Mohammad Javad Zarif
The world cannot afford to continue to avoid addressing the roots of the turmoil in the wider Persian Gulf region. This unique opportunity for engagement must not be squandered.
On 31 July 2006, adopting resolution 1696 under Chapter VII of the UN Charter, the Security Council demanded that “Iran suspend all enrichment-related and reprocessing activities, including research and development”. The Council expressed its conviction that “such suspension, as well as full, verified Iranian compliance with the IAEA Board of Governor’s requirements, would contribute to a diplomatic, negotiated solution that guaranteed Iran’s nuclear program was for exclusively peaceful purposes”.
Hossein Mofidi Ahmadi
During recent days, analysts have been mostly focused on a key question about Turkey. Will Ankara choose to take part in the coalition of Sunni Arab states, led by Saudi Arabia, in order to confront Iran in reaction to the current developments in Yemen? And if the answer is yes, will it be a strategic decision on the part of Turkey, or a purely tactical one?
Kaveh L. Afrasiabi
The buzz word in Washington around the Iran Nuclear Review Bill that was approved unanimously by a Senate committee is "compromise," parroted even by the White House spokesperson who has let it known that President Obama will endorse it despite some reservations. But, in reality, "compromise" is a code word for "concession," i.e., appeasement of the anti-Iran hawks in U.S. Congress, as well as Israel.
Although Russia’s deputy foreign minister and top nuclear negotiator, Sergei Ryabkov, lauded the role played by Russian President Vladimir Putin in the achievement of the agreement , and Andrey Klimov, Deputy Chairman of the Committee on International Affairs of the Council of the Russian Federation, noted that reaching the agreement would have been impossible without Russia, in reality, Moscow played an insignificant role in these round of nuclear talks. There is no doubt that this situation is not favored by Russia, especially under conditions that West is trying to isolate this country.
Following the death of King Abdullah and succession of King Salman, Saudi Arabia has been treading a risky path with regard to regional developments and every step taken by Riyadh has increased tension with Tehran. Being unable to cope with Iran as a major rival, Saudi Arabia has been trying to use its financial leverage in order to pull Egyptian and Pakistani armed forces into a proxy war in Yemen.
Mohammad Hassan Daryaei
It should be noted that like any other country, Iran has its own complexities and domestic political rivalries and such rivalries usually reach their peak when it comes to the sensitive issue of the nuclear talks. Perhaps, one of the most important challenges facing the Iranian nuclear negotiating team is to convince domestic political factions and groups, so that, there would be necessary consensus inside the country for the continuation of the negotiations until a decisive result is reached and the final Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action is formulated.
Although it is still too early for speculation about the outcome of Saudi Arabia’s military intervention in Yemen, the sure point is that Saudi Arabia and its allied governments lacked suitable solutions for the reinstatement of Hadi in the first place. On the contrary, it seems that Saudi Arabia is treading a path, which can take the Saudi government into a situation in which Riyadh will find itself caught in a regional mire with the subsequent deepening of internal rifts among Saudi officials.
It should be noted that the borders between the two countries are friendship borders and relations between Tehran and Ankara have been constantly on the rise in recent years. While some observers expected Erdogan to cancel his scheduled trip to Tehran due to regional rivalries between the two countries, the visit was carried out. This was a good sign of the rationality and maturity of relations between the two neighboring countries, which can pave the way for further expansion of cooperation both at bilateral level and for the establishment of stability and new security arrangements in the region.
Existence of anxious opponents, along with a wide spectrum of those who support the Lausanne agreement, is quite natural. Just in the same way that the support accorded to the Iranian nuclear negotiators can motivate them and keep their spirits high, domestic opponents can be considered a good asset on which negotiators can reckon in their resistance against illegal demands of the opposite negotiating parties, especially the United States.