Iran Review > About Iran > Contemporary History
Treaty of Gulistan
Friday, October 4, 2013

Even until today, Iran officially sees this and the succeeding Treaty of Turkmenchay as one of its most humiliating treaties ever signed. The treaty is also regarded by Iranians as the main reason why Fath Ali Shah is seen as one of Iran's most incompetent rulers in memory.

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Division of Iran: Anglo-Russian Entente: August 31, 1907
Monday, September 2, 2013

Signed on August 31, 1907, in St. Petersburg, Russia, the Anglo-Russian Convention of 1907 brought shaky British-Russian relations to the forefront by solidifying boundaries that identified respective control in Persia, Afghanistan, and Tibet.

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CIA Confirms Role in 1953 Iran Coup
Tuesday, August 20, 2013

Malcolm Byrne
Marking the sixtieth anniversary of the overthrow of Iranian Prime Minister Mohammad Mosaddeq, the National Security Archive is today posting recently declassified CIA documents on the United States' role in the controversial operation. American and British involvement in Mosaddeq's ouster has long been public knowledge, but today's posting includes what is believed to be the CIA's first formal acknowledgement that the agency helped to plan and execute the coup. 

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August 19th, 1953 Coup
Monday, August 19, 2013

Ibrahim Hadidi
From the very beginning of the Mossadeq’s taking the power in his hands and nationalization of oil industry, the thoughts to launch a coup and military intervention in Iran were played by some of British circles. However, the solidarity and cohesion of the pro nationalization groups and the early opposition of the US government to this project, delayed the realization of it.

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107 Years with Constitutionalism
Monday, August 5, 2013

Ibrahim Hadidi
Following the reforms implimented by the crown prince, Abbas Mirza and Mirza Abu'lqassem khan Qayemmaqam Farahani (Chancellor) to introduce and promote new techniques and industries and the establishment of Darolfonun (polytechnique) by Mirza Taghi Khan Amir Kabir, the country had stepped into a new level. Some Iranians became familiar with cultural and scientific advances and lifestyle of people in the West. On the other hand, the return of students and the educated people from Europe and the Enlightenment of liberal minded Iranians, reformers and intellectuals who were aware of comprehensive social retardation of Iran has had considerable impact on developing reformist ideas and constitutionalism in the country.

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The White Revolution in Iran
Saturday, April 20, 2013

In January 1963, the Shah of Iran held a national referendum to obtain approval for his total program which was known as the White Revolution  or the Revolution of the Shah and the People.

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The Removing of Hijab in Iran
Thursday, February 7, 2013

The forceful removing of hijab (Islamic code of dress for women) in Iran signified a special part of the contemporary Iranian history under the rule of Reza Shah Pahlavi during which Iranian women and girls were banned from wearing hijab including various kinds of chador, veil, and headscarf.

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Anglo Iran 1919 Agreement
Monday, July 23, 2012

This treaty was a dark page in Iran's history, containing a document involving Great Britain and Persia (Iran) and centered around drilling rights of the Anglo-Persian Oil Company. It was never ratified by the Majlis. The "agreement" was issued by British Foreign Secretary Earl Curzon to the Persian government in August of 1919. It stated a guarantee of British access to Iranian oil fields (including five northern provinces formerly under the Russian sphere of influence). Eventually, the Anglo-Persian agreement was formally denounced by the Iranian Parliament (Majlis) on June 22, 1921.

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Mohammad Shah
Thursday, May 10, 2012

Mohammad Shah, son of Abbas Mirza, FathAli Shah's prince crown was the third Qajar Shah. When the news of FathAli Shah's death reached Mohammad Mirza in Tabriz, he coronated in the same city, and proceeded with his forces to Tehran and encountered his uncle, Sultan Ali Mirza Zil-los-Sultan's forces in the vicinity of Tehran.

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An Overview of the Role of Women in the Constitutional Revolution
Tuesday, March 6, 2012

During the tyranny, although the whole society was under great oppression, the women lived in very limited sphere. But the constitutional movement did not raise the concepts of justice within the realm of a specific gender. Women were in the Revolutionary scene because of the tyrannical conditions in the whole community. In an announcement dated April 1909, addressed to MohammadAli Shah, the Iranian men and women were identified as a nation who sought constitutional government; however, despite all efforts and struggles of women, in the manual of the elections ratified in 1906, they were deprived of the right to participate in elections.

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