Magi existed.

Iran in the Late Third Millennium BC / Elamite Empire
Saturday, April 12, 2014

During the third and the early years of second millennium BC, the plateau of Iran was divided into some cultural regions quite distinct from each other. Gorgan's culture included the entire region in the east of the Caspian Sea. Also the culture of Gian III-IV and Godin IV prevailed in the east of Lurestan. Yanic's culture prevailed in an area extending from the east Azarbaijan to the central parts of Iran. In south, southeast, and east, three different cultures, all having painted ceramics, prevailed in Fars, Kerman and Sistan.

Tuesday, October 16, 2007

Active ImageDozens of pre-historic sites across the Iranian plateau point to the existence of ancient cultures and urban settlements in the fourth millennium BCE, centuries before the earliest civilizations arose in nearby Mesopotamia. Proto-Iranians first emerged following the separation of Indo-Iranians, and are traced to the Bactria-Margiana Archaeological Complex. Aryan, (Proto-Iranian) tribes arrived in the Iranian plateau in the third and second millennium BCE, probably in more than one wave of emigration, and settled as nomads.    

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