Iran Review > About Iran > Contemporary History
Turkamanchai Treaty after 188 Years
Monday, February 22, 2016

The Circle of Ancient Iranian Studies
Treaty of Torkamanchai (also Turkmenchay) dated 1828, agreement signed by Russia and Persia at the village of Turkmanchai (Torkaman), East Azarbaijan province., NW Iran. It concluded the Russo-Persian war that had begun in 1825 and forced Persia to cede part of Persian Armenia to Russia and to grant extraterritorial rights.

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Reza Khan, The British and 1921 Coup
Sunday, February 21, 2016

Rozita Miri & Eftekhar Belarashk
February 22nd 1921 coup of Reza Khan may be considered a turning point in the political relationship of Iran and the Britain. As 1917 revolution of the Russia has deprived the Qajars from Russian support, it was time for its rival to expand its influence more than ever.

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Amir Kabir after 164 Years: "Nightmares and Memories of a Bath Attendant"
Sunday, January 10, 2016

Directed by Ali Rafiei, “Nightmares and Memories of a Bath Attendant” about the life and murder of Amir Kabir is currently on stage at Tehran’s Vahdat Hall. The play once staged in 1978 is about the life story of Mirza Taqi Khan Amir Kabir, the reformist prime minister of Qajar king Nasser ad-Din Shah during the first four years of his reign.

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Iranian Tobacco Protest Movement, 1891-1892
Thursday, December 17, 2015

The Iranian Tobacco Protest of 1890–1892, directed at the monopoly on tobacco declared by the state in 1890, occurred against the background of an insolvent Qajar government, a population suffering from hard economic times and angry at rulers who were largely unresponsive to their plight, and a religious leadership that was deeply distrustful of the growing role Westerners had come to play in the country's economy. The movement, which brought together disparate groups with divergent motives and interests, has been called the first successful alliance between Iran's religious leaders, its modernizing reformers, and its discontented populace—an alliance that was to come to fruition in the Iranian Constitutional Revolution of 1905–1911.

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December 1991: Recognizing Responsibility of Iraq in War with Iran
Tuesday, December 8, 2015

Said Khaloozadeh
On December 9, 1991, just three weeks before the end of his tenure, the former UN Secretary-General Javier Perez de Cuellar, submitted one of the most important reports he had ever prepared to the UN Security Council.

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30th of November and 1st of December in Iran's Contemporary History
Monday, November 30, 2015

End Of November and Beginning of December always remembered as two of the bitterest days in Iran's contemporary history. One commemorates the martyrdom of Ayatollah Seyyed Hassan Modarres and the other one, martyrdom of Mirza Koochak Khan Jangali. These prominent figures in Iran's history devoted their lives to their country in the hope of its freedom and independence.

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The Tehran Conference: November 28 - December 1, 1943
Sunday, November 29, 2015

The Tehran Conference (codenamed Eureka) was a strategy meeting held between Joseph Stalin, Franklin D. Roosevelt, and Winston Churchill from 28 November to 1 December 1943. It was held in the Soviet Embassy in Tehran, Iran and was the first of the World War II conferences held between all of the "Big Three" Allied leaders (the Soviet Union, the United States, and the United Kingdom).

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In Memory of Dr. Hossein Fatemi
Sunday, November 8, 2015

At dawn of November 11, 1954 the last Foreign Minister of democratic Iran was shot in Tehran. It was a year since the dramatic events of 1953, when a CIA-backed coup d’etat overthrew Iranian Prime Minister Mohammed Mossadegh for contemplating oil nationalization.

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Capitulation in Iran
Tuesday, May 12, 2015

Enactment of Capitulation was proposed by the US embassy to Amir Assadollah Alam administration in the early days of 1962. The proposal was approved in the cabinet in October 1963, then in the Senate in August 1964 and finally in the National Consultative Assembly on 13 October 1964. Imam Khomeini harshly censured enactment of this legislation on October 26.

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On the Occasion of UN Statements regarding Iraq's Use of Chemical Weapons
Thursday, April 30, 2015

Musa Nasiri
During 1982-86 Iraqi regime employed chemical weapons in an unprecedented scale. Albeit the first such attack occurred on 13 January 1981, when Iranian forces were attacked by chemical weapons nearby Ilam. Alarmed at the liberation of Khorramshahr, Saddam's regime turned to widespread use chemicals from 1983 on. Along these lines, Javier Pérez de Cuéllar, the then United Nations Secretary General, spoke of evidence that pointed to use of chemical weapons by Iraqi forces which had leaving many civilian casualties, both Iranian and Iraqi. International organizations' silence in the face of Iraqi aggression, especially that of the UN which failed to adopt mandatory resolutions to suppress the aggressor, encouraged Saddam to turn to use of such weapons that the international community had been trying to ban for at least eight decades.

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