Mohammad Javad Zarif
Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif says the Islamic Republic will not allow any foreign interviews with its nuclear scientists as part of a potential final deal with the P5+1 group of countries.
On the whole, one can daresay that although the idea of Silk Road Economic Belt has drawn a lot of attention in Iran, there are also many ambiguities still surrounding this idea. The important point, however, is that Iran looks upon this initiative as a strategic opportunity. Iran is among countries that are not very much concerned about China’s ambitions and basically consider further growth of China’s power as an opportunity, not a threat. Therefore, technical dialogue between the two countries on the details of the Silk Road Economic Belt initiative and Iran's position in that initiative is necessary in order to dispel current ambiguities and promote cooperation between the two sides.
Iran will continue to remain one of the most important foreign policy issues for the United States during the next three decades. Therefore, as US President Barack Obama approaches final years of his term in office, strategic changes in the US foreign policy trends in the direction of confrontation or cooperation with the reality of the Islamic Republic of Iran have been mostly a function of strategic conditions and requirements of the US foreign policy apparatus in the past few years.
Although these changes have had a major effect on domestic policy of Saudi Arabia, no essential change has taken place in terms of Saudi government’s position on a spectrum which extends from democracy to totalitarianism. In addition, although foreign policy of Saudi Arabia has altered its direction in accordance with the aforesaid changes toward cooperation with the Muslim Brotherhood in the region, the main priority of this country – which is to counteract Iran's regional power and influence – has remained unchanged.
Since domino-like popular uprisings started to sweep through Arab countries, regional developments moved in a direction that has prompted regional countries to seek security and stability in the face of escalating instability and shaky nature of the existing conditions. As a result, every regional country was looking for a companion and partner to form an alliance, so that they could keep their heads above the choppy waters of the region. However, after the beginning of the crisis in Syria, conditions in the region took a different turn and groupings among various political forces, both with and against one another, became more transparent and clearer.
On the relations between Iran and Turkey as two major economic and political powerhouses in the region, Prof. Turan opines that the two nations have never been on fighting terms, and despite intrinsic rivalries, they have tried to keep their competitions under control. According to Prof. Turan, Iran and Turkey have disagreements over Syria or Yemen, but this doesn’t mean that they can’t benefit from what cooperation might offer.
Mohammad Taghi Hosseini
Iran, however, has proven that it enjoys necessary capabilities and skills in these fields. Iran’s diplomatic apparatus should take advantage of all its power to promote the goal of freeing the Middle East of nuclear weapons through the ongoing conference. The existing conditions in the region are ripe to force Israel and the US government, as the main supporter of that regime, to try to get rid of the current situation and allay the political and moral pressure that is mounted on them by international community, at least, for a short period of time.
Seyed Mohammad Eslami
Heads of the six member states of the (Persian) Gulf Cooperation Council [(P)GCC] came back from Camp David Summit in Washington with empty hands. According to the US media outlets, the Arab heads of state and their representatives, who had taken part at Camp David Summit, were told it was better if they adapted to the United States’ policies instead of trying to counteract them.
Robert E. Hunter
The former U.S. Ambassador to NATO believes that until everything is agreed, it cannot be said whether there would be a deal; however, he says he is optimistic that the talks move in such a direction that can end in an understanding. Robert E. Hunter, however, says that there are some parties in the Middle East who disfavor such a deal between Iran and the West, because it would lead to Iran’s economic and political reemergence as a regional power and an Iran-U.S. rapprochement, which is not pleasant to everybody.
On March 25, 2015, Saudi Arabia started its military intervention in Yemen by launching air strikes against the Arab country through Operation Decisive Storm. The important question is whether this military assault is legal and legitimate in terms of international law? This issue can be assessed from three different viewpoints: Yemen’s domestic laws, international law and international humanitarian law.