Iran Review > About Iran > Contemporary History
36th Anniversary of the Iran-Iraq War
Wednesday, September 21, 2016

The Iran-Iraq war which lasted for eight years from 1980 to 1988 was among the longest wars in the 20th century with huge losses of life and property on both sides.

The Consortium Agreement of 1954
Monday, September 12, 2016

A year after the overthrow of Premier Mohammad Mossadegh the new Iranian government concluded its predecessor's negotiations with Britain over the Anglo - Iranian Oil Company (BP). The Dispute was finalized with the incorporation of an international oil consortium which reduced  BP's share to 40%.

World War II: Anglo-Soviet Invasion of Iran
Wednesday, August 24, 2016

The Anglo-Soviet invasion of Iran refers to the military invasion of the Imperial State of Iran by the United Kingdom and the Soviet Union between August 25 and September 17, 1941. This operation is known by the code name Operation Countenance.

Iran's 1953 Coup d'Etat: 63 Years Later
Wednesday, August 17, 2016

Sixty three years ago, on August 15, 1953, Iranian military officers backed by U.S. and British intelligence agencies initiated a coup d'etat whose aftershocks can still be felt around the globe.

Bushehr under British Occupation: 101st Anniversary
Thursday, August 4, 2016

Bushehr was used as a base by the British Royal Navy in the late 18th century. In the 19th century, Bushehr became an important commercial port. It was occupied by British forces in 1856, during the Anglo-Persian War of 1856–1857. Bushehr surrendered to the British on 9 December 1856. It was occupied again by the British in 1915, the second time due to German intrigue, most notably by Wilhelm Wassmuss and Rais Ali Delvari.

Iran and the First World War
Thursday, August 4, 2016

Although Iran proclaimed neutrality in the war, several battles were fought in western Iran between Russian and Ottoman forces. These battles destroyed many villages, killed several hundred Iranian civilians, and caused near-famine conditions that probably caused the death of several thousand more. The inability of the Iranian government to protect the country provoked rebellions and autonomy movements in northern Iran between 1915 and 1921.

In Memory of the Iranian Constitutional Revolution
Tuesday, August 2, 2016

The Iranian Constitutional Revolution took place between 1905 and 1911. The revolution led to the establishment of a parliament in Persia (Iran).

Review of Correspondence between Presidents of Iran and Iraq on the Anniversary of Iran’s Acceptance of UN Resolution 598
Monday, July 18, 2016

For many people, both Iranian and non-Iranian, the United Nations Security Council Resolution 598 is reminder of the termination of the longest conventional war in the 20th century: The Iraqi imposed war against Iran. From a legal viewpoint, the main importance of the resolution is that it marks the terminal point of the war between Iran and Iraq. In the meantime, however, there are a number of important points which should not be forgotten.

30 Tir Uprising: Mossadegh or Death!
Friday, July 15, 2016

National and religious leaders called for resistance against the martial law and soon factories and offices were closed and people poured into the streets on July, 21st. Violent clashes between people and armed forces left many killed and injured but led to Shah's stepping back and dismissing Ghavamossaltaneh after 4 days as Prime Minister.

Iran Air Flight 655: US 1988 Attack on Iranian Passenger Jet
Friday, July 1, 2016

Iran Air Flight 655 was shot down by the United States Navy's missile cruiser USS Vincennes on Sunday July 3, 1988, killing all 290 passengers, including 66 children, and crewmembers onboard. The US government has to date neither admitted any wrongdoing or responsibility, nor apologized for the fatal incident.