Mohammad Javad Zarif
Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif says Iran and Cuba have proven that the United States has failed to advance its agendas by exerting pressure on the two countries.
A more important point is that Americans tried to prove that Russia's measure was against Paragraph 5, Annex B of the United Nations Security Council Resolution 2231, while in practice, there is no relationship between this cooperation and the aforesaid Security Council resolution on Iran. This is true because in its fight against terrorism, Iran has not received military articles from Russia and Russia merely takes advantage of logistic services provided at Nojeh Air Base. Meanwhile, the aforesaid Security Council resolution has banned delivery of military equipment to Iran in any form for five years, but taking advantage of aerial logistic services has not been banned by the resolution.
During the recent coup attempt in Turkey, we clearly saw that the tanks did not start moving from Iran toward the Kaaba, but were moved into streets of Istanbul and Ankara by the agents of some suspicious countries. Also on the night of the coup, the people of Turkey did not hear a supporting voice from the rulers of the United States, Europe or Saudi Arabia, but they heard it from Iranian politicians who, like the people and statesmen in Turkey, stayed awake up to the morning.
No exaggeration should be made about close relations among Iran, Turkey and Russia by considering them to be necessarily a strategic coalition, or as claimed by some people, an anti-American coalition. This new triangle of cooperation should be considered a tactical alliance based on specific goals while maintaining the differential points that exist among its three sides.
Mohammad Ali Dastmali
Kurds – both followers of Barzani and the PKK – and AK Party converge on a point, which can be described as pragmatism and protection of interests, and at that point, they are willing to change their positions once in a while. So, if such changes were possible in the past, why it must not be like that at the present time?
Turkey’s foreign policy has been undergoing relative changes following last month’s botched coup d’état and it seems that the period of inflexibility in the country’s foreign policy is over. One of the outcomes of the failed coup in the area of the country’s foreign policy was a new move by Turkey toward improvement of relations with neighboring countries, especially those countries which play an effective role in their peripheral regions.
In fact, the failed coup served as a catalyst to elevate topics of talks between the two countries from one level to a higher one. On the other hand, the failed coup has served to tone down previously negative attitudes, which had done basic harm to relations between Tehran and Ankara. Recent improvement of relations between Iran and Turkey can be also considered within framework of the recent trilateral meeting among Iran, Azerbaijan and Russia.
Iran, Russia and the Republic of Azerbaijan held a trilateral meeting in the Azeri capital city of Baku on August 7. The meeting’s agenda included, among other things, such important issues as the North-South Corridor, the legal regime of the Caspian Sea, the situation in the disputed Nagorno-Karabakh region, and the common fight against terrorism. Regardless of the extent to which joint decisions made on these issues would be realized, the meeting per se can be considered as a sign of regionalist approach taken by these countries as well as Azerbaijan's move from following a balanced policy between East and West to attaching more importance to regionalism.
At present, the MKO is on the verge of turning 51. The organization, however, is grappling with political alienation, ideological confusion, ethical bankruptcy and an uncivilized and military way of life as a result of which it is plagued with lack of identity as well as cultural and political obscenity. Therefore, although such a group can host apparently glamorous gatherings at the heart of Europe, it lacks necessary capability, coherence and popularity to affect Iran’s regional approaches.
Despite the fact that the list of threats posed to Russia by Turkey is a long list, Russia has understood this important issue through its realism that not having relations or having hostile relations with Turkey will not only cause it to fail in doing away with these threats, but also exacerbate them and provide the West with the opportunity to take advantage of this gap in relations in order to use Turkey against Russia.